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Chapter 21- Big Picture
Transcript of Chapter 21- Big Picture
Big picture question
1. What explains the disasters that befell Europe in the first half of the twentieth century?
Variety of things
A. A variety of factors lay behind the disasters. For example, the numerous competitive states that were a force in driving Europe’s expanding influence in the world over the previous four centuries became a liability as they turned on one another in devastating wars within Europe. (Triple Alliance and Triple Entete dragged everyone in)
B. The industrial production that underpinned Europe’s wealth and power was used to fight destructive wars within Europe. All European powers had standing armies, exept Britian, which had a conscription to draft them. Furthermore, they all had "war plans" in case of a war breakout. These plans created insentives to strike first.
Increase of power
The growing power of governments and the resources of their colonial empires were directed toward warfare between European powers. Not only resources, but peoples from imperialized Asia and Africa were sent to the war to fight for europeans.
Motivations of War
Nationalism, Communism, facism
Nationalism, communism, and fascism all provided ideological motivations for war.
One example of this is how facist bitterly condemned individualism, feminism, liberalism, parlimentary democracy, and communism. They were revolutionary in their attempts to overthrow these exsisting regiemes.
The Great Depression
The Great Depression had an impact on all European economies, further destabilizing the region and adding to tensions within societies.
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