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The Water Cycle

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lindsey jacobson

on 15 November 2013

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Transcript of The Water Cycle

The Water Cycle
Works Cited
"Transpiration - Water Movement through Plants." Plant and Soil Sciences ELibrary. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
"Transpiration." Transpiration. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
"Transpiration:transfer of Water from Plants to the Atmosphere." Transpiration:transfer of Water from Plants to the Atmosphere. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2013.
"UCSB Science Line Sqtest." UCSB Science Line Sqtest. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
"UCSB Science Line Sqtest." UCSB Science Line Sqtest. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
"Water Cycle." - National Geographic Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2013.
"The Water Cycle: Transpiration." , from USGS Water-Science School. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2013.
"What Is Plant Transpiration?" What Is Plant Transpiration? N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
What is Transpiration?
Transpiration is the process in which
moisture is brought through roots to
pores on the underside of leaves. Then
the water changes to vapor and is
released into the atmosphere.
Transpiration in essentially the
evaporation of water from plants.
Transpiration is responsible
for about 10% of all
evaporated water.
What is transpiration's role in the water cycle
How does transpiration work?
~ One acre of corn can give off 3000-4000 gallons of water daily.
~ Windy and dry conditions increases the rate of transpiration in plants.
~ The rate of transpiration also depends on sunlight, soil water, and temperature.
~ About 90% of water absorbed by the plant is transpired, the rest is used for photosynthesis.

Groundwater is the water found under the earth's surface.This water gets here after precipitation or runoff sinks into the soil of the earth and stays there.
What is runoff?
What Is Condensation?
What is runoff's role in the water cycle?
Molecular Movement
In transpiration, water moves from a liquid molecule
which is absorbed from the ground into the plant.
Then it changes into a gas molecule (vapor) which is released by the plant to float in the atmosphere. This is because when the molecules heat up they gain energy allowing them to move faster. This continues until they move far enough apart to break the bonds between the molecules that keep it liquid
causing it to turn to gas and to ob-
tain its properties.
Interesting Facts
Runoff into the ocean:
Plants take in groundwater in order to drink and get nutrients. Then
the goes up to the leaves and is eventually pulled out the leaves
and evaporates into the air. The water vapor that is now in
the atmosphere continues through the water cycle
through condensation until it eventually
comes back around the cycle.
Groundwater comes from the water from precipitation and runoff that sinks into the earth. Groundwater also travels to the roots of plants, and when the plants absorb the water, it can then be given off as transpiration through the leaves. Groundwater also contributes to the waters of the ocean.
Fun Facts
Condensation can also occur on plants
Evaporation in the Water Cycle
Runoff Pollution:
Molecule Movement
During the process of condensation, water molecules start to slow down and lose energy. Due to the lack of energy, molecules start to move in causing the water movement to be limited.
Condensation is the process of water vapor in the atmosphere condensing from a gas form to a liquid form.
Role in the Water Cycle
As water vapor enters the atmosphere, the molecules want to condense into liquid form. Most vapor condenses into clouds, where it grows too heavy and falls as precipitation.
Process of Condensation
• "Condensation:the Conversion of Water from a Gas into a Liquid." Condensation:the Conversion of Water from a Gas into a Liquid. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/(Gh)/guides/mtr/hyd/cond/home.rxml>.
• "The Contribution of Condensation to the Water Cycle under High-mountain Conditions." - De Jong. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hyp.5893/abstract>.
• "KidZone ScienceThe Water Cycle." The Water Cycle. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.kidzone.ws/water/>.
• "The Phases of Matter." Phases of Matter, Solids, Liquids, Gases, Plasma. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.splung.com/content/sid/6/page/phasesofmatter>.
• "USATODAY.com." USATODAY.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/weather/tg/wevapcon/wevapcon.htm>.
• "The Water Cycle | Climate Education Modules for K-12." The Water Cycle | Climate Education Modules for K-12. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.nc-climate.ncsu.edu/edu/k12/.watercycle>.
• "The Water Cycle." Precipitation Measurement Missions. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://pmm.nasa.gov/education/water-cycle>.
• "The Water Cycle." The Water Cycle. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://ellerbruch.nmu.edu/classes/cs255f02/cs255students/abarker/P4/watercycle.html>.
• "Watercycle." Watercycle. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://roble.pntic.mec.es/rmac0040/watercycle.html>.

An average family creates 20 pints of moisture every day
About 49.63 inches of water is condensed in clouds annually in Charlotte North Carolina, which then falls as precipitation.
As the evaporated water vapor eventually cools through condensation in the atmosphere it returns to the liquid state which then is released as precipitation.
Water moves from
the soil into the pl-
ant roots. The water
then moves up the stem
through capillary action and is
brought to the leaves. The wa-
is ter warmed by the
sun and turns to vapor. It then exits
the plant through thousands of tiny pores
called stomata (mostly on the underside
of leaves). This is similar to sweat.
What is Evaporation and how does it work?
Molecule movement
Evaporation plays a key role in the water cycle. Without it the water cycle would not function. After water falls as precipitation and runs into body's of water it must evaporate in order to cond- ense again and then fall back to the earth. If it didn't evaporate then it would probably all event- ually run into the ocean. There would be no fresh water to
drink because it all would
be to salty.

