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Solar Energy Group Presentation 2013
Transcript of Solar Energy Group Presentation 2013
WORK? Solar Energy The History of Solar Energy French scientist Edmond Becquerel discovers the photo voltaic effect while experimenting with electrolytic cells. 214 BC 1839 Charles Fritts, an American inventor, described the first solar cells made from selenium wafers. William J. Bailley of the Carnegie Steel Company invents a solar collector
with copper coils and an insulated box 1767 1883 1908 1958 Solar Energy & The Present 1981 2012 -
present 1982 Basic layout of a solar powered home Solar cells Solar towers Applications to solar energy Solar panels are only able to generate electricity during the daytime
Weather, pollution, clouds and buildings can also affect efficiency Another great pro of solar energy is the cost. Although the initial investment of solar cells may be high, once installed, they provide a free source of electricity, which will pay off over the coming years
We will become MUCH less dependent on the non-renewable fossil fuels that we currently use The installation of solar panels in remote locations is usually much more cost effective than laying the required high voltage wires. They can be installed virtually anywhere.
Solar battery charges can be used to store solar energy/utility grid. CONS PROS Solar panels give off LITTLE OR NO pollution ...HOWEVER, solar costs are dropping rapidly ...so there is definitely hope to further develop technology and use the infinite energy from the sun to power our world! TWO TYPES ACTIVE HEATING PASSIVE HEATING Energy from the sun’s radiation, collected and transferred, then distributed or stored for use as needed. This requires technology and panels and collectors. Passive solar design refers to the use of the sun’s energy for the heating and cooling of living spaces. It happens naturally and no technology is needed. Bos Udin 11B1299
Asst Bos Angel..a 11B3019
Princess Marlina 11B1213
Web Designer Safwanov 11B1240
Secretary Hjh Mai 11B3035
Baby Ikha 11B1197 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To generate extensive knowledge on solar energy, its types and implications.
To develop greater awareness and understanding of renewable solar energy technologies.
To study the various worldwide case studies on solar energy for a better in-depth knowledge on the topic
To determine the applicability of solar energy to Brunei based on the advantages and drawbacks from selected worldwide case studies.
To acquaint the audience with solar power using examples and interesting facts Case study: Japan Ranked 4th using solar energy using photovoltaic
Installed a total of 2633 MW PV solar energy CASE STUDY: BRUNEI DARUSSALAM Tenaga Suria Brunei (TSB) Demonstration Project is the nation's first large scale solar power plant
output capacity of 1.2MW
Location: Old Seria Power Station
The TSB Photovoltaic plant consist
of 6 different types of solar panel
CIS Thin Film
HIT How concentrating Solar Power works (CSP) ? SOLAR ARK
Annual power production: 530 000 KWh Ogishima solar power plant Capacity: 13MW
Annual power production: approx. 13,700 MWh Ukishima solar power plant
Capacity: 7 MW
Annual power production: Approx. 7,400 MWh Picture of Solar power plant Ukushima solar power plant Ogishima solar power plant Komekurayama solar power plant Capacity: 10 MW
Annual power production: Approx. 12,000 MWh Case study: Germany Brandenburg-Briest Solar Park
Capacity: 91 MW
Location: West of Berlin
383,000 Templin Solar Park
Capacity: 130 MW
Location: North East of Berlin
Photovoltaic modules: 1,500,000 Neuhardenberg Solar Park
Capacity: 145 MW
Location: East of Berlin
600,000 Solarpark Alt Daber
Capacity: 70 MW
Location: North-West of Berlin
850,000 Case study: Germany
One of the world’s largest generators of solar electricity.
World’s top photovoltaic (PV) installer.
More than 15 PV power stations.
Roughly 10000 MW in total. CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER (CSP)
3 types of CSP:
Solar parabolic through
Solar dish engine
Solar power tower CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER (CSP) Parabolic solar trough Solar Dish Engine CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER (CSP) Solar Power Tower CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER (CSP) Systems use mirrors or lenses to concentrate a large area of sunlight onto a small area.
Electrical power is produced when the concentrated light is converted to heat.
The heat drives a heat engine (steam turbine) connected to an electrical power generator. Archimedes used bronze shields to reflect sunlight to set fire to Roman ships A Swiss scientist named Horace-Benedict de Saussure created the first solar collector – an insulated box covered with three layers of glass to absorb heat energy widely known as the first solar oven, Solar power was used to power space exploration equipment such as satellites and space stations. Paul Macready produced the first solar powered aircraft which used more than 1600 cells, placed on its wings and flew from France to England. Development of the first solar powered cars in Australia. The past few years have seen enormous investment in utility-scale solar plants, with records for the largest frequently being broken of around 200 megawatts in China and 605 megawatts in India. A SOLAR PANEL is packaged, connected assembly of
PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS It is also known as solar cell, defined as an electrical device that converts light energy directly into electricity by photovoltaic effect. MAIN TYPES OF
SOLAR PANELS Polycrystalline cell Amorphous Silicon
Cell Monocrystalline Cell Step 2: Wafering Step 3: Solar Cell Production Step 1: Crystal Growing Step 4: Solar Panel Assembly HOW SOLAR PANELS ARE MADE? This involves four main types THE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
* To identify the most suitable and high performance PV technology for the local meteorological conditions
* To develop capacity building including technical expertise
* To increase public awareness of new, alternative and renewable energy
* To accumulate data that can be used to assist the Government in formulating policies on renewable energy
* To demonstrate Brunei's commitment towards developing and promoting new and renewable energy CONCLUSION "The solar energy that hits one square mile in a year is equivalent to 4 million barrels of oil." Development of solar energy requires an accurate detailed long term knowledge of the potential taking into account seasonal variations. WORLD'S POTENTIAL SOLAR POWER MAP WORLD'S ENERGY CONSUMPTION SOLAR PV GENERATION CAPACITY PROPER INSTALLATION OF SOLAR PANEL To ensure solar panel receive maximum solar power, the following guidelines is required to do so:
Tracking device THE END Solar Parabolic Trough Solar Dish Engine Low-cost maintenance
Flexible Solar panels are susceptible to damage from the constant bombardment of UV rays, dirt and sand. (Graph of Year-GW of solar PV generation Capacity) One of the largest PV plant in South East Asia
a THREE years project period (2011-2013)
jointly conducted by Department of Electrical Services Brunei (DES) and Mitsubishi Corporation, supported by Japan AE Power Systems
Mitsubishi Corporation provide DES personnel with technical expertise on operating and maintaining PV power generation plants
Done through on-the-job training and capacity building classes FOSSIL FUELS: Pollution
WIND ENERGY: Noise Pollution
NUCLEAR ENERGY: Radioactive waste disposal
HYDROPOWER: Flooding in large areas destroy habitat
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY: Geothermal sites may contain some poisonous gases escaped through the holes
BIOMASS: Unpleasant smell can attract unwanted pests that spread bacteria. SOLAR ENERGY
Little waste disposal as 95% of the solar panels can be recycled. COMPARISONS TO OTHER ENERGY SOURCES ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS solar energy