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Transcript of Collaboration Timeline
The vikings went crazy in battle so the swords and axes were perfect for cutting and slashing at the enemy, armored or not.
What did they look like? Describe a warrior's armour and weapons. This question was wast to do, because the information was easy to describe.
They wore what they could of
afforded, it all depended on the wealth. Women usually wore dresses that were made out of silk
and expensive fabrics and materials. Although men usually stayed in long shirts and pants/trousers. Their armor was very protective and heavy, yet
they could still be able to fight as they wo
1492 - 1572
The Emperor was at the head of the class system but had no real power, they were controlled by the shogun. He was confined to the palace grounds and was basically a puppet.
The viking shield
The shield was very important
to the vikings as it is their main
defense in combat. Majority of
shields were made of wooden planks
cut in a circular shape but the richer viking
may have been able to afford iron shields.
Shogun protected the nation against foreigners. The Shogun was the real power behind the throne. He ruled the country by creating the laws. As the maker of these laws, the Shogun was not subject to many of them. The Shogun also ruled the Emperor.
Daimyos owned land and were regulated by the Shogun, they were only allowed to get married with the Shogun's permission. They were only allowed to socialize in their district to prevent plotting. To be kept from becoming too rich and powerful, they had to pay for repairs to forts, roads and castles.
Samurai were the warriors of Shogunate Japan, they were trained in Bushido and highly skilled in martial arts. Many were excellent poets and painters.
Farmers made up 80% of the Japanese population, most were below the level of poverty. Their homes and lifestyle depended on the amount of rice they grew.
Even though Merchants and Artisans were lowest on the feudal ladder, they were very wealthy and at times even wealthier than the Samurai. They were spied upon by Daimyos and the Shogun and had to be very cautious with traders. they were not allowed to mix with other classes except on business matters.
The richer and smarter would be offered jobs like doctors so treating the poor and the weak. The Middle class people would get jobs like merchants and tax collectors. The merchant would travel to other places like Europe to sell items. Then you have the military which would fight for their people and for their religion. Then you had the farmers and herders which would provide food and animals for cities to live off of. By Tom
The average viking wore Armour of overlapping metal plates worn on the shoulders. These successfully protected slashing attack to the neck. Another common piece of Armour was chain mail which consisted of thousands of tiny metal rings put together and they protected against slashing attacks to the body. Vikings were quite vulnerable to stabbing but the ferocity of the viking warriors insured that not very people had time to stab as they were under an extremely intense attack themselves. Vikings also charged the enemy so archers had to hit a moving target and they wouldn't be able to shoot many arrows before they were up close and personal with the vikings. The helmet was also very important as it protected the head from swords, axes and arrows.
The Ottomen war Q6
The Italian War lasted from 1551-1559.Also Known as the Hapsburg war. Began When Henry the second succeeded to throne Francis the first. once that once that was done he declared war against Charles V. to recapture Italy.
The Ottomen war Q7
The person in charge in the Italian war that lasted from 1551-1559 was Francis the first, The king of France. He had power oer France that was his role to look over his country.
THE ITALIAN WAR
1. What Jobs Were There And What did They Do.
. Where are they from?
Was a state founded by Turkish tribes under Osman Bey in north western Anatolia. During its most powerful time it stretched from the southern borders of the Holy Roman Empire on the outskirts of Vienna, Royal Hungary and the Polish Lituanian. By Tom
3. What did they look like? Describe a warrior’s armor and weapons.
A warrior’s armor was made with interlocking rings of flattened metal ad was reinforced at the front, underarms and back with rectangular steel plates. Below are some pictures of the warriors themselves and their weapons.
The King was the ruler of the people in the kingdom. He would build armies and make the law.
What technology did they discover? – Leonardo Da Vinci was interested in mechanics and he had ideas that no one had thought of before. He drew up plans for an airplane, helicopter and a parachute. Occasionally he worked as an engineer and designed tanks, machine guns and bridges that could move.
Some other technology discovered/advanced in this Era is;
Slitting mill – This mechanized the production of iron rods for nail making
Blast furnace – enabled iron to be produced in substantial quantities
Smeltmill – Increased the output of lead over previous ways.
Map of Europe - Question1
Question 2 picture
What person or figurehead was in charge of the civilization? – This question was very hard to answer for our era seeing as Europe is so big. After discussion with the teacher we decided to study a person who was involved a lot during this era, Leonardo Da Vinci.