The Oceans Role in Evaporation
A Project By...


In evaporation the molecules start off as a liquid. They then are heated and begin moving faster and faster. They also spread farther apart. Eventually they move so fast and spread so much that they break away from the liquid water. This leaves behind any other molecule as well, such as salt. The molecules now have become a gas in the form of water vapor and later will form condensation in the sky.
Evaporation is a process in which liquid water changes into a gas in the form of water vapor. It works when some form of heat energy (normally the sun) warms water.It causes molecules to spread apart and move faster becoming a gas and forming condensation (clouds) in the sky.Without it, we would not have fresh water because when water evaporates it doesn't bring particles such as salt with it. It renews the cycle.
The ocean is very important to the water cycle. Approximately 80% of all water in evaporation comes
from the ocean. The other 20% comes from inland
sources and vegetation (through transpiration).
Fun Facts!
The Suns Role in Evaporation
The sun is very important to
evaporation because it is what
heats the water outside to cause it to be able to turn into a
vapor in the first place. Yes you
can heat water on a stove and see the steam as it evaporates. But for the water cycle to have enough water you'd have to have more water then that and it would be hard to heat the entire ocean on your stove. And remember that's where 80% of the water comes from..
~"Get Informed." The Groundwater Foundation : : The Basics : What Is Groundwater. The Groundwater Foundation, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.groundwater.org/get-informed/basics/whatis.html>.

~"Get Informed." What Is Groundwater. The Groundwater Foundation, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.groundwater.org/get-informed/basics/groundwater.html>.

~"Groundwater." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 13 Nov. 2013. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groundwater>.

~"National Ground Water Association." The Hydrologic Cycle. National Groundwater Association, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.ngwa.org/Fundamentals/hydrology/Pages/The-hydrologic-cycle.aspx>.

~N.p., n.d. Web.

~"The Water Cycle Free Presentations." Feedio.net. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.bcwater.org/images/WiDNRgroundwater.gif>.
As evaporation occurs waters temperature increases.
Each day the sun evaporates about 1,000,000,000,000 (a trillion) tons of water.
A single birch tree will give off 70 gallons of water per day in evaporation.
Molecule Movement
Role In the Water Cycle
The movement of water molecules in the ground being groundwater can vary depending on the region and its normal temperatures. Therefore, the molecule movement would also vary, but the movement of the water would be close to the movement of water when normally at room temperature or when cold. When water is cold, the movement of the molecules are restricted, or at least more restricted when they are at room temperature. Another form of groundwater is permafrost, a kind of frozen soil. This form would have even more restricted movement than the cold water.
Groundwater and the Ocean
When a good supply of water accumulates in the ground, the water will eventually leak out to meet the ocean. The groundwater that runs into the ocean can then be evaporated by the sun.
Precipitation is water released from clouds in the form of rain, freezing rain, sleet, snow, or hail. It is the primary connection in the water cycle that provides for the delivery of atmospheric water to the Earth. Most precipitation falls as rain.
"Fast Facts - Preventing Runoff Pollution." Fast Facts - Preventing Runoff Pollution. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.

ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.

"Stormwater FAQs." Stormwater FAQs. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.

"Water Quality Facts." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.
When precipitation falls over the land surface, it follows various routes in its subsequent paths. Some of it evaporates, returning to the atmosphere; some seeps into the ground as soil moisture or groundwater; and some runs off into rivers and streams. Almost all of the water eventually flows into the oceans or other bodies of water, where the cycle continues. At different stages of the cycle, some of the water is intercepted by humans or other life forms for drinking, washing, irrigating, and a large variety of other uses.
Role in the Water cycle

Rain falls from the sky. If it falls from the sky then it is in motion. If it is in motion then we have kinetic energy. If we have any form of energy, then there could be a way to transform it into another form. In a nutshell, this has been the core foundation for the discovery of rain energy made by scientists at the atomic energy commission in Grenoble, France. Rain energy is basically the force that rain drops have as they accelerate towards the ground
Works Cited
Crisostomo, Christian. "Rain Energy: Power from the Cloudy Heavens." The Environmental Blog. N.p., 22 Dec. 2011. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. <http://www.theenvironmentalblog.org/2011/12/rain-energy-power-cloudy-heavens/>.

Pearlman, Howard. "The Water Cycle: Precipitation." , from USGS Water-Science School. N.p., 23 May 2013. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. <http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watercycleprecipitation.html>.

Przyborski, Paul. "The Water Cycle : Feature Articles." The Water Cycle : Feature Articles. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. <http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Water/page2.php>.

"Evaporation of Liquids." Chem4Kids.com: Matter: Evaporation. 14 Nov. 2013 <http://www.chem4kids.com/files/matter_evap.html>.

"Evaporation:the conversion of water from a liquid into a gas." Evaporation:the conversion of water from a liquid into a gas. 14 Nov. 2013 <http://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/(Gh)/guides/mtr/hyd/evap.rxml>.

"Kids." Clean Water Clear Choice. 14 Nov. 2013 <http://www.cleanwaterways.org/kids/fun_facts.html>.

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