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Transcript of Progressive Education
Progressive education is based on the theory that students learn best when their learning follows their interests. Is this true for you?
Instead of the traditional memorization of facts, progressive schools believe that knowledge consists of experiences that should be used for critical thinking and present day problem solving. In North Carolina a well known Progressive school is Emerson Waldorf in Chapel Hill.
Progressive Education focuses on natural student Development as well as a sense of community and practice and application of things learned. Is this a good approach to education? John Who? Although Francis Parker introduced the concept of Progressive Education in early 1875, it was John Dewey who would become known as the "Father of Progressive Education".
John Dewey was a professor by trade. After receiving his doctorate from Johns Hopkins University he taught at a number of prestigious Universities such as the University of Michigan, Minnesota, Chicago, and Colombia.
Dewey has published many famous works some of which include "Democracy and Education" and "The School and Society".
Somewhat of a controversial figure, Dewey was heavily criticized by senator Joseph McCarthy during his fight against communism, even though Dewey emphasized democracy in education. Others felt the curriculum was not academically sound. They found the courses too student-centered and demanded a return to traditional academics. John Dewey and Progressive Education Sarah Specht
Cierra Spinks Components of Progressive Education Important Findings Good or Bad? Advantages:
Helps develop a sense of community.
Involves collaborative learning.
Promotes critical thinking
and deeper understanding rather than memorizing facts.
Promotes democracy and diversity.
Allows students to express themselves.
Allows for more creativity and curiosity in the classroom.
Child-centered rather than curriculum centered. There are three major components of progressive education:
1. It broadens school programs to include health concerns, family and community issues, and a concern for vocal education.
2. It applies new research in psychology and the social sciences to the classroom.
3. It emphasizes a democratic approach to education by accepting the interests and needs of an increasingly diverse student body. In the 1930s the Progressive Education Association initiated a study that compared three thousand graduates from traditional and progressive schools. They Dubbed it the Eight-Year Study and their findings were as follows:
Graduates of Progressive schools tend to have a slightly higher GPA and received more academic honors.
They earned higher grades in all fields except foreign languages.
They tend to specialize in the same fields as more traditional students.
Progressive graduates were judged to have both a greater intellectual curiosity and academic drive.
These students tend to be more objective and precise thinkers.
Seen most often in elementary schools and wealthy communities. Why? Disadvantages:
Not as culturally diverse.
Does not adhere to a set curriculum.
Emphasizes "fun" rather than learning.
Mostly available to upper-middle class and wealthy students. Signs and Symptoms Most Progressive schools share at least one of these traits:
No report cards.
Student voice in curriculum.
Curriculum integration and overlap.
Teacher guides education instead of directing is. Should teachers guide or direct? Is it Progressive? School A: An elementary school that pairs students based on ability rather than age. School B: A traditional schedule high school that follows the core curriculum. School C: A middle school that lets students leave when they feel they've learned enough. Examples of Progressive
Learning Progressive School Works Cited Buck, Stuart "The Buck Stops Here" The Buck stops here. N.p., 2 Feb. 2006. Web. 10 Mar. 2013 Sadker, David Miller and Karen R. Zittleman. Teachers, Schools, and Society. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2013. Print. Yao, Bernard. "Advantages of Progressive Education." EHow. Demand Media, 20 Apr. 2011. Web. 10 Mar. 2013 Is it Progressive? School A: Elementary students take a written spelling test every Friday morning. School C: 8th graders work in groups to create a video about the Articles of Confederation. School B: 11th graders watch episodes of Breaking Bad for their Chemistry class.