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Industry Specific Assignment: Film

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nancy thompson

on 31 May 2014

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Transcript of Industry Specific Assignment: Film

Nancy Thompson
2.4 industry specific assignment:
The Film Industry
What is the film industry?
The film Industry is the collective efforts of several
groups of studios, companies, associations, and professionals to produce and market films.
From 1888 with Louis Le Prince's first moving pictures to today's films like Avatar, the film industry has always been about art, entertainment, and experimentation.
Today it takes a variety of skilled professionals to produce high quality films that we have in the box office today. The labor is not without reward however, considering the industry takes in a total domestic box office gross of $12,903,300,000 annually.
It is estimated that there are 361,900 wage and salary jobs in
the motion picture industry according to the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics. The "movie making business" is a
thriving industry which carries a rich history
and a bright future.
film industry example job:
Director of Photography
Job Requirements:
At least 5 years production experience working with Canon 7Ds, Sony PMW-F3s, RED, & Alexa
Access to Sony PWM-F3 camera or equivalent, including lenses and sound package
Vast experience with editing workflow for the following cameras: Canon 7Ds, Sony PMW-F3s, RED, & Alexa
Past experience working on reality TV and/or documentary film productions
Flexible and easy set attitude
Interest in social innovation
Working knowledge of Portuguese, Spanish, and Italian preferred (not required)
Familiarity with shooting in Latin America and Africa preferred (not required)
URL: http://www.entertainmentcareers.net/Uncharted Play/Director Of Photograpy Editor Producer/job/172391
Company: Uncharted Play
Director of Photography and the film industry...
The director of photography (DoP) is the person responsible for the look and feel of a film and gives it its visual identity. Camera angels, lighting, framing, mood, tone, are just a few of the aspects that the DoP oversees. The DoP supervises, directs, and works with a variety of crew members.
DoPs is the major cinematographer and performs a highly creative role. DoPs are required to have highly technical training, a good eye, and the ability to communicate effectively. DoPs take on an intensive work load, involving research, preparation, execution, and direction. The DoP is responsible for the capturing of the story, and its presentation to the audience.

