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Housing and Flags in Tunisia, Ukraine, India and Peru
Transcript of Housing and Flags in Tunisia, Ukraine, India and Peru
About 45% of all housing is considered to be of modern construction, including detached apartment complexes and villas.
Housing in Tunisia
Symbolism- the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.
But what do these flags mean?
The blue and yellow flag was adopted for official ceremonies in September 1991 following Ukrainian independence.
The colors in the Ukrainian flag represent golden fields of grain under a clear blue sky, appropriate for a country known as the "bread basket" of its area.
The red and white flag of Tunisia was adopted as national flag in 1959.
The red five-pointed star; resembles the Ottoman flag (red banner with white crescent and star) and recalls Tunisia's history as part of the Ottoman Empire.
Red stands for war and white represents peace.
Gandhi first proposed a flag to the Indian National Congress in 1921.
In the center is a traditional spinning wheel, symbolizing Gandhi's goal of making Indians self-reliant by fabricating their own clothing.
Orange represents interest in work
White is path of truth
Green is relation to the soil/plant life.
The flag of Peru was adopted by the government
Red represents the losses from the fight for independence, and white represents peace and bravery.
The symbol in the middle has three main elements: the top left section shows the vicuña, the national animal. The tree in the top right section is the cinchona tree (the source of quinine, a powerful anti-malarial drug). The bottom cornucopia with coins spilling from it, on a red field, represents the mineral resources of the country.
Elizabeth II, proclaimed the new flag on January 28, 1965.
Before the coming of the first European settlers, Canada's aboriginal peoples had discovered the food properties of maple sap. They gathered this sap every spring.
Many historians say that the maple leaf began to serve as a Canadian symbol as early as 1700.
1- Peruvians come from? pg.28
2- Pysanky come from? pg. 38
3- What country has a family festival known as Raksha Bandhan? pg. 42
4- Which country has the panchayat council? pg 81
5- Has a drought every 3-4 years? pg 95
6- In this country farmers grow corn, sunflowers, and sugar beets on the steppe (a grassy plain)? pg. 99
7- Has floods and landslides because trees have been cut down? pg. 100
8- The southern region of this country is called the Deccam Plateau? pg. 103
9- "Has large deposits of Phosphate? pg. 117
10- Most people here make their living from farming? pg. 123
Board Matching for textbook overview
(after cutting out the flags)
Cut out all flags from your individual papers.
using handwriting list the facts of the flag on the back of each flag in point form.
Despite Canada's vast size, only a very small fraction of the land is actually used for human habitation. The majority of Canadians live in large urban centres within 200 kilometres of the Southern border. The most populous cities are Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, Ottawa and Calgary.
Many people in Ukraine live in villages.They grow their own food and have a cow for milk and chickens for eggs. This allows those that live in the country to be more self sufficient.
This is a picture of the Ukrainian countryside outside of Kiev.
Housing in Ukraine
understand the different meanings behind the creation of the different flags.
demonstrate handwriting of the flags facts and color in the flags.
compare and contrast the different flags to the other country flags discussed, including Canada.
use the course textbook to find certain pieces of information.
-Population of about 23 million -Divided almost equally between the highlands and the population centers of the coast -Division marks a sharp cultural as well as geographic divide.
-The inland regions are marked by extreme poverty and subsistence agriculture
-Fertile river valleys of the lowlands have produced a wealthier culture.
Housing in Peru
Housing varies from palaces of erstwhile maharajas in Rajasthan to modern apartment buildings in big cities to tiny huts in far-flung villages. There has been tremendous growth in India's housing sector as incomes have risen.
Housing in India
identify several major points of housing in each individual country
compare and contrast each country (including Canada).
Individually find answers from course textbooks.
(put the question number on the back of the flag card that it matches.)
The houses do not have running water but most of them have electricity and gas. The city turns heating on and off every year. Also, the hot water gets turned off during the summer so that repairs can be done.
Although the houses are simple, they are often decorated with pictures and embroidery.
The largest city in the Ukraine is Kiev. This is also the country's capital. Kiev has a total population of around 3.5 million people. This requires a lot of housing. A majority of Ukrainians in large cities live in apartments. This helps to save on costs. The more wealthy Ukrainians have a дача (dacha, a summer house in the countryside). This allows them to frequently escape to their dachas for fresh air on the weekends.
-Twigs, branches and straw bales are covered in clay to form the walls of a solid modern home.
-Tradition that has been used for centuries in the Ukraine
- Extremely cost effective
- Good insulation in the winter time
Reemergence of Traditional Housing Methods
Panoramic view of the capital city.
