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Chemistry Of Life
Transcript of Chemistry Of Life
Organic compound that
consists of carbon, hydrogen
and oxygen Carbon-Chemical non-metal element on the periodic table of elements. Cellulose-Organic compound,
polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of up to ten thousand Condensation-The change of the physical state of matter from a gas to a liquid. Enzyme-Protein that creates a biological chemical reaction. Glucose-A simple monosaccharide. Hemoglobin-The iron containing substance in red blood cells that transport oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Oxygen-Chemical element. Phosphorus-Chemical element. Polymer-Macromolecule composed of repeating structural units. Proteins-Biochemical compounds consisting of one or more polypeptides. Starch-Carbohydrate consisting of a large amount of glucose units. Hormone- Substance produced in one part of an organism that affects another part of the same individual. Lipid- Macromolecule made mainly from carbon and hydrogen atoms; includes fats, oils, and waxes. Molecules- Smallest unit of most compounds. Monomer- Small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers. Monosaccharide- Single sugar molecules. RNA(Ribonucleic Acid)- single stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose. Polysaccharide- Large macromolecules formed from monosaccharides. Hydrogen-An element in organic compounds. Hydrolysis-A chemical reaction in which the interaction of a compound with water results it the decomposition of that compound. Macromolecule-A large complex molecule, such as nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, with relatively large molecular weight. Nitrogen-An element that forms many important compounds. ATP(Adenosine Triosphate)-An organic compound composed of adenosine(an adenine ring and a ribose sugar) and three phosphate groups. DNA-a double-stranded nucleic acid that contains the genetic information for cell growth, division, and function. Phospholipid-A lipid with one or more phosphate groups attached to it. Inorganic molecule-A molecule not consisting of carbon atoms. Chemistry Of Life Carbohydrates-Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen,and oxygen atoms; major source of energy for the human body. Carbon-One of the most important elements, because it is in all macromolecules. Cellulose-A polysaccharide. Condesation-The process or the state of changing a substance from gas to liquid or solid. Dehydration Synthesis-A chemical reaction that builds up molecules by losing water molecules. Elements-A substance that cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by chemical means, and is made up of atoms all with identical number of protons. Enzyme-Protein that acts as a biological catalyst. Glucose-A simple monosaccharide sugar that serves as the main source of energy and as an important metabolic substrate for most living things. Hemoglobin- Iron-containing protein in red blood cells that transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body. Organic molecule-A molecule that is normally found in or produced by living systems. A molecule that typically consists of carbon atoms in rings or long chains. Oxygen-An element in every macromolecule. Phosphorous- This element is in Amino Acids. Polymer-Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. Proteins- A marcomolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. Needed by the body for growth and repair and to make up enzymes. Starch-A polysaccharide carbohydrate.