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The History of Dogs
Transcript of The History of Dogs
The dog is one of the earliest animals domesticated in China
Popular dog breeds in Ancient China were the chow chow, pekingese, pug, and the chinese crested terrier
The Chinese used many dogs in their sacrifial ceremonies as a way to honour the dog-shaped god of vegetation. Many dismembered dog remains were also found in Ancient Chinese tombs as a way to honour 'the four directions'
Dogs were also constituted as the major source of animal protein in Ancient China. Every part except for the liver was considered edible.
" Dashing about is the crafty rabbit,
But even a dumb dog can catch it."
It is clear from the role of dogs in ceremony and as food that they were held in some esteem. However, classical literature usually described dogs as treacherous, crafty and restless.
Some dogs lived the care free lives from being owned by rich governors and upperclass citizens
While others were taught to be aggressive fighters for entertainment
Natural aggression and a tendency toward annoyance could make dogs something of a discomfort to humans, too. In 1772 the city fathers of Williamsburg passed the Act to Prevent Mischief from Dogs, which forbade anyone to own a female dog within city limits. Homeowners were permitted to keep up to two male dogs if they wore collars marked with their owners' initials. Any dog not meeting those requirements was to be killed.
Dogs were used as messengers and proved to be as reliable as soldiers in the dangerous job of running messages.
Dogs proved to be extremely reliable if they were well trained. A dog training school was established in Scotland and a recruit from this school traveled over 4000 metres on the Western Front with an important message to a brigade's headquarters. The dog traveled this distance (war records classed it as "very difficult" terrain) in less than sixty minutes. All other methods of communicating with the headquarters had failed - but the dog had got through.
Dogs also had another role to play on the Western Front. For men trapped in the horrors of trench warfare, a dog in the trenches (whether a messenger dog or not) was a psychological comfort that helped to take away the horrors that they lived through. It is said that Adolf Hitler kept a dog with him in the German trenches. For many soldiers on any of the sides that fought in the trenches, a dog must have reminded them of home comforts.
The Domestication of Dogs
The History of Dogs
By Zoe Skiadopoulou
Dogs are direct descendents of the gray wolf
Scientists are still unsure exactly how wolves
Many scientists believe that about 15,000 years ago, humans adopted orphaned wolf cubs and nursed them alongside human babies. Once these early adoptees started breeding among themselves, a new generation of tame "wolf-like" domestic animals would result which would, over generations of time, become more dog-like.
The roles of dogs today
Dogs today are mainly used as companions and household pets. However many dogs are used as police dogs, herding dogs, and guide dogs for the blind and the deaf. They are also brought into hospitals and nursing homes to help bring happiness to the people residing there.
Other theories suggest that many human civilizations hunted wolves to the point of extinction, but began to tolerate them when some of the friendlier individuals of the species began to approach them while scavenging through the human's trash for food
Over 150 species of domesticated dogs have emerged since this initial domestication
Dogs in Ancient Egypt were seen as symbolic gods
They where used as hunting dogs, guard dogs, police dogs,
and household pets
Although dogs were companions to the Egyptians, petting or playing with them was not encouraged
After death, the dogs were accorded the honor of embalming and mummification, and were often buried near their masters
The Egyptians loved their dogs; they were the first civilization to create a law that humans would get punishment for cruel treatment towards dogs
Then, as time passed; during the Enlightenment, as scientists learned more about animals, "people became more sensitive to animals' pain, and that merged into a feeling that they were individuals with personalities and emotions."
World War One