Da Vinci wasn’t just interested in mechanics; he was also interested in the human body. He even dissected dead people so he could study bones and other parts of the body. He also made drawings to show how the body worked. Like many other artist, he was interested the in proportions of the human body.
Apart from all this Leonardo also liked nature and the growth of plants. He tried to find out what made birds fly. Later on, he started writing books on many of these topics, but he never completed them. When they were discovered centuries later, they showed that Da Vinci was much ahead of his time.
The Khmer people weren't known for their inventions but they did build the largest temple in the world, Angkor Wat. One of the great achievements of the Khmer Empire is the structure of the Angkor Wat. The Angkor Wat is built in Angkor (which is the capital city of the Khmer Empire). It was built as a shrine, an observatory and a funerary temple. Researchers say that it took nearly 30 years to complete and was finished in time for the death of an important king (Suryavarman II).
The Angkor Wat
The Mongol Empire had a four class system. The Mongolians were at the very top, Semu were second, Han were third and southerners were fourth. Punishment depended on where you were on the class system. The Han and Southerner class werent allowed to possess weapons or raise any dogs or eagles.
If You Found This Look behind You >:)
What Great Achievement did the Khmer Empire civilization achieve?
Most days, Samurai would wear Kimonos. In battle, they would wear armor made of steel or iron plates sewn together with silk. They also wore padding to prevent damage when the armor was hit. They wore fibreglass masks meant to scare opponents and finally they wore winged vests. The weapons they used were mainly katanas as they were the symbol of the samurai. They would also use another blade called a Wakizashi, the combination of the two was called a Daisho. If nessecary, they would use a dagger called a Tanto to commit suicide by disembowelment. The weapon of choice was mainly a bow called a Yumi.
The Empire was divided into areas and districts which was appointed by the king. The king was at the top of the social classes and had power over everything. Priests were close to nobility and had a sacred position. Scholars, poets, astrologers and astronomers were members of the society. Warriors and farmers formed the largest classes. Slaves are the lowest of the social class, and consisted of debtors, prisoners of war and hill tribesmen.
The Khmer people originated in Cambodia Its total landmass is 181,035 square kilometers. Cambodia is bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. The Capital is Phnom Penh language Khmer language.
The Mongol Empire was the largest Empire in history.
The Mongols owned the majority of land from South East Asia to Eastern Europe, which covered about 12.7 million square miles. The capital city was called Karakorum and other cities included Beijing, Persia and Moscow.
Mongolian Warrior and clothing
The Mongolian warriors were fierce and well schooled in the art of war. They were deadly accurate archers and horse riders. The mongols were highly feared by opponents and considered lethal.
The armour of the Mongol troops was a mix of materials, based on foundation layers of boiled and hardened leather. Steel plates would be added for extra strength in the chest and other parts of the body like the boots and arms. A mix of light and heavy armour would give the Mongols protection against various attacks, while allowing them the flexibility they required to handle their bows.
A long, ankle length robe called a caftan was worn by the entire population. The material that it was made out of, and the colour and design depended on the social status you held. They used cotton, silk, brocade, fur, leather and wool.
Did they have a class system? What were the classes? What did each class do?
Map of Khmer
Where are they from?
The kings exerted considerable power, but it was rarely the case that any of them was truly the sole ruler of all the Khmer's. The king's main duties were to ensure the prosperity of his kingdom and the reign of Dharma, the rules which ordain world order and the harmony of all beings. It is clear that powerful nobles also existed, and although they were the king's vassals they were undoubtedly the lords of their own domains.
Much like the men, the women wore colorful kimonos and platform shoes made of wood. The shoes were called Getas and were used to keep the bottom of the kimono from getting dirty.
All farmers and peasants could only afford one piece clothing which resembled potato sacks. even the children of lower class had to wear these 'sacks'.
What person or figurehead was in charge of the civilization? What was their role? What did they have power over?
Name and describe a war they fought. Was it with another civilization?
During the reign of King Suryavarman II there was a policy in partnership with the Southern Sung Dynasty in China to expand their shipping empire. To be a part of this shipping network, Cambodia needed to have seaports which would be taken by war. First they attacked Vietnam but failed. Next they successfully attacked a seaport called Vijaya which was chosen because it was both important but also easy to take over.
The King was the ruler of the people in
the kingdom. They would build armies
and make the law.
The people of the khmer empire follow three different religions which were Hinduism, Mahayana Buddhism and Theravada Buddhism in Buddhism the beliefs involve principles of rebirth and karma and in Hinduism they belived in Dharma, Samsāra, Karma, Moksha and the various Yogas.
