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Spinoza Prezi

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Danny Kay

on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Spinoza Prezi

Ethics Benedict de Spinoza Benedict de Spinoza is one of the most important contributors to the study of ethics and western philosophy because he laid the groundwork for a new school of thought that not only influenced many philosophers, but he has had a great effect on the fabric of our modern society. Ethics? 1632 to 1677
Jewish family in Amsterdam.
He had to take over family business instead of advancing in Jewish school.
Became protégée of Franciscus Van den Enden.
Excommunicated from Jewish faith in 1656. Spinoza's Life Timeline of Philosophers Hegel: "You are either a Spinozist or not a philosopher at all."
Hegel's work was a precursor to communism.
Agreed with Spinoza's emphasis on reason in preserving the individual.
The State: Incarnation of reason and objectivity. Spinoza's Influence on Hegel What are his pros and cons? Evaluating Spinoza's Philosophy "Since reason demands nothing contrary to Nature, it demands that everyone love himself, seek his own advantage, what is really useful to him, want what will really lead a man to greater perfection, and absolutely, that everyone should strive to preserve his own being as far as he can. This, indeed, is as necessarily true as that the whole is greater than its part." Spinoza's Ethics What does this mean? You are traveling on an airplane with a small child. The oxygen masks are released due to an emergency. Do you put your mask on first or, or the child's? Spinozist Thinking Interlude! All human actions derive from an interest in self-preservation.
One's own motivation, if pursued rationally, can benefit others.
Freedom from passions
Preserving the individuals will better the society as a whole.
Bertrand Russell : "Spinoza is the noblest and most lovable of the great philosophers. Intellectually, some have surpassed him, but ethically he is supreme. As a natural consequence, he was considered, during his lifetime and for a century after his death, a man of appalling wickedness." Self-preservation 2002 March (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 1588 1883 Karl
Marx Georg
Hegel Thomas
Hobbes René
Descartes Spinoza Hobbes believed that people are naturally selfish and need to be subjugated to government intervention.
Spinoza spun this to his advantage so that his audience wouldn't think he was selfish.
No freedom to pursue self-interests? That's unjust.
Spinoza's philosophy is one of freedom and liberation. Influence of Hobbes on Spinoza Descartes was a moral philosopher who declared that virtue consists of guiding reason.
Reason as a means by which people can accomplish their goals.
Spinoza added self-preservation into the equation. Influence of Descartes on Spinoza Spinoza analyzed the motives for the ethics of Descartes.
Why do we do what we do? Self-preservation.
Spinoza undermined Hobbes, showing that self-preservation is the execution of liberty.
He wanted a purposeful philosophy that would appeal to people and liberate them through reason.
Earned title from Gilles Deleuze as "the 'prince' of philosophers." So what? Marx took this a step further by favoring complete state control in a communist society.
Government free from passions will take care of its citizens.
Spinoza focused on freedom, while Marx focused on equality.
Limiting the gap between the rich and the poor. Influence on Marx Communism vs. Capitalism Freedom
Equality Spark How is Spinoza relevant to our study of humanities? Let's Think Like Spinoza (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr Spinoza has inspired us to be guided by reason in evaluating our motives in society. New insights on political theories.
Impacted other key philosophers.
Applicable to today's society and humanity. Most complete, cumulative work on ethics. (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr Rigid, black and white ideals Con Pro Pros Commence the Interactive Activity Spinoza's philosophy does not give us the answers to our questions, but its didactic nature provides us with a mental framework by which we can garner our own reason and preserve our own truth. Conclusion "Baruch Spinoza." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.p., 21 Aug. 2012. Web. 03 Oct. 2012. <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/spinoza/>.
"Benedict De Spinoza." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2012. <http://www.iep.utm.edu/spinoza/>.
Carlisle, Clare. "Spinoza, Part 1: Philosophy as a Way of Life." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 02 July 2011. Web. 03 Oct. 2012. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/belief/2011/feb/07/spinoza-philosophy-god-world>.
Deleuze, Gilles. Spinoza: Practical Philosophy. New York: City Lights, 1988. Print.
DuQuette, David A. Hegel's History of Philosophy: New Interpretations. New York: SUNY, 2003. Print. Works Cited
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