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Causes and Effects of the Six-Day War
Transcript of Causes and Effects of the Six-Day War
A. Causes of the 6-Day War
1. Regional Causes
2. International Causes
B. Effects of the 6-Day War
1. Regional Effects
2. International Effects
Effects of the War
New political situation in the zone
Shift in the perception of Israel by other countries
Direct cause of future conficts (ex. 1973)
Diplomatic and political importance of the conflict
Extremism in nationalism and Islamic revivalism make Middle Eastern diplomacy difficult, as does Israel’s defiance of international law and lack of flexibility on a multi-state solution.
Why does Israel continue benefiting from a helpful relationship with the US, then?
DAHI, Naji. "Middle Eastern Politics." Lecture notes. 4 February 2013- 29 May 2013
KORN, David A. "The Making of United Nations Security Council Resolution 242: Centerpiece of Arab-Israeli Negotiations." Georgetown Journal of International Affairs. 1992.
LAMY, Steven. "Introductory Analysis of International Relations." Lecture notes. 18 January-15 May 2014.
MILLER, Linda B. "Values in Conflict: America, Israel, and the Palestinians." Georgetown Journal of International Affairs. 1990.
OREN Michael B. . "Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East" , 2002
During & After WWII
King David Hotel bombing
UN Partition Plan 0f 1947
Causes of the War
European Colonialism- from about 1683, until 1919, the Empire was in constant decline, while the power of the European nation state was rising. This era is best known as Britain's moment in the Middle East; Britain did the most scheming in order to claim the biggest chunk of the Empire.
During and after WWII, the United States stepped in to fulfill its role as the "grand intervener" of sorts.
How did international interference in Palestine and Israel lead to the Six Day War, and eventually to the collapse of Middle Eastern diplomacy?
Annexation of East Jerusalem: permanent tensions between Israel/the rest of the Middle East
Localized nationalisms replace sentiments of pan-Arabism or Arab nationalism
Especially Palistinian nationalism
Rise of Islamic Fundamentalism
Semite: an Arab OR a Jew. Hebrew is a Semitic language; Arabic is the last of the Semitic languages
Zionism: the ideology/belief in the support of a Jewish state in the entire land of Palestine
Arab Nationalism: the belief/ideology in an Arab nation united by a language, culture, and a common history (not religion); rather than have 22 Arab states there should be one Arab state
Islamic Revivalism: the belief that
the state under which they live must be an Islamic one
implement either parts or all of Sharia Law
people living in a Muslim state should return to the original practices of Islam
no separation of church/state
Status of international waterways leading to Israel (geo-political interests)
International support (military and economic) from US, UK and Soviet Union (political sides promotes conflict)
Evident intention from Egypt to destroy the state of Israel (both parties motivated by the international support of different powers)
Israel’s government attempts to position itself in western diplomacy as an ally (intention to create a diplomatic ideal situation to pursue territorial interests)
New perspective from the world towards Israel
International relations shift
Zionist movement in the Soviet Union
Resolution 242 from the UNSC
What is the 6-day war?
In June 1967, Israel felt threatened by President Nasser of Egypt, and launched a preemptive war against Egypt, Syria, and Jordan.
During that war, it acquired/occupied the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, East Jerusalem, the West Bank from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria
The UN responded by passing UN Security Council resolution 242 telling Israel to go back to the 1967 borders
Since then, Israel signed a peace treaty giving up the Sinai Peninsula & the Gaza Strip, but still occupies the West Bank/Golan Heights