Ganeshae is one of the gods in Hinduism it is a elephant headed god and is the most well-known and worshiped gods in in the Hindu pantheon. His image is found throughout India and Nepal.
The Henry II of France invaded Italy.
The Henry IIs' army attacks Florence, but is
defeated due to the Battle of Marciano in 1553.
The Spanish are very confident at the Battle.
While celebrating at the tournament, Henry II
gets a head wound as who to believed by the Nostradamus.
What religion did they follow? Was there more than one? Describe the basic/core beliefs of this religion. Name and briefly describe one of their gods, prophets or icons.
The Katana is a type of sword made by the Japanese, it was the symbol of the samurai. It has a curved blade and a gripping handle. They are still used today by some black belt martial artists. The Japanese also made other types of swords and daggers like the wakizashi and the tanto.
The mongols introduced gun powder cannons, bamboo rockets and grenades to the battle field. They also improved the technology of making paper.
They contributed to the development of medicine and military weapons.
There wasn't a specific religion that everyone went by. The empire population expanded and every individual followed their own religion. Christianity, Buddhism and Islam were just some of the religions practiced.
The Mongols did actually have their own religion called Shamanism but it didn't spread
Genghis Khan was the founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire,.
He came to power by uniting many of the nomadic tribes of northeast Asia. After founding the Mongol, he started the Mongol invasions that resulted in the conquest of most of Eurasia. These included raids or invasions of the Kara-Khitan Khanate, Caucasus, Khwarezmid Empire, Western Xia and Jin dynasties. These campaigns were often ended in massacres of the civilian populations. By the end of his life, the Mongol Empire occupied a large portion of Central Asia and China.
The men and women all wear their hair wound up in a knot and wear only a cloth around their waist. The materials the king wears are elegant and beautiful. Only the king can wear materials with a full pattern of flowers on it. Senior officials and relatives of the king can wear cloth with a floral pattern. Khmer's warriors wore little or no armor at all during war, but this gives them the ability of speed and agility. Spears and shields were the main weapons used, but they also used swords. Their main weapon though was the warrior himself, they were taught Bokator and wrestling.
What did they look like? Describe a warriors armour and weapons.
The kimono was a piece of clothing that most men, women and children wore. It means "thing to wear" in Japanese. They were T-shaped and draped down to the ankles. They are still used in modern-day Japan.
Origami is the art of folding paper. it was used by many artisans (if they could spare paper) and samurai. Some things made with origami are paper cranes, birds, cats, bears and stars. It is still used today in schools and is used to improve hand-eye co-ordination
Buddhism's core beliefs are divided into a number of different traditions, most of which have a common set of beliefs. one of them is reincarnation which is the belief that you come back to life when you die. The main goal of a buddhist is to reach Nirvana, a spiritual state of cleansing and enlightenment.
Shinto is the term for the indigenous beliefs and practices of Japan. Shintoism is often harmonious to other religions, an important part of it is the belief that humanity and nature are both the offspring of the same parents. all gods and goddesses are called kami as that means high, above, special or unusual in any way.
The Emperor did not have very much power in feudal Japan, most of the power went to the shogun. There were times when the Emperor was a leader, but mostly he was a prisoner to the Shogun. An Emperor's power was mainly in religion as they were thought to be a direct descendant of the Sun Goddess
Jobs and Lifestyle
The Conquistador clothing was very simple, they wore a long-sleeved shirt known as camisa, balloon or pumpkin pants and gloves and boats made from leather. All of the Armour the Spanish wore was from Spain which made it expensive. They would wear iron vest, leg and arm plates, chain mail vest and sleeves and an iron helmet and a coat of arms would have to be somewhere on their Armour They would also carry two-handed swords, muskets and crossbows if they were on foot, and if they were mounted on a horse lances and daggers.
After Genghis Khan declared war, the mongols set out to many cities and countries and one by one, seized the lands and made it their own. If the town or country did not agree, it ended in bloodshed as the mongol massacred the whole town.
The Mongols invaded Poland, Lithuania, Byzantine Thrace, Dali Kingdom, Bulgaria, Merkits , Tartars, Serbia, Hungary, Persia, Korea, Japan, Song dynasty and the Jin Dynasty..
The Mongolian–Jin War lasted over 23 years.In 1211 about 50,000 Mongols on horses invaded the Jin Empire. The Jin Dynasty finally fell in the year 1234; which was the year that the Mongolian Empire had claimed the total conquest of the Jin Dynasty. This meant that they had control over the whole area of northern China