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GCSE Music OCR AOS2 Shared Music

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by

Miss Wilmington

on 1 June 2015

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Transcript of GCSE Music OCR AOS2 Shared Music

African A Cappella
Key Musical Features
Call and response
Repetitive
Close harmony
Often homoponic
Syncopation
Often incorporates dance - so you may hear hand claps and stamps
Vocal Use
Sometimes nasal
Or soft and mellow
Tongue clicks
Throat sounds
Vibrato
Artists:- Ladysmith Black Mambazo or Soweto Gospel Choir
Examples:-
Gamelan
Key Musical Features
Cyclic - short melodies repeated continuously
Heterophonic texture
Ornamentation on Metallophones
Instruments
Gongs
Metallophones
Drums
Origin:- Indonesia
Examples:-
Pop Ballads
Origin:-
USA + UK

Key Musical Features
Slow tempo
4/4 time signature
Instrumental accompaniment often with soft sustained strings
Slow harmonic rhythm
Expressive vocals and lots of long held notes
Use of reverb
Examples:-
Performed at:- Religious events
Indian Classical
Key Musical Features
Improvisation
Pitch bends
Glissandos
Ornamentation
Imitation of rhythms
Artist:- Ravi Shankar
Examples:-
Traditional instruments:- Sitar, tabla, tanpura, bansuri, sarod, sarangi
Classical Concerto
Key Musical Features
Balanced phrases Q+A (4 or 8 phrases)
Gradual changes in dynamics
Melody and accompaniment texture (some homophonic passages)
Themes exchanged between soloist and orchestra
Virtuosic
Examples:-
Baroque Chamber Music
Key Musical Features
Continuo Part
Examples:-
Great Choral Classics
AOS2 - Shared Music Revision
A Cappella - means No accompaniement
Performed at:- Religious Ceremonies
Meaning that chord changes take a long time to occur
Artists:- Elton John, The Carpenters, Boyzone
Sitar
Melody based on RAGA
Tambura
Plays a drone
Tabla
Rhythm based on TALA
Roles of the main instruments... what do they play?
Composers:-
Mozart or Haydn
What is it?
Solo instrument + full orchestra
How do I recognise it from Classical Chamber Music??
If you hear a mix of instruments - brass, wind, percussion, woodwind together it HAS to be Classical Concerto NOT Chamber Music
Rapid scales and arpeggios
Ornamentation
Large leaps
Example solo instruments...
Flute
Trumpet
French horn
Violin
Piano
Suggested Composer:-
Handel
cello' + harpsichord
Contrapuntal/polyphonic texture
Ornamentation
Terraced dynamics
Dynamics get suddenly louder and suddenly quieter rather than gradual changes
Solo Sonata
ONE
melody instrument
+
Continuo accompaniment
Trio Sonata
TWO
melody instruments
+
Continuo accompaniment
Be careful here, it cold be a trio sonata with two violins or a violin and viola, which can be difficult to pick up on immediately
The overlapping melodies created by the polyphonic texture should help in recognising this
Solo Sonatas
Trio Sonatas
Classical Chamber Music
Key Musical Features
Often Melody and accompaniment texture or homophonic
Balanced phrases, Q + A
Gradual changes in dynamics
Examples:-
Suggested Composer:-
Mozart
String Quartet
Wind Quintet
String Quartets
Wind Quintets
4 instruments - Quartet
Two Violins
'Cello
Viola
Flute
Oboe
Clarinet
Bassoon
French Horn
5 instruments - quintet
German Lied/ Romantic Song
Key Musical Features
Examples:-
Suggested Composer:-
Jazz
Key Musical Features
Examples:-
Suggested Artist:-
Suggested Composers:-
Handel or Haydn
Oratorio or Mass
Key features
May have a cappella sections, but often accompanied by orchestra or organ.
Syllabic and melismatic text setting.
a note per syllable
several notes per syllable
Different textures:- Homophonic, Monophonic, Polyphonic
Different types of song: - Aria (solo), Recit (speak-singing, Chorus (Choir)
if it sounds Baroque
if it sounds Classical
Egs:-
Haydn - The Creation
Handel - The Messiah
Soprano
Alto
Tenor
Bass
High female voice
Low female voice
High male voice
Low male voice
Melody and accompaniment texture.
Piano is as important as the voice
Emotional themes
German Text
Often Strophic, sometimes through composed
Schumann or Schubert
Features
Piano accompanies/provides harmony
Adds drama
Paints apictures
Lots of quavers/ short fast notes
piano
of the
Syncopation
Improvisation
Comping (improvised piano)
Walking bass
Swung rhythms
Blue notes
Brass stabs
Scat singing
Miles Davies
Origins:-
Fusion of African and American Music
Instruments:-
Double Bass, Piano, drum kit
Rhythm section:-
Lead instruments (improvise over the top) such as:-

Trumpet, saxophone, piano
Full transcript