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Lesson 4 History of Linguistics

Theories of Language Origin
by

Christian Cristoful

on 10 September 2016

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Transcript of Lesson 4 History of Linguistics

Theory of
Evolution of Languages
Historical Linguistics
Theories of Language Origin
Noah Webster = Aramaic
James IV of Scotland

Third Experiment
Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II of Hosenstaufen

Second experiment
Divine Theories
Babel Tower
The Father of modern Linguistics

Descriptive Linguistics

Structural Linguistics
Evolution of Language
Young Grammarians: Language Regularities
The birthdate of Linguistics: 1786
Sir William Jones: Sanskrit
Aristotle – Plato (427-348 BC)
The birthdate of Linguistics
Historical Linguistics
Ding-Dong: onomatopoeia
Bow-wow: animal sounds
Pooh-pooh: sighs of pleasure,
moans of pain, and other semi-involuntary
cries or exclamations
Ta-ta: oral gestures from hand gestures
Uh-oh: warnings
Yo-he-ho: rhythmic chants and vocalisms
Monogenesis: one common source
Joseph Elkins
His etymologies have been considered "linguistic chauvinism."
Leibniz coined the term "goropism" to mean "absurd etymology." 
"Never have I read greater nonsense," the scholar Joseph Scaliger wrote
of Goropius' etymologies.
Johannes Goropius Becanus
“The perfect language”
“all languages derived ultimately from Brabantic”
Nabu
Thoth
Divine Theories
Noam Chomsky
Syntactic Structures
Generative Grammar
Bishop Robert Lowth:
“A short Introduction to English Grammar with Critical Notes”
Task 3
Write your own theory of language origin
Homework
First Experiment
Pharaoh
P
s
a
m
m
e
t
i
c
h
u
s
Panini
4BC
The Father of (ancient) Linguistics

Genesis Chapter 1
3 And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.
Genesis Chapter 11
1 Now the whole world had one language and a common speech...
Full transcript