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Transcript of Identity
Identity Through Perception of Self-Esteem
Presentation and Identity
Culture and Upbringing
Identity through the Media and Stereotypes
The Looking Glass Self
Presentation and Identity
How Others Perceive You
How you Perceive Others
How You Perceive Yourself
Individualistic vs. Collectivist
Identity: Social categories that we and others identify as important characteristics of who we are.
Perception: process of acquiring and interpreting information from sensory data
What is self-respect? Self-esteem? Confidence?
Development of Self-Esteem
Perception Influences Behavior: Negative Self-esteem
Perception Influences Behavior: Positive Self-esteem
self-esteem: evaluation; measurement of certain values
self-respect: acceptance of who you are
confidence: belief that you have certain ability
As child, learned if needs/wants are important or not
then, influenced in school and by peers' evaluation
older, must rely on self given value
use cues from others to keep significant interpersonal relationships
may act inadequate if belief is there
not trusting of self, so rely/easily influenced by others
criticisms add to inadequate belief
illness from stress; prone to depression, anxiety, eating disorders, etc.
may act adequate if belief is there
criticisms make positive changes
independence and trusting of self
optimists shown to be physically and mentally healthier
arrogance may occur
Social Identity vs. Personal Identity
self-image = mental picture
social: "one" with image of others due to groups/roles involved in
personal: everyday choices and body image
Changing Perception of Identity
mindfulness: accept present moment and not look to future for value
look at response, not at what is happening
focus on respect, not esteem
look at what value measures, not the specific value placed
Concept of self
stereotype: to believe unfairly that all people or things with a particular characteristic are the same.
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Erickson’s 8 Stages of Psychology
Nuclear vs. Extended Families
The way that we present ourselves to the world through personal appearance and artifacts.
"The way others people's perceptions of us define our perceptions of ourselves"
There are many aspects of our identity that are completely out of our control. These aspects of our identity, even though we cannot change them, still effect the way that other people perceive us and the way that we perceive ourselves.
Chronic illness impacts your standpoint, or the perspective from which you view the world.
Adopting the sick person role.
Becoming a patient over a person
We asked people some questions about the importance of personal presentation with regards to identity. Here's what we found:
How do they relate?