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Understanding Maps

The Language of Geography Week 2 Ch 3 Jerrods

Atilano Sanchez

on 7 September 2012

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Transcript of Understanding Maps

1. Give me the acronym for the features of a map. What do the letters mean?
2. I am a Gardener. I want to move to a different state in the United States.
3. I am a pilot for Southwestern Airlines
4. I am a Geography Teacher.
5. I am a parent and I am planning a vacation to California by car.
6. I am the owner of Starbucks and am looking to expand my business.
7. I want to open a park around an area with a interesting land features like mountains.
8. I am a candidate for the republican party looking to expand my possible votes.
9. I am opening rest areas around the Houston area.
10. Tell me the 5 themes again! ~Map skills & 5 Themes to the test~
What map would you use? Topographic maps
show the shape and elevation of an area. Road maps
show highways and roads, airports, railroad tracks, cities and other points of interest in an area. People use road maps to plan trips and for driving directions. Physical maps
illustrate the physical features of an area, such as the mountains, rivers and lakes. The water is usually shown in blue. Colors are used to show relief—differences in land elevations. Economic or resource maps
feature the type of natural resources or economic activity that dominates an area. Cartographers use symbols to show the locations of natural resources or economic activities. For example, oranges on a map of Florida tell you that oranges are grown there. There are many different types of maps, thematic maps show information relating to a specific theme, such as trade routes, spread of religion or the following:
Climate maps
give general information about the climate and precipitation (rain and snow) of a region. Cartographers, or mapmakers, use colors to show different climate or precipitation zones. Legend (AKA Key) – identifies the symbols on a map and what they represent Distance Scales – help us determine real distances between 2 points on a map Great Circle Route – The shortest route between 2 places on a planet Atlas – a collection of maps
Map Projections- Mapmakers different ways of presenting our round earth on flat maps ex. Flat plane, conic projection, cylindrical projection
Great Circle Route – The shortest route between 2 places on a planet
Distance Scales – help us determine real distances between 2 points on a map
Compass Rose – Has arrows that point to all four principal directions
Legend (AKA Key) – identifies the symbols on a map and what they represent Map Skills (page 15 notes) Parts of a Map
DOGSTAILS Acronym Geographer's Craft: Answer the following on your quick start sheet:

What three things can maps help you do? Quick Start 2 (page 14) Latitude= I
Longitude= -
North Pole= NP
South Pole= SP
Equator= -
Tropic of Cancer = +C
Tropic of Capricorn=-C
Prime Meridian= I
East = E
West= W
Degrees= o, unit of measure used to
determine absolute location
Hemisphere=D Geography Graphics and Definitions Let's define the following terms using simple words after watching the video: You will use a different color in your foldable for each word and draw a symbol to represent the word and define it as necessary.
Tropic of Capricorn
Prime Meridian
Tropic of Cancer Geography Tools (page 13) Answer the following on your quick start sheet:
The seven continents are
1. *extra credit name the
2. four oceans*
3. 1.
4. 2.
5. 3.
6. 4.
7 Map Skills North Pole North America Equator South America Africa South Pole Antarctica Australia Asia Europe Label the following map – color according to label SEAN got 3 AAAs, acronym for the continents
South America, Europe, Asia, North America, Africa, Antartica, Australia/Oceania

Africa - It is south of Europe and is bordered by the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

Now your turn: You and your partner tell me the location of the Continents that follow:
Antarctica - the continent that surrounds the South Pole of the Earth.
Asia - a continent in the Northern Hemisphere. Asia is attached to Europe (and east of it).
Australia - a continent, an island, and a country in the Southern Hemisphere.
Equator - an imaginary line that divides the Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
Europe - a continent in the Northern Hemisphere. Europe is attached to Asia (and west of it).
North America - a continent in the Northern Hemisphere; it is north of South America. It is bordered by the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
North Pole - the point that is the farthest north on Earth.
South America - a continent that is mostly in the Southern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
South Pole - the point that is the farthest south on Earth.
What you have done is tell me the location of the continents in relation to other places or objects, this is called relative location, remember this, we will come back to it. CONTINENTS BY SIZE #1 Asia - (44,579,000 sq km)
#2 Africa - (30,065,000 sq km)
#3 North America - (24,256,000 sq km)
#4 South America - (17,819,000 sq km)
#5 Antarctica - (13,209,000 sq km)
#6 Europe - (9,938,000 sq km) #7 Australia/Oceania -
(7,687,000 sq km)

