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Lesson 4 History of Linguistics
Transcript of Lesson 4 History of Linguistics
Evolution of Languages
Theories of Language Origin
Noah Webster = Aramaic
James IV of Scotland
Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II of Hosenstaufen
The Father of modern Linguistics
Evolution of Language
Young Grammarians: Language Regularities
The birthdate of Linguistics: 1786
Sir William Jones: Sanskrit
Aristotle – Plato (427-348 BC)
The birthdate of Linguistics
Bow-wow: animal sounds
Pooh-pooh: sighs of pleasure,
moans of pain, and other semi-involuntary
cries or exclamations
Ta-ta: oral gestures from hand gestures
Yo-he-ho: rhythmic chants and vocalisms
Monogenesis: one common source
His etymologies have been considered "linguistic chauvinism."
Leibniz coined the term "goropism" to mean "absurd etymology."
"Never have I read greater nonsense," the scholar Joseph Scaliger wrote
of Goropius' etymologies.
Johannes Goropius Becanus
“The perfect language”
“all languages derived ultimately from Brabantic”
Bishop Robert Lowth:
“A short Introduction to English Grammar with Critical Notes”
Write your own theory of language origin
The Father of (ancient) Linguistics
Genesis Chapter 1
3 And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.
Genesis Chapter 11
1 Now the whole world had one language and a common speech...