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BC Dairy System Diagram

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by

Chenoa L

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of BC Dairy System Diagram

Boundaries
government
Where does the BC Dairy System Begin?
motive to make money: civil security and food security
Where does the BC Dairy System End?
selling of final products and waste management
physical factors
money/capital
environmental factors
laws
quota
policies
farmland
labour
equipment
international trade
weather
Goal
turn a profit
Goal
produce high quality dairy products
-civil security: make a living for one's family
-make money on a provincial and national level
-production within quotas
-meeting government requirements
-safety: proper sanitation, storage, and processing of products
-consideration of health and well-being of the cows: routine veterinary checks, clean habitat
Goal
sustainability and
social responsibility
-production of resources on the farm: feed for the cows
-manure management: crop fertilizer, cow bedding
-prevent waste from impacting and polluting surround environment
Key Actors
farmers
consumers
retailers
Milk Marketing Board
Policies
government agencies
financial institutions
quotas
federal
provincial
local
Agriculture &
Agri-Food Canada
BC Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries
Municipal or Regional Districts
help finance farms in short term and long term
regulate health and safety of farms, land use, marketing regulations
ie. define milk, labeling, raw milk production restrictions
set quotas, determine prices
set by government to restrict production level
ie. $30 000/cow
Infrastructure
space
barn
milking parlour
sufficient space for cows to live comfortably
storage
silos
milk storage
storage of food for cows
storage before processing
processing plants
pasteurizers
homogenizers
clarifiers
for safety measures, butter fat content control
Inputs
cow feed
human labour
money
market sustainability
waste
Outputs
manure
gas emissions
energy output
result of transportation of product; natural methane gas from cows
time and money: opportunity cost
Heifers and Bull Cows sold back into the market
dairy products
manure pit
BC Dairy System
Kitzel Dairy Farm Milking Parlour
Kitzel Dairy Farm Manure Pit

Kitzel Dairy Farm Barn
Silage Storage at Kitzel Dairy Farm
Photo courtesy of Chenoa Liu
Photo courtesy of Chenoa Liu
Photo courtesy of Chenoa Liu
Photo courtesy of Chenoa Liu
manure
lactating cows
Full transcript