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Guatemala Genocide

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Laura McDonnell

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of Guatemala Genocide

Guatemala Genocide "The Silent Holocaust" Historical Background Victims and Prosecutors Execution of the Genocide International Community's Response End of the Genocide Eight Stages of Genocide Justice 16th century Spanish explorers Mayans 626 villages destroyed 1984 dictator General Efrain Rios Montt was overthrown
General Humberto Mejia Victores took control General Efraín Ríos Montt Classification Symbolization Dehumanization Organization Polarization Preparation Extermination Denial Healing Attempts Guatemala Genocide vs Other Genocides Works Cited Racial Hierarchy Europeans Ladinos Mayans Traditional Mayan Clothing Skirt (Corte) Hair Ribbon (Cinta) Blouse (Huipil) Sash (Faja) Shawl (Rebozo) "Sinners" stomp on the bugs destroy the sinners "Bugs" Mayan Slaves 1960s Civil War 1970s Mayans protest 1980 "Operation Sophia" Guatemalan Army 200,000 dead or "disappeared" displaced 1.5 million buried alive
shot or tortured
infants' heads and children slammed against walls
disemboweled while still alive
women raped over a course of three days The Guatemalan Army Kaibil Government instituted "Scorched Earth" Operation destroying and burning buildings and crops
slaughtering livestock
fouling water supplies
violating sacred places and cultural symbols Army used doctrine and speech Assistance from the Reagan Administration in the US to the Guatemalan Army $10.5 million dollars worth of helicopters
$3.2 million dollars worth of trucks and jeeps Guatemalan Army was able to arm foot soldiers at a large scale Villages attacked Mayans
Catholic priests and nuns Protesters: "There was no genocide here"
President Otto Perez Molina: impossible to be genocide because a large portion of the army was indigenous Called "The Silent Holocaust" because hardly anyone knew it was happening Some believed the stories to be false testimonies Violence towards Mayans still continues today immune from prosecution as member of congress
retired in January 2012
put on house arrest Candido Noriega 50 year sentence for deaths of dozens while employed by the Guatemalan Army Felipe Cusanero local farmer
gave information of hidden Mayans
150 years for the disappearance of half a dozen Mayans Mourn the lost ones and never forget Similarities Mass graves
Killing of infants
Women raped
Government army
Monuments "Amnesty International | Guatemala: First Trial of Former Head of State Offers Hope of Justice." Amnesty International | Guatemala: First Trial of Former Head of State Offers Hope of Justice. Amnesty International, 18 Mar. 2013. Web. 15 Apr. 2013.
Brody, Reed. "Is Justice Gaining a Foothold? | Human Rights Watch." Is Justice Gaining a Foothold? | Human Rights Watch. Human Rights Watch, 8 Apr. 2013. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.
"Former Guatemalan Dictator's Supporters Defend Him Against Genocide Charges." Fox News Latino. Fox News Network, 26 Mar. 2013. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.
"Genocide in Guatemala." Genocide in Guatemala. Holocaust Museum Houston, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2013.
"Guatemalan Civil War." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Apr. 2013. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.
"Guatemala: Memory of Silence." Guatemala: Memory of Silence. Guatemalan Commission for Historical Clarification, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2013.
"Guatemala: Ríos Montt Trial a Milestone for Justice | Human Rights Watch." Guatemala: Ríos Montt Trial a Milestone for Justice | Human Rights Watch. Human Rights Watch, 28 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.
"Guatemala | Genocide Studies Program | Yale University." Guatemala | Genocide Studies Program | Yale University. Yale University, 2010. Web. 17 Apr. 2013.
"Guatemala Genocide Trial a Landmark | Human Rights Watch." Guatemala Genocide Trial a Landmark | Human Rights Watch. Human Rights Watch, 19 Mar. 2013. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.
Jose Calderon, Maria. "Timeline: Guatemala's History of Violence." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.
Malkin, Elisabeth. "Genocide Watch." Genocide Watch. International Alliance to
End Genocide, 16 Mar. 2013. Web. 15 Apr. 2013.
"MEMORY AND TRUTH AFTER GENOCIDE IN GUATEMALA." Unable to Locate Release. United States Holocaust Memoria LMuseum, 16 Mar. 2000. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.
Ropa, Mary J. "Just Another Blog." Web log post. - Mayan Genocide (Guatemala 1981-1983). Edublogs, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.
Smyth, Frank. "PAINTING THE MAYA RED Military Doctrine and Speech in Guatemala’s Genocidal Acts." Speech. Web. 17 Apr. 2013.
"Talking About Genocides: Guatemala Genocide 1982." Peace Pledge Union Information. Peace Passage London, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2013.
"Violence and Genocide in Guatemala." Genocide Studies Program. Yale University, 2010. Web. 18 Apr. 2013. General Efraín Ríos Montt "Scorched Earth" Operation Differences Justice Race rather than religion
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