DoPs are essential in the film industry and serve as a
major role in film production. They provide the visual
"magic" that captivates the audience.
Common Terms in the film industry:
"Above the Line"
Above the line refers to the roles in film production that take up the biggest slice of the budget.
These roles are the most major roes that hold priority in terms of cost.
The "ATL" roles most often include the primary Directors, Producers, Script Writers, as well as the Talent. These are generally the individuals with the most visibility.
Above the Line positions often involve major artistic direction that Below the Line positions execute.
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Common Terms in the film industry:
"Below the Line"
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Below the line refers to the roles in film production that take up the remaining slice of the budget.
The "BTL" roles most often include technical directors, camera operators, assistant directors, gaffer, grips, prodcution assistants, and anyone else not included in the "ATL" category.
Below the line positions execute the direction of the Above the line posistions, and are not as visible in the public eye.
Trends in the Film Industry:
(Past 10-20yrs)
"Shocking Twist Endings!"
Shocking Twist Endings!
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
!Caution! Spoiler Alert for the following films:
The Sixth Sense, The Village, The Number 23, Secret Window, The Descent, American Phsycho, Fight Club, K-Pax
1999 " The Sixth Sense" was released and we audiences gasped, as it dramatically dawned on us that Bruce Willis was dead all along! Although "The Sixth Sense" was not the first movie to pull off such a twist, it had managed to spark a trend of shocking twist movies.
released in 1999 was the beloved movie "Fight Club" in which we gasped again, as we realized Brad Pitt was just an imaginary character! In 2000's "American Psycho" it was reaveled that thankfully, Christian Bale probably only commited all those sordid and sadistic crimes in his head.
surprises did not stop there, we found out that Jim Carrey was the murderor in "The number 23", as well as Johnny Depp in "The Secret Window". The woman in the descent who escapes, was actually just temporarily blacked out and still in the cave. The quaint village that is scared of "the bad color" turns out to be a colony of twisted individuals hiding out in the woods from modern day. Kevin Spacey is not actually from space in the movie "K-Pax", but rather just a regular guy coping from a terrible event.
the late 90s and into the 2000s the film industry had ushered in a slew of shocking twists movies. The trend exploding around that time, began to slow down and trickle as audiences became paranoid, making it difficult for films to catch us off guard. These days, shocking twists are hard to pull off, but audiences still crave and applaud well executed twists such as exhibited in 2010s: "Inception".
How this trend affected the Film Industry...
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trend has affected the film industry by boosting sales and generating interest. When effectively applied, a shocking twist can make a good movie ending even better! There is something exhilarating about being shocked that makes these types of movies appealing to audiences.
twist movies tend to generate a lot of sharing and conversation. Once we are blindsided by an "I didn't see it coming!" twist, we tend to run out and promote the film, to make sure everyone else we know is just as easily fooled as we are. Box office records show that people love twist movies. Aside from just pure entertainment, another incentive for individuals to view this type of film, is the ability to get "in the loop". Water cooler conversations create tension between those "who know" and those "who don't" once a film creates a big secret. This forces some viewers to watch just to finally get in on the big mystery every one is so hush hush about.
the widespread popularity of " The Sixth Sense" other films quickly jumped on the bandwagon to capitalize on the market. By the 2010s, the surprise twist bank is nearly maxed out, and harder to execute as we analyze every little detail just in case filmmakers try to fool us. In the peak of the shocking twist trend audiences gasped and grimaced their dollars into the Box office, and helped keep the film industry booming and prosperous.
How this trend affects
FBS graduates...
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graduates must be aware of all major trends and their effects on the industry, to be able to replicate success and avoid failure. The movies that employed the "Shocking Twist" tactic serve as a reord of the nature of the american audience.
excitement over "Fight Club", and "The Sixth Sense", was quite different from the response to "Indiana Jones and the Crystal Skull's: turns out they are are aliens plot". FBS graduates will have to constantly find a way to bring something new and fresh to the entertainment industry, and can only do so by understanding whats already been done. The Shocking Twist trend has been greatly expanded upon, and will force FBS graduates to think way far out in left field to offer a new twist.
attempting to catch a ride on the wave of this trend, filmmakers were forced to experiment with filming techniques, in order to hide evidence in plain sight. A good twist movie subtlety provides enough clues to the twist, as not to infuriate the audience with a blindsiding sucker punch. The result of this was an expansion in the techniques and equipment, that filmmakers had to develop, to execute a good twist.

the shocking twist trend has taken up a large portion of the obvious twist endings available to FBS graduates, it compensates by giving them a variety of production tools to utilize in their own film making endeavors.
Trends in the Film Industry:
"Reboots, Remakes, &
( Today )
" Reboots, Remakes, &
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is a film that derives its basis from a film that was previously produced. It involves a straight re-telling of a story with the purpose of updating for the audience.
is a course correction done with the purpose of restarting a franchise. A reset where the original story or film is not a priority.
is a re-telling of a story in a broad sense. Characters and some story elements are retained, but plot and story have been re-purposed.
Anyone can tell you that this trend is in full throttle in today's Film industry. Just in this month remakes/reboots/re-imaginings include: "Godzilla", "Amazing Spider-man 2", "Maleficent", & "Captain America". Not only that, but on the horizon is: "Jurrasic World", "The Avengers: Age of Ultron", "Assasin's Creed", " Star Wars VII", "Fantastic 4: Inside Out", "The Jungle Book", and more.
How this Trend effects the
Film Industry...
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the idea of re-doing a work is not new, in recent years the increase in technology has created an explosion of remakes, reboots, and re-imaginings. Thanks to the developments of gear and software, it is now possible to bring justice to the creations of past artist. The main incentive however, would come from the response to these types of films. Audiences take the bait and flock to the box offices, giving production companies and film studios a very valid reason to continue producing such films.
large contribution to the popularity of these films has been the visual re-telling aspect of some of our favorite imaginative past works. Ideas found in comic books, fantasy novels, cartoon series, graphic novels ect. have proven to be a successful source for public interest, however in order to visually re-tell the stories, film and post production technology has had to rapidly keep up with the visual demand of the audience.