#1 Asia - (3,879,000,000)
#2 Africa - (877,500,000)
#3 Europe - (727,000,000)
#4 North America - (501,500,000)
#5 South America - (379,500,000)
#6 Australia/Oceania - (32,000,000)
#7 Antarctica - (0)

#1 Africa - (53)
#2 Europe - (46)
#3 Asia - (44)
#4 North America - (23)
#5 Oceania - (14)
#6 South America - (12)
#7 Antarctica - (0) CONTINENTS Activity:
You have 5 minutes:
To Finish Your Global Map
Label the continents
Label the oceans
Paste the continents onto the blue paper
Ask if you are not sure of the positions of the continents!
Paste into page 11 of your composition journal, title the page Global Map. “My world” Political maps
they indicate state and national boundaries, capital and major cities. Compass Rose – Has arrows that point to all four principal directions Map Projections- Mapmakers different ways of presenting our round earth on flat maps ex. Flat plane, conic projection, cylindrical projection Parts of a Map Northern Hemisphere lies north of the Equator
Southern Hemisphere lies South of the Equator
Western Hemisphere includes North America and lies on the West side of the Prime Meridian
The Eastern Hemisphere includes Europe and Asia, Africa and Australia and lies on the East side of the Prime Meridian Hemisphere Notes How did you do on your memory of the continents?
I did……….
For my quiz Friday I will be able to ………..

......'member SEAN got 3 AAAs How did you do? Answer the following question on your Quick Start sheet ..page 12 in your journal.
Title is Quick Start 1: Write the date to the left on the title line. Write the question as well.

How do maps helps us to represent geographic information? Quick Start Continent - a large, continuous area of land on Earth.
Africa, the Americas, Antarctica, Asia, Australia together with Oceania, and Europe are considered to be Continents. All continents together = less than one-third of the earth's surface.
More than two-thirds of the earth's surface is covered with water.
Two-thirds of the continental land mass is located in the Northern Hemisphere. Continents
write on top flap of foldable MR HELP 5 Themes of Geography M= movement of people, products, info
R= region is described by similar
characteristics or by boundaries

HE= human environment
interaction is how people affect
the environment or are affected
L= location, either absolute or relative,
absolute expressed in latitude/longitude,
relative in relation to other places, things
P= personality of location, the language,
culture, dress, etc. 5 Themes of Geography
Orientation (compass rose),
Legend (key),
Source/Surroundings put on mapskills notes top flap 2nd flap Name the oceans Name the continents Maps Map uses Parts of a map Types of maps Quick Start 3 Latitude Longitude Latitudes are imaginary horizontal lines that run parallel across the earth. The equator is the most important latitude line. Longitudes are imaginary lines that run up and down the earth. All meet at the North and South Poles. The Prime Meridian is the most important longitude line. When latitude and longitude lines are shown on a map, they form a grid pattern. By knowing where they meet, we can identify any place on the earth, this is called the absolute location. Find Lat/Long Relative Location Absolute location Ok, Let's Review Acronyms/Questions:
Catchup on your notes and journal entries during this time.
Spatial perspective
Features of a map
5 Themes
Different types of maps
Lat/Long, most important
Absolute/relative location
Three uses for a map?

https://sites.google.com/site/dcontinuumtransfunctioner/ http://geographyworldonline.com/tutorial/practice.html http://geographyworldonline.com/tutorial/practice.html Spatial Perspective/Spatial thinking
Basically: where something is and why it is there Quickstart 4 Why is geography important to you? Ticket Out Next week is Earth/Sun relationship and climates. What is spatial perspective and how do maps allow us to synthesize information spatially? Have nice weekend.....this is for a grade!! Copy this format into page 19 Cornell Notes Format
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