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Millenium Goals: Progress for a new Future
Transcript of Millenium Goals: Progress for a new Future
Poverty has been reduced by:
-66% of low-middle income countries
-76% in African countries
-Average Proportion of People living in poverty declined from 52% in 1990 to 40% in 2008
-Ten African countries have halved their poverty rate
-Despite progress, there has been some setbacks, and in countries like Zimbabwe the poverty rate has risen
-There are a few sub-goals under goal 1, and one of these is to stop child malnourishment. This has been successful in reducing the number of children under five that are malnourished by 75%
-The fight against hunger is slow, especially in Africa, the rates have only improved slightly from 31% in 1990 to 28% in 2004
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme Poverty and Hunger
Target: Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.
Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education
Target: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015
Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
-Around the world the under age five mortality rate has dropped by 30% between 1990 and 2007
-95% of countries have improved their child survival rates
-Despite the progress made countries in sub-Sahara Africa such as: Cameroon, Central Africa Republic, Chad, Congo, Kenya, and Zambia have increased child mortality rates
-Immunizations have also improved greatly. In 1990 only 13% of countries reported full immunizations; in 2007 63 countries reported 90% coverage and 18 countries reported full coverage
Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality
-Maternal mortality has nearly halved since 1990 but levels are far from the 2015 goals
- The proportion on women who have access to health professionals varies from 6% (Ethiopia) to 100% in other countries.
-Nearly two-thirds of deliveries in developing countries are attended to by health professionals
-More pregnant women are receiving care at recommended frequencies, but gaps still exist in regions most in need
-Fewer teenagers are have children in most regions, but progress has slowed
-Aid to reproductive health and family planning remain low
Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health
Target: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, and to achieve by 2010 universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and other diseases
Target: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources
Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Target: Address the special needs of the least developed countries. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system. Deal comprehensively with developing countries' debt.
In cooperation with the private sector, make the benefits of communication and information available to all
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development
Many of the Millennium Goals will not be reached by 2015 because of lack of funds and the overall lack of explosive progress. For every step forward, there are steps taken backward. Progress is not always linear and can take a long time to happen. We hope that just because the deadlines pass that the UN does not give up on the Millennium Development Goals and keeps working towards a better future for all global citizens.
Millennium Development Goals
What are they?
Eight goals that are being worked on 193 UN member states and 23 international organizations in an attempt to end world poverty. The hope for these goals is that they will be completed by 2015.
Target: Halve the proportion of people whose income is less than a dollar a day by 2015, and halve the number of people who suffer from hunger.
-The enrollment rate for children has improved from 82% in 1999 to 90% in 2010
-The rates in sub-Sahara Africa have improved tremendously from 58-76%. This means that 43 million more children are enrolled in this region alone.
-In developing regions at least 95% of primary-age children were in school (2010)
-However, in 2010 it was reported that 61 million children were not attending school. More than half of them (33 million) were in Sub-Sahara Africa and another one-fifth (13 million) in Southern Asia
-In Southern Asia, Western Asia, and Northern Africa girls account for the 55, 65, and 79 per cent of out-of school children
-Illiteracy still holds back 120 million young people
-Girls enrollment in primary and secondary education has improved globally from 91% in 1999 to 97% in 2010
-Girls from the poorest households face the highest barriers to education
-Equal access to job opportunities remains a distant target for women in some countries. Women usually work in the agricultural industry, but now in developing countries a rise in temporary jobs for women has appeared
-Women continue to gain representation, but at a slow pace. January 2012 19.7% of parliamentarians worldwide were women. This amounts to a nearly 75% increase from the 1995 level of 11.3 %
Target: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
Target: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
-More people than ever are living with HIV due to fewer AIDS-related deaths and the continued large number of new infections
-Comprehensive knowledge of HIV transmission remains low among young people, along with contraceptive use
-Treatment for HIV grew at record pace in 2010, but fell short of the MDG6 target
-Access to treatment for people living with HIV expands everywhere except in Sub-Saharan Africa
Target: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
-Thanks to increased funding, more children are sleeping under mosquito nets in Sub-Saharan Africa
-The spread of tuberculosis peaked in 2002 and the rate of contraction has been declining since then
-More tuberculosis patients are successfully treated.
-Conservation action is slowing the rate at which species are moving towards extinction
-Over exploitation of marine fisheries reached a peak in 2008
Target: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
-In 2010, 89% of the world's population was using improved drinking water sources, up from the 1990 levels of 76%
-Rural areas are still far behind in water access compared to cities
-Poorer people are at a disadvantage in terms of access to clean water. Piped water is very expensive
-Despite improvement, the sanitation goal is still out of reach