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Jean Francois Champollion and The Rosetta Stone
Transcript of Jean Francois Champollion and The Rosetta Stone
Picture # 1: http://www.naryves.com/pj/france/figeac/
Picture # 2: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/images/decipherment_champollion.jpg
Picture # 3: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_hieroglyphs
Introduction to Champolloin
Champollion was born on December 23, 1790 in Figeac, France.
Champollion was home-schooled until he was 10 and tried to teach himself many languages including Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, Chaldean, and Chinese.
Then, he was sent to join his brother in the school, Académie de Grenoble.
Once he went to college at the School of Oriental Languages in Paris, he learned more languages including Coptic, Ethiopic, Sanskrit, Zend, Pahlevi, and Persian.
The Rosetta Stone
Learning the many languages helped Champollion decode the Rosetta Stone.
The stone is written in three different scripts; Hieroglyphic, Demotic, and Greek.
The Rosetta Stone was written by a group of priests in Egypt to honor the Egyptian pharaoh. It lists all of the things that the pharaoh has done that are good for the priests and the people of Egypt.
Because of Champollion's knowledge of reading and writing in Greek, he was one step closer to decoding the Rosetta Stone.
It took Champollion 20 years to decode the stone.
The Mystery of the Hieroglyphs by: Carol Donoughue
Ancient Hieroglyphs were a formal writing system used by ancient Egyptians.
Hieroglyphs were written on papyrus and wood while hieratic and demotic were written on everything and were a less formal type of writing which was used more often than hieroglyphs.
The first third of the Rosetta Stone was written in Hieroglyphs.
Later in his life
Champollion went on an expedition to prove and confirm his discovery to Ippolito Rosellini who was considered the founder of Egyptology in Italy.
Exhausted by his work after his scientific expedition to Egypt, Champollion died of stroke in Paris in 1832 at the age of 41.
He is buried in Père Lachaise Cemetery.