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Transcript of Persuasive Texts
*They discuss a problem and offer resolutions for the problem. *When reading or listening to a speech, you are looking for the central argument.
*What are they fighting for? *Arguments are supported with:
-quotes Strategies are used when giving speeches:
-cause and effect
-authority Cause and Effect:
*speakers use cause and effect to help support their cause. Example:
Due to the population in America, the amount of pollution has increased. Authority:
*people of high power will give arguments to fight for what they believe in. Example:
Presidents, public leaders, or celebrities Analogies:
*These will compare what is similar about two things that are otherwise different. Example:
"Your short term memory is like the RAM on a computer: it records the information in front of you right now"
(Science writer Claudia Kalb explaining how human memories work) Emotion:
Speakers may use words to get strong feelings out of their listeners. Example:
Are we going to quietly accept such an insult to our intelligence? Reason:
*Speakers use logical arguments supported by factual evidence. Example:
A healthy breakfast leads to a healthy lifestyle. *While speakers may use factual claims to persuade you to feel a certain way, they also use rhetorical fallacies to distract you from the real issue. *The speaker may attack the character of a person by talking badly about them. Example:
My opponent is not a nice person. *The speaker has gone away from the subject they are discussing, by distracting you and having you not like someone or something else. *Places an idea, thing, or action into a category that does not necessarily belong. Example:
Because some dogs bite, all dogs bite. *Unfairly suggests that all members of the group are the same. Example:
All teenagers are lazy. Categorical Claims compare groups while Stereotypes state judgments. *an overstatement Example:
This is the best ice cream in the world! *The speaker may make claims that are not true and make soemthing sound better than it is in order to persuade you. Rhetorical Fallacies: Categorical Claims: Exaggeration: The speaker may make claims that are not true and make something sound better than it is in order to persuade you. Public Speeches: Persuasive speeches are given to get the public to
feel a certain way. They discuss the problem about a situation and offer resolutions for the problem. Techniques: Techniques: Techniques: Techniques: Techniques: Attack Ad Hominem: Persuasive Techniques Stereotyping: