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Sheen's Corrective Feedback in ESL
Transcript of Sheen's Corrective Feedback in ESL
Withholding the correct form pushes learners to stretch their 'interlanguages' (Ammar & Spada; Lyster)
Metalinguistic CF is effective ( Lyster, 2004 and Ellis et al., 2006)
Writing is not 'an end in itself' (Reichelt, 2001)
Sheen - explicit oral and written feedback works! What the research says about CF 1. Oral recast
2. Oral metalinguistic correction
3. Written direct correction
4. Written metalinguistic correction
(Sheen p. 212-213) 4 Types of Corrective Feedback (CF) Oral recasts / written direct correction
Oral metalinguistic correction / written metalinguistic correction
Fill the gap Goals of Sheen's study: Oral CF Written CF
1. Corrective feedback may or may not be clear Corrective feedback is clear
2. Immediate (online) Delayed (offline)
3. Individuals and class hears the CF Individual sees the CF
4. Multiple CF Limited CF Differences between oral and written CF According to Sheen, combining oral and written CF optimizes learners' processing of the feedback
Which expedites L2 learning
(Sheen p. 210) Sheen's Reasoning: Why study this? 177 intermediate students (n =143)
with 11 different languages
varying educational backgrounds Sheen's Study:
4 types of CF were used
stories: Aesop and Sheen's story
pretest, treatment, post-test, delayed post-test 2 weeks
2 treatment sessons
30-min narrative task The study's results and discussions Metalinguistic CF is most effective
Schmidt (1995, 2001) - Two Notions of Awareness
Noticing and understanding
"Noticing is a crucial step towards acquisition, but understanding can lead to deeper and greater learning"
(Sheen p. 225) Significance of Metalinguistic CF Inspector Clouseau Learns English...
THINK-PAIR-SHARE: Why Isn't This Working?! 1. Which type(s) of CF have you found effective in your classrooms ? Why?
2. In light of Sheen's research, will you do anything differently now that you know more about the differences between oral and written CF?
3. Discuss criticisms of Sheen's study and/or possible difficulties in researching CF. Let's Discuss Which types of oral and written corrective feedback
do you think are the most effective and why? Guiding question to think about: Not surprisingly, results reveal that written direct correction was superior to oral recasts
Students weren't aware that they were being corrected (during oral recasts)
Both oral and written metalinguistic CF was effective
Explicit CF effective Differential Effects of Oral and Written Corrective Feedback
in the ESL Classroom (Sheen, 2010) Sheen's Corrective Feedback Presentation: Daphne Berky and Stacey Bliss
EDUC 5380, October 25, 2012
York University Research Details Sheen's Corrective Feedback How much time? Testing Instruments 1. Speeded Dictation
2. Writing Test
3. Error Correction Test Exit Questionnaire Oral recasts - 0% awareness
Written Direct CF - 25%
Oral Metalinguistic - 35%
Written Metalinguistic - 52% Questionnaire Results