the film industry has a high value on the technical and artistic roles involved in making movies visually stunning. Directors of Photography are gaining mainstream popularity and recognition that in the past, has been reserved only for Directors and Producers. Also the smaller jobs that support visual graphics are expanding as the demand for pushing visual limits expands with it. The remake/reboot/re-imagining trend is wildly expanding the technology of the film industry and supplying the income to fuel it.

How this Trend effects the FBS graduates...
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have criticized the remake/reboot/re-imagining trend for it's lack of originality. Despite the increased quality in visual effects, critics claim the film industry is declining in overall quality. Critics however are critics, and audiences are audiences, the two don't always agree and in this case couldn't express more different views. There is the other hand, in which some serious critics have embraced the genre and given credit to the films and those involved.

is certain is that the trend has opened up a plethora of questions for FBS graduates. A FBS graduate can focus on the lucrative and creative work associated with this trend, or chose to pursue unique and unexplored ideas to take the chance in the direction of the unknown. Involvement in the remake/reboot/re-imagining trend will cause FBS graduates to focus on highly technical visual aspects. FBS graduates who do not directly get involved in this genre of film must still compete for viewers in the highly visually market, as it has raised the standards in overall film production.
Film industry Professional:
Emmanuel Lubezki
Why he is unique
in his field...
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Emmanuel Lubezki is most recently known for his Oscar winning cinematography in the film "Gravity". Although he is receiving a lot of publicity over this ground breaking work, in which he pushes boundaries technologically and artistically, Lubezki has a rich history of great works.
Film credits involve "The Tree of Life", "Children of Men", "The New World", "Y Tu Mama Tambien", "Sleepy Hollow", "Meet Joe Black", " Great Expectations", " A little Princess," and many more unique feeling films.
Lubezki has a gift for creating films with a certain quality of identity and immersion that other cinematographers have failed to match. Lubezki is a true artist who succeeds largely due to his intense passion for the arts, and dedication to the capturing of emotion. Lubezki also posses the technical and experimental attributes that allow him to go into the un-chartered territory of the cinematography landscape. His latest work on "Gravity", has required a number of ingenious inventions made specifically for the film under his personal direction. Lubezki describes the process as quite scary, but also recounts times of bursting tears over the joy of capturing the uncapturable. The intensity that Lubezki applies to his craft is what gives his work it's rich depth, and powerful presentation.
Aside from his great talent, and commitment to visual beauty, Lubezki is also a collaborative worker, who pours into his director as much as he pours into his work. The combination of all these traits is what makes Emmanuel Lubezki undoubtedly one of the best cinematographers in the industry.
Film Industry: Unions, Clubs, Associations,
and Guilds
Directors Guild of America
The American Society of Cinematography
The American Society of
URL: www.theasc.com
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Directors Guild of America
URL: www.dga.org
The American society of Cinematographers is a non-profit association with the purpose to advance and expand the art of filmmaking. The ASC aims to educate aspiring filmakers through their renowned magazines "American Cinematographer" and " American Cinematographer Manual," as well as conduct seminars, hold industry events, and provide one-on-one mentoring.
ASC membership is by invitation and based on an individuals body of work. Currently the membership roster contains 302 cinematographers and 150 associate members spanning 20 countries.
The ASC is also actively involved in the development of motion-picture technologies and works to promote a better understanding of the cinematographer's contribution to the filmmaking process.
Committees of the ASC include:
Technology Committee, Education Committee,
Public-Relations Committee, and the Publications Committee.
"The Directors Guild of America is a labor organization that represents the creative and economic rights of directors and members of the directorial team working in film, television, commercials, documentaries, news, sports and new media."
The DGA established in 1936, is the prominent and historic guild representing 15,000 Directors, Assistant Directors, Unit Production Managers, Associate Directors, Stage Managers, and Production Associates. The DGA is governed by a National Board of Directors, and is managed by a professional staff of 140 located in L.A., New York, and Chicago.
The DGA employs an impressive arsenal of resources to provide members with the highest quality of: Economic Rights, Creative Rights, Pension and Health Plans, Residuals, Contractual & Legal Protection, Special Events, and Screenings.
The DGA is a powerful and prestigious guild, working with the best outside law firms, accountants, and auditors to aid in the assistance of providing the highest standard of protection and service to their member.
The End...
Industry Job:
What is a Director of Photography?. (n.d.). wiseGEEK. Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-a-director-of-photography.htm

