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Feminist Literature

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amanda handy

on 11 October 2014

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Transcript of Feminist Literature

How did feminism in Literature begin?
Feminist Writing in Composition Studies
"Feminist inquiry and composition studies have much in common. After all, feminist researchers and scholars and composition specialists are usually in the same department and sometimes teach the same courses."

Through literary canon, literary criticism, and analysis of literature. The impact that women on literature has paved the way for other minorities and genders to have their impact on literature as well
Pedagogical Strategies
The classroom provides ways to explore questions about female and male differences in the use of language.
Reading, discussion, and writing:
Journal Writing
To improve efficiency
group discussion

(open ended) about student lives to sustain intellectual discussions and to attempt it in writing
-Improve the ability of
women writers
through helping them to understand their own social identities as women.
A model of a
strong woman
teacher-intellectual for female students.
Influential Feminist Writers
Amanda Handy
Feminism in Literature

What makes a piece of writing feminist Literature?
James Britton
The work of male composition researchers have significantly contributed to the process of feminization as well.

Modern Feminism
Feminism Since 1960's
Virgina Woolf
: 20th Century Author, British Scholar and teacher
A Room of One’s Own
Lecture that laid the foundation for present day feminist criticism, declaring that men have and continued to treat women as inferiors. She argued that it is men who define what it means to be female and who controls the political, economic, social, and literary structures.
Themes in her work
: Gender relations, class hierarchy and the consequences of war

Simone de Beauvior:
French author
The Second Sex
Text that declares French society and western societies in general are patriarchal and controlled by males. She believed that believed male, the dominant being in society, in these societies defines what it means to be female- finding herself secondary culture (church, government, and educational systems).
Women students consistently consider women writers inferior to men.
Male dominated and controlled institutions.
There have been few great intellectual women
Silent women have little awareness of their intellectual capacities.
Passiveness and dependency of women students
The fields of feminist studies and composition studies have not engaged each other in a systematic way
Major journals in the field of composition do not often include articles addressing feminist issues
Panels on feminism are infrequent
"Women are trained in school and out to follow directions well-which means passivity."

To begin, gender affects the way in which readers, writers, and speakers use language.
Breaking of passive-dependent patters
Women growing conscious of themselves as women:
"Consciousness or knowing fosters power and control: all of these terms are essential for the writer, even as they are also political terms."
The stages of women's intellectual development...
-The quest for self and voice plays a central role in transformations of women's ways of knowing.

Feminist criticism

is a wide spread and well-known field of study that, according to one Modern Language Association survey, has more impact on the teaching of literature than any other recent school of criticism."
It has generated innumerable books, articles, and conferences.
Recent cultural phenomenon of women's explicit
as an oppressed group:
The emergence of a second wave of feminism in the

late 1960's

justifies the analysis of women's literature as a
separate category.
Articulated in literary texts in the exploration of gender-specific concerns centered around the problem of female identity.
Male figures who have contributed
Alexis de Toqueville
Four brief chapters in his book "Democracy in America" (1840)
•Influence of Democracy on the Family.
•Education of Young Women in The United States.
•The Young Woman in the Character of the Wife.
•How Equality of Condition Contributes in America to Good Morals.
•How Americans Understand the Equality of the Sexes.



Janet Emig
Mina Shaughnessy
Ann Berthoff
Win Horner
Maxine Hairston
Sherley Heath
Nancy Martin
Linda Flower
Andrea Lunsford
Sondra Perl
Nancy Sommers
Marion Crowhurst
Lisa Ede
"Feminist criticism is a political act whose aim is not simply to interpret the world but to change it by changing the consciousness of those who read and their relation to what they read."
-Judith Fetterley
The feminist movement and
women’s impact in literature
could have not been successful without women who went against the social norm and spoke of equal rights between men and women in society and even literature.
With this, women were able to write more freely.
A woman must
break the bonds
of her patriarchal society and define herself if she wishes to become a significant human being in her own right and defy male classification as the Other
Feminist research and theory emphasize that males and females differ in their developmental process
A feminist approach to composition studies would focus on questions of difference and dominance in written language.
The two main women responsible for this movement:
Felski, Rita. "Beyond Feminism" http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=ynX1v40Lv8kC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=feminist+literature&ots=u_6fuffjfy&sig=KIU-Ryo-dWi70JgM9zwwery9P_w#v=onepage&q=feminist%20literature&f=false

Felski, Rita. "Literature After Feminism" http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=TlGJ2_akPL0C&oi=fnd&pg=PP7&dq=how+did+feminism+in+literature+begin&ots=4LXDTsC3zR&sig=i2J0aR3g8kCOVUQz9lV9SW6_9cc#v=onepage&q=how%20did%20feminism%20in%20literature%20begin&f=false

Flynn, Elizatbeth A. "Composing as a Woman" http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/357697?uid=3739920&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21104885832383



Howe, Florence. "Identity and Expression: A Writing course for Women" http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/375624?uid=3739920&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21104885832383

"Women Writing about Women" http://womenwritingonwomen.blogspot.com/2011/11/normal-0-false-false-false-en-us-x-none.html
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