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The Hounds of the Baskervilles
Transcript of The Hounds of the Baskervilles
Sarah Osowiecki Biography Summary Main Characters Style Questions Analysis Biography Continued •Sherlock Holmes- protagonist and detective
•Dr. Watson- Holmes’ sidekick and good friend
•James Mortimer M.D.- friend of Sir Charles Baskerville
•Sir Charles Baskerville- deceased owner of the Baskerville estates
•Sir Henry Baskerville- Sir Charles’ nephew
•John Stapleton- Beryl’s brother and later revealed by Sherlock to be a long lost cousin of the Baskervilles and the murder
•Beryl Stapleton- John’s sister and later engaged to Sir Henry
•Mr. Barryman- butler and married to Mrs. Barryman
•Mrs. Barryman- one of the Baskerville servants and married to Mr. Barryman
•Convict- escaped murder from prison and Miss Barryman’s brother •Tone- Dark and eerie
•Point of View- First Person, Watson
•Complexity- Starts off simple then goes complex
•Diction- easy to understand The story takes place in Dervoshire England where Baskerville Hall is located in the creepy moorlands, although there are some scenes that take place in Holmes’s office in London. The Hound of the Baskervilles was published in 1901, but it isn’t clear exactly what year the story is supposed to be set in. Many believe it is set in the year 1886.
In this story, Holmes serves as the major detective. He is a paid professional detective, and Watson is his sidekick. The story has a supernatural element to it since Baskerville Hall is supposedly cursed by some evil hound. Holmes uses his overly analytical mind and keen observational skills to solve the case. He plunges off a cliff and to his death when he is attacked by the so called “Baskerville Hound.” After a while Holmes reappears, having been hiding out in secret making his own enquiries. He reveals that the true criminal behind Sir Charles’s death is Stapleton, a long-lost cousin of the Baskerville’s who hopes to claim their immense fortune for himself after getting rid of everyone else in the bloodline. He had been keeping a large, highly vicious dog hidden away. He trained the dog to attack Baskervilles by exposing him to their scent (hence the stolen shoes). Luckily Holmes and Watson are able to come to the rescue before Sir Henry is torn to pieces by the dog. They shoot the hound and take Henry back to Baskerville Hall to care for his injuries. When Stapleton shows up and tries to poison Henry, they confront him and he flees.Unlike the original novel, the villain’s fate is unknown in the film. However Holmes ominously states: “He won’t get very far. I’ve posted constables along the roads and the only other way is across the Grimpen Mire.” The Hound of the Baskervilles centers around an old curse associated with Baskerville Hall. The Baskerville line has been plagued by a mysterious and supernatural black hound, which is what is rumored to have killed Hugo Baskerville, the original owner of Baskerville Hall. When Sir Charles Baskerville is found dead in the moor, old fears of the legendary Baskerville hound are roused. So Doctor Mortimer calls Sherlock Holmes and his partner Watson to investigate. Sir Henry Baskerville, the next in line, arrives to take his place as owner of Baskerville Hall. Holmes sends Watson to accompany him, claiming that he’s too busy to accompany Sir Henry himself. Weird things keep happening to Henry. His boots keep disappearing, and he hears strange howling noises. Later on Henry meets Beryl Stapleton, the stepsister of his neighbor Jack Stapleton, and is immediately infatuated with her. They fall in love and later become engaged to get married. Meanwhile a local homicidal maniac who recently escaped from a nearby prison is lurking around the moor. Summary Continued 1. Why did the author choose
Watson as the narrator?
2. Why did the author include the side story about the convict.
3. Were there any detective themes in this story? If so, what were they? •Arthur Conan Doyle was born on May 22, 1859 in EdinBurgh, Scotland. His father Charles Doyle was a chronic alcoholic, and his mother Mary Foley was an educated young woman with a passion for books and storytelling.
•At the age of 9, Arthur was sent away to a strict Jesuit boarding school for seven years.
•After graduating at the age of 17, Arthur was influenced by Dr. Bryan Charles Waller, a young tenant his mother had taken in, to pursue a medical career.
•He went to study at the University of Edinburgh. His biggest influence was one of his professor named Dr. Joseph Bell. Dr. Bell’s skill at observation, logic, and deduction helped Arthur Conan Doyle, create the character Sherlock Holmes. • While obtaining his Bachelor of Medicine and Master of Surgery degree, Conan Doyle took on several jobs such as a medical officer on a Whaling ship, and a medical position on a steamer in Africa. He also published some short stories.
• In 1885 he married Louisa Hawkins. Who later gave birth to a son and daughter.
• In 1888 he published his first Sherlock Holmes Novel ‘A Study in Scarlet’.
• Arthur opened up a new business where he could practice Ophthalmology (eyes). It is said that not a single patient ever crossed his door. At this point, Arthur decided it was best to focus more on writing. He started to write short stories staring Holmes and Watson for the Strand Magazine. • Illustrator Sidney Paget used his brother Walter as a model to create the image of Sherlock Holmes. •In 1891 Conan Doyle was struck with a deadly case of influenza. He decided that the stress of following two careers could’ve been a factor in his sickness and decided to drop his medical practice.
•Conan Doyle was more interested in writing other stories then Sherlock Holmes and he felt that his creation was controlling his life, so he decided to, in 1893, kill of Sherlock Holmes. As a result over twenty thousand readers cancelled their subscriptions to the Strand.
•Arthur’s wife soon fell ill to Tuberculosis. While she was sick, Holmes fell in love with another young women by the name of Jean Leckie.
•When the Boer War started, Arthur, who had written many stories about war, wanted to test his own skills as a soldier. However he was overweight and deemed unfit. He instead enlisted as a medical doctor.
•After leaving the war, Conan Doyle tried another career and tried his hand in politics. Twice he tried running for a seat and lost both times. • After a prolonged stay in the Devonshire moors, Arthur was inspired to write a new novel called ‘The Hound of the Baskervilles’. He realized his story lacked a hero, so instead of creating a new one, he wrote to the story as if it was an untold Holmes adventure.
• A year later, King Edward VII knighted Arthur for services in the Boer War.
• In 1903 Arthur brought back Sherlock Holmes for the money.
• In 1906 Arthur’s wife Louisa died in his arms and he fell into depression.
• To combat his depression he decided to help those in a lower state then he was by helping Scotland yard solve two separate cases.
• In 1907 he married his other lover Jean.
• Later in his life Conan Doyle had a deepening involvement into the occult. He stopped writing a lot of fiction and instead turned to Spiritualism.
• On July 1930 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle died of a heart attack at the age of 71. His last words were directed at his wife… “You are Wonderful”. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote:
-56 Short Stories
On Sherlock Holmes