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Civil War

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Lucas Jia

on 6 May 2014

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Transcript of Civil War

Civil War

The Civil war resulted in 620,000 deaths, which made the Civil War the bloodiest war for American soldiers. This war had more American casualties than World War II, World War I, the Vietnam War, and the Korean War casualties combined.

Social Effects of The Casualties
The Ten Bloodiest Battles of the Civil War
Vicksburg- 19,233
Second Bull Run- 22,180
Antietam- 22,717
Stones River- 23,515
Shiloh- 23,746
Chancellorsville- 24,000
The Wilderness- 29,800
Chickamauga- 34,624
Gettysburg- 51,000

The North and the South were not evenly matched at all. The North was much more equipped to carry on a long-lasting war which was about to unfold. The North had the economic advantage while the South had the social advantage. With the economic advantage, the North pushed through the immense casualties and the cost of the war and won the Civil War.
The Advantages of the South
By now you might have thought the North was the dominant force in the Civil War. Do not fear! The South had a few advantages. One of these advantages that the South had was that they were fighting for their preservation of their own lifestyle. Unlike the North, the South had an extremely strong and personal motive to fight in the war. Having a more personal motive to fight in the war would lead to better morale in the war, and also more intense soldiers for the war. Another advantage the South had was their enormous amount of large farms. While most of these farms grew cotton, some farms also made food, which gave the South the advantage in food production. Yet another advantage the South had was a enormous amount of available officers. This advantage was reflected in the early Southern victories and the fact that 7 out of the 8 military colleges in the United States were in the South.
The Advantages of the North
The North had immense economic advantages such as an immense railroad system compared to the South. For every 3 miles of railroad the South had, the North had 7 miles of railroad. This immense railroad system allowed the North to transport soldiers and supplies more quickly than the South. Another advantage the North had was an enormous amount of GDP,gross domestic product, or the total amount of manufactured goods produced. For every single dollar of GDP the South had, the North had an immense $3. More GDP meant more money to spend on the war. Yet another economic advantage the North had was having an immense amount of iron compared to the South. For every 1 lb or iron the South made, the North made an immense amount of 11.5 lb of iron . This iron could be used for ironclads so as a result the North had naval superiority the entire war. Another economic advantage the North had was in population. For every 3 people the South had, the North had 7 people. Having more people allowed the North to have more soldiers which would lead to ground superiority. Another enormous economic advantage the North had was in manufacturing in rifles. For every Southern firearm the South had , the North had 32 rifles produced. The advantage gained from this is that the North could supply more men with rifles to inflict more casualties on the South, furthering increasing the Northern advantage of men. Another important part of the war was a soldier's uniform, the specific advantage was the cloth used to make the uniforms. For every 1 square foot of cloth the South had, the North had 15 square feet of cloth. While the advantage gained from having more uniforms might not seem evident at first, having more uniforms would lead to better morale, less deserters, and therefore more soldiers. Gunpowder was an necessity for the war and the North had a clear advantage in this. Neither the North nor the South could make the ingredients for gunpowder, so the North and the South had to import the ingredients. Due to the naval superiority of the North, they controlled the seas and therefore the flow of gunpowder.
Negative Impact
on the South
- Slaves being freed and men being killed during the war led to lack of manpower which was the backbone of the South’s agricultural economy. The fields were unable to be sufficiently farmed without the slaves.

- During the war, the Union soldiers had destroyed their infrastructure due
to total warfare homes, cotton gins, railroads. The South didn’t have the resources to maintain stability. Reconstruction Period.

- The economy was devastated due to having little exports because of Union blockades cutting off the trade routes to foreign countries

- Less immigrants came to the US due to the South’s complete devastation

- Lost their banking system and currency reserves; funds. Effect: Confederacy forced to print money which led to inflation because the central government couldn't enforce taxes.

Overall: Lost men, lost supplies and lost money
Positive Economic
Impact for the North
- Increased amount of railroads because they became built with federal government support. This attracted immigration and helped the North prosper.

- Held all the currency reserves which were used to back paper money. The North got more and more money while the South suffered from inflation.

- Immigration increased because of the North’s success. More immigrants led to even more money, enriching their resources, while the South struggled.

-North still had an excellent workforce due to many in the military returning to work keeping the economy safe

Overall: More political and economic power

Impact of War on the Economy
Differences Between The North and The South
Not only was the war devastating for the economy, the war was devastating on the society. One of every 13 veterans who did survive the war was an amputee. Around one of every 5 Southern white males 13-43 years old was killed. This drop in healthy males in the South led to a drop in income which was as extreme as a Southern person only having 40% of a similar Northern person. This drop in income was also fueled by the fact that the South had virtually no production due to the lack of healthy workers and the fact that slavery was abolished.
Naval Battles
The bloodiest battles of the Civil War were on the ground and were the bloodiest battles for many reasons, however naval battles still count towards the total casualties. At The Battle of Hampton Roads, 240 sailors perished. This battle was the bloodiest naval battle up until Pearl Harbor. This naval battle had more casualties than all of the World War I naval battles, which involved revolutionary new ships and submarines.
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