Apartments are common because housing costs are extremely high in the Ukraine. The more people that one can fit into an apartment, the cheaper the cost. This is a picture of the tiny elevators in one of the apartments.
The roofs of this country's houses are usually pointed. This ensures that rain or snow does not build up. Snowstorms are possible in this country in winter months. This requires good insulation throughout the home.
Outside of the Houses
The Ukrainian culture is often demonstrated through the beautiful colors of their houses. The unique vibrant colors on the outside of many houses is a cultural tradition that many Ukrainians have carried on in the details of their homes.
Housing and culture
About 54% of all housing is of traditional construction, such as an Arabic-style home.
Matmâta and other desert settlements in Tunisia have wonderful underground homes built to avoid the harsh climate.
What weather would these homes help to protect from?
The homes are made by digging a large pit some 7m deep and 10m wide and then, around the sides of the pit, tunnelling in a few meters before cutting artificial caves.
Matmâta, and a handful of similar towns across Tunisia, are situated on a shelf of sandstone that is soft enough to excavate with hand tools, but sturdy enough to provide homes for centuries. Making these homes has become a unique tradition for the people of the country.
One of the most eye catching views in Tunisia’s beautiful architecture is the doors.These traditional doors are usually huge and made of wood, but they normally have a smaller door within the doorway. The houses themselves would typically be unadorned, but wealth of the house owner was known to be displayed by the size and adornment of the house’s doorway. The most common colors for them are blue and yellow.
Culture of Housing
The fingers of the hand represent the five pillars of Islam. It’s called a khomsa – it’s the same as the Arabic word for five.”
The symbols are believed to ward off evil from their homes.
Hand Paintings Above Doors
Generally, buildings in Tunisia are painted white with blue trim.
This is because those are the traditional colors of the country.
There are two distinct styles of urban housing. They are medina houses and ville nouvelle houses.
The medina houses contain magnificent examples of traditional Islamic urban architecture.
Urban Housing (Medina)
The ville nouvelle is a much different style. This is more modern. Most have tall buildings, shuttered windows and balconies.
Urban Housing (ville nouvelle)
There are a wide variety of houses in Canada. One of the greatest factors for style is the weather conditions in the area. In the North the houses need to be able to withstand the extremely cold climate. Whereas on the coast the houses may need to be able to withstand the large amounts of rain. Canada's vast climate makes housing unique to the area.
What kinds of houses are there?
In large Canadian cities many of the houses are built to be very similar on the outside. Usually construction companies build houses in the same neighborhood with a similar style.
The process of building a house in Canada requires a lot of manpower and time.
How our houses are built
Outside of the city many of the houses are built similar as well. Property costs tend to be lower when farther from the city. This makes it more affordable to have single houses instead of cost efficient apartments. Large Canadian cities try to make as much use of living space as possible.
With more and more people moving to the cities the distance between rural houses in expanding.
In the far north, igloos were built from snow and ice because snow and ice
provided excellent sources of insulation against the wind and the cold, and were
extremely durable. The entrances to the igloos were tunneled and bent in order to
trap the cold and exclude it from the interiors of the dwellings.
Culture in Housing
Farther south, the teepees and wigwams of the Plains First Nations and Algonquins were constructed of animal skins and were conical in shape with entrances pointing east in order to
provide warmth, protection against strong westerly winds, and ease of movement
from one area to another as they searched for food. The longhouses of the Hurons
and the Iroquois were built of saplings and covered with bark. They often housed
eight to ten families, and stretched more than half a football field in length.
Why is a majority of the population along the Southern border?
-What are Canadian houses like usually?
-What factors contribute to most Canadian houses being located near the Southern border?
-What things influence the different styles of houses in Canada?
-What are two traditional forms of Canadian housing?
Quick Review Canada
-What is unique about Ukrainian houses?
-What are most Ukrainian country houses made out of? (recent modern ones as well now)
-Where are most Ukrainian homes located?
-Bonus points: What was a dacha?
Quick Review Ukraine
Lack of opportunities for rural people has caused a massive migration to urban centers, where market activity offers greater livelihood options. Today, three out of four Peruvians reside in and around urban areas.
-Rural poor by necessity must conduct their affairs without certain instruments of pleasure and work.
-Electric irons, blenders, televisions, and radiocassette tape players are desired
-25 percent of all Peruvian households possess none of these things.
-Majority of households (more than 50 percent) lacking modern appliances were in the rural areas of the Andes.
For centuries Peruvians have used the mountains to carve out workable farmland. The difficult terrain is just one of many challenges farmers face, and many struggle to grow enough food for their families. New programs try to help advance rural development in order to maintain higher self sufficiency.