Director of Photograhy. (n.d.).StartinTV. Retrieved May 17, 2014, from

#4 of 7 - Above-the-Line Budgeting (A Producer Favorite). (n.d.). Film Production and The Money. Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http://filmproduction.wordpress.com/2011/01/25/4-of-7-above-the-line-budgeting-a-producer-favorite/

Crew Positions. (n.d.). . Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http://profbagley.cos.ucf.edu/Crew%20Positions.pdf

Above the Line/Below the Line and jobs.... (2012, April 1). College Confidential. Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http://talk.collegeconfidential.com/visual-arts-film-majors/1319259-above-the-line-below-the-line-and-jobs.html

. (n.d.). . Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http:// search.

Christopherson, S. (2012). Book Review: Below the Line: Producers and Production Studies in the New Television Economy. Work & Occupations, 39(3), 287-289. doi:10.1177/0730888412446288
Common Terms:

"10 Brilliant Movies That Inspired Annoying Cinematic Trends." WhatCulture 10 Brilliant Movies That Inspired Annoying Cinematic Trends Comments. N.p., 12 June 2013. Web. 17 May 2014. <http://whatculture.com/film/10-brilliant-movies-that-inspired-annoying-cinematic-trends.php/4>.

30 Greatest Twist Endings. (n.d.). Total Film Movie Features RSS. Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http://www.totalfilm.com/features/30-greatest-twist-endings/the-usual-suspects-1995

Hollywood’s Reboot Trend: More Remakes On The Way, And Guess What? It’s Working. (2012, July 2). The Inquisitr News. Retrieved May 18, 2014, from http://www.inquisitr.com/276141/hollywoods-reboot-trend-more-remakes-on-the-way-and-guess-what-its-working/

A Brief History of Hollywood Remakes. (2012, November 27). . Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http://www.moviesyoushouldlove.com/2012/11/27/a-brief-history-of-hollywood-remakes/

Whitman, N. (2012, July 6). Remakes, Reboots, and Reimaginings. : Behind the Dictionary : Thinkmap Visual Thesaurus. Retrieved May 18, 2014, from http://www.visualthesaurus.com/cm/dictionary/remakes-reboots-and-reimaginings/
Industry Professional:
Tapley, K. (2012, February 16). Tech Support Interview: Emmanuel Lubezki on capturing the moment in 'The Tree of Life'. HitFix. Retrieved May 18, 2014, from http://www.hitfix.com/blogs/in-contention/posts/tech-support-interview-cinematographer-emmanuel-lubezki-on-capturing-the-moment-in-terrence-malicks-the-tree-of-life

Abrams, B. (2013, October 3). The Credits. The Credits. Retrieved May 18, 2014, from http://www.thecredits.org/2013/10/one-of-the-greatest-cinematographers-ever-gravity-cinematographer-emmanuel-lubezki

Emmanuel Lubezki. (n.d.). IMDb. Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0523881/?ref_=nv_sr_1

ASC: The American Society of Cinematographers. (n.d.). ASC: The American Society of Cinematographers. Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http://www.theasc.com

About the DGA. (n.d.). History -. Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http://www.dga.org/The-Guild/History.aspx

. (n.d.). . Retrieved May 17, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/ff/American_Society_of_Cinematographers_%28emblem%29.png

* All images used for educational purposes only
Music: Swisha by Ratatat
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