The urban space, especially that of Lima, changed rapidly in the last thirty years. Lima has experienced a significant increase of its population as a result of inner migrations and the creation of shanty towns ( pueblos jóvenes ) around its perimeter. People take over abandoned lands just outside the city limits and overnight construct flimsy homes of aluminum steel, plywood, and other malleable materials.
Urban housing has is grown greatly. The most modern forms of housing can be found here. This is because a majority of the country's wealth is kept in the cities and not usually distributed throughout the country evenly.
This is a city in the Andean highland. From this we can see the financial difference between the cities through the building materials that are used.
Almost half of the population of Peru is pure Quechua, the Indian descendants of the Incas. The culture of the land strongly reflects the influence of the Incas. The Incas were a highly organized and civilized people. They were skilled in stonework, engineering, weaving, farming, the working of gold and silver and the building of roads. The site of Machu Picchu represents the ancient traditional housing of Peru.
Culture Behind Housing
The strategic location adds to the protection of the city: the Incas could observe potential enemy forces moving below in the valley, but those below could not see that there is a city on top.
All rocks used were split perfectly and the bricks were put together like a huge puzzle.
Some of the bricks are so tightly put together that one cannot even put a knife between them.
This picture is of Cuzco Peru. The wealth of the city is demonstrated through the appearance of its houses.
This is a picture of Lima Peru,
What can we notice about its geographic location from the picture?
-What is unique bout Tunisian houses?
-What can you tell about door decorations or door sizing?
-What colour is common in Tunisian houses?
-What materials are used to construct the houses? How do these materials compare to other country's houses?
-What is a medina house and what is a ville nouvelle houses
-What factors contribute to the style of Tunisian housing
Quick Review Tunisia
-Indian culture influences how Indian homes are organized.
-A common traditional structure is for the extended family to live in the same house.
-This is what is known as a joint family.
-In joint families, women live with their in-laws after marriage.
Despite the recent economic growth, there is still vast poverty and unemployment.
-As a result, poor housing conditions for a huge section of the population.
-With available space at a premium, working-class Mumbai residents often reside in cramped and poor quality, yet relatively expensive housing, usually far from workplaces.
-Despite this, Mumbai's economic boom continues to attract migrants in search of opportunities from across the country.
With rising incomes, many residents of slums and chawls now have modern amenities such as mobile phones, access to electricity, often illegally, and television. There is a vast division of classes that can be seen through the housing.
Gond tribe is one of the main tribes of Madhya Pradesh and is found in the Narna village that lies on the fringes of Kanha forest. It is an eco-village where house are built with mud using water and dried chaff.
Culture in Housing
It is estimated to have taken more than 22,000 people to build this impressive building including labourers, painters, stonecutters, embroidery artists, and many others.
The Taj Mahal takes on different colouring at different times of the day, from a pinkish hue in the morning, milky white in the evening and golden at night when lit by the moon. They say the changing colour resembles the changing mood of females - in particular the Emperor's queen.
Built in memory of the Emperors third and most favourite wife Mumtāz Mahal, the Taj Mahal took 17 years to be completed.
The four sides of the Taj Mahal are perfectly identical creating an astonishingly mirrored image on each side. It uses the principles of self-replicating geometry and symmetry of architectural elements.
The Taj Mahal is surrounded by significant gardens and a number of other buildings including a mosque and guest houses which make up the 17 hectares of land within the complex walls.
The full height of the Taj Mahal is 171 metres (561 feet).
More than 1,000 elephants were employed to transport the construction materials used to build the Taj.
The Taj Mahal is regarded by many as the best example of Mughal architecture and is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India". It is one of the world’s most celebrated structures and a symbol of India’s rich history. The Taj Mahal attracts some 3 million visitors a year!
-A major reason for the organization of living and housing in India is to try to cope with overpopulation.
-India is a country that has one of the greatest populations in the world.
-In 2013 the population of India was 1.252 billion.
-In perspective Canada is only around 35.16 million people. This number continues to grow and affordable as well as compact housing continues to be essential for future development.
-Villages in India may be considered as a natural outcome of physical and cultural setting.
-They do not possess well-defined shapes and a distinct internal plan.
-The most common shape of the village is rectangular.
-One of the main reasons for this pattern is the original rectangular shape of cultivated fields.
The Imperial is a twin-tower residential skyscraper complex in Mumbai, India that are the tallest completed buildings in the country. Both towers are over 400 meters tall!
What are shanty towns?
Why are they used?
Where would you imagine this city to be located in Peru?
What country is this similar to?