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Documents of Transport and Customs

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Miriam Marín

on 18 May 2014

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Transcript of Documents of Transport and Customs


Documents of Transport and Customs
Alicia Rodríguez Martínez
Miriam Marín Nicolás
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
Index
1 Transport Documents
1.1 Road
1.2 Train
1.3 Sea
1.4 Air
1.5 Multimodal
2 Customs Documents
2.1 SAD
2.2 INTRASTAT
2.3 Certificate of Origin


Transport Documents: Road
Transport Documents: Train

Transport Documents: Air
It is a document made out by or on behalf of the shipper which serves as a contract between the shipper and the carrier(s) for carriage of goods over routes of the carrier(s).
Each one consists of a set of three originals: for the carrier, consignee and shipper.
It can be:
Airline air waybill, with pre-printed issuing carrier identification.
Neutral air waybill, without pre-printed identification of the issuing carrier.
How to complete it:
http://www.fedex.com/pf/tools/intlairwaybill.html
It contains...
Transport Documents: Multimodal
Sunbird Energy Ltd.
EUR forms
CMR Consignment Note
TIR Carnet
Railway Consignment Note or CIM
Transport Documents: Sea
Bill of Lading

Airway Bill
Combined Transport Document
Customs Documents
SAD
Customs Documents
INTRASTAT
Customs Documents
Certificate of Origin
Purpose : to allow goods to enter the country of destination at a reduced or zero rate of duty.
Conditions: the merchandise must be completely manufactured in a member country.
Exporters use EUR forms when: a) a preferential rate of duty is given by the importing country on products exported b) the rules of origin are complied with (very strict rules governing movement certificates must be satisfied). The preferential origin rules are complex and vary according to the product and the country where it is being exported to.
Two types: EUR.1 and EUR2. The second one is used for mail deliveries or deliveries under 215 €
Common Characteristics: a) Unique number b) Chambers of Commerce: service of checking the completed EUR1 before it is presented to Customs at the point of export c) Customs stamp EUR forms at the point of export d) EUR forms: valid for four months to all countries except Ceuta, Croatia, Cyprus, Macedonia, Melilla and Malta (five months).
Also recognised as a Certificate of Origin.
Countries: http://www.camaragijon.es/contenidos/documentos/Qux_paxses_necesitan_el_EUR1_y_el_EUR2.pdf
*ATR1 declaration
Exporters with customers in Turkey require on ATR1 declaration instead of an EUR declaration.
Examples: http://www.channelports.co.uk/clearance/EUR-examples.htm
(English)
http://azure.afi.es/ContentWeb/EmpresasUnicaja/certificado/circulacion/eur1/contenido_sidN_1052425_sid2N_1052384_cidlL_954944_ctylL_139_scidN_954944_utN_3.aspx (Spanish).


Document for cross-border transport of cargo by road.
Issued according to the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (Geneva, 1956).
It confirms that the carrier (haulage company) has received the goods and that a contract of carriage exists between the trader and the carrier.
It is
not a document of title
. Cargo is released to the consignee mentioned in it.
Information: How to fill it : http://www.cargotir.com/pages/cmr/fillcmr.aspx
Customs transit document used to prove the existence of the international guarantee for duties and taxes for the goods transported under the TIR system.
TIR Convention: formalities of international road transport.
Each TIR Carnet has a unique reference number.
It may have 4, 6, 14, or 20 vouchers, as one pair of vouchers is used per country.
Each individual TIR Carnet can be used for only one TIR transport.
How to fill it:
http://www.iru.org/cms-filesystem-action/mix-publications/es_howToTIR.pdf
Example:
It is a standardized administrative document which has replaced most of the customs declarations forms existing in member states of the EU.
Required for exporting, importing or transporting “goods in transit”.
Basis to pay any charges (customs duty, VAT, excise duty).
It contains all the main data about the merchandise.
9 copies of the document.
General information.
SAD Harmonization.
Bibliography

http://www.nibusinessinfo.co.uk/content/key-rail-transport-documents
http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/customs/procedural_aspects/general/sad/
http://www.iqglobal.com/glossary/
http://help.sap.com/saphelp_40b/helpdata/fr/2b/274520995111d1b4e30000e82d81b0/content.htm
http://customs.gov.ms/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/sad_-notice_3.pdf
http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/internal_market/single_market_for_goods/free_movement_goods_general_framework/l11011a_en.htm
It is a document attesting that goods in a particular export shipment are wholly manufactured or produced in a particular country.
Declaration by the exporter.
Non-Preferential COs, i.e. ordinary COs: certify that the country of origin of a particular product does not qualify for any preferential treatment.
Preferential COs refer to COs which enable products to enjoy tariff reduction or exemption when they are exported to countries extending these privileges.
Halal and kosher certificates.
It is a monthly declaration that provides EU authorities with statistics on foreign trade within the EU (for example, trade between France and Germany).
Intrastat system.
There is one INTRASTAT declaration for receipts and one for dispatches.
To assess their international competitiveness of individual products, it is still necessary for EU member states to keep statistical records of trade within EU borders.
It is a
bill of lading
covering a shipment by two or more modes of transport.
Issued by a freight-forwarder, logistics firm or carrier. Filled by the exporter and then signed by an agent of the carrier.
Key elements.
Transhipment can be occurred only if:
• happened during the carriage from the place of dispatch, taking in charge or shipment to the place of final destination.
• cargo is unloading from one means of conveyance and reloading to another means of conveyance.

Written statement from the master --> he acknowledges to have received the goods on board of his ship and undertakes a) to carry them to the place of destination b) to deliver them in the same good order and condition as he received them.
Information : item, quantity, vessel details, date, port, consignor , consignee...
3 Functions: a) Receipt for the goods
b) Contract of carriage
c) Document of title
It can be clean, unclean, dirty or foul.
Three original are issued: for the consignor, the carrier and the consignee.
Spanish one:
http://comerciointernacional2013.pbworks.com/w/file/fetch/70152710/conline%20bill%20en%20espa%C3%B1ol.pdf
International Agreement International Carriage of Goods by Rail.
It confirms that the rail carrier has received the goods and that a contract of carriage exists between trader and carrier.
A CIM note isn't a document of title. It does not give its holder rights of ownership or possession of the goods.
Key details:
a description of the goods
the number of packages and their weight
the names and addresses of the sender and recipient
The sender is responsible for the accuracy of CIM notes, and is liable for any loss or damage suffered by the carrier due to inaccurate information.
CIM Rules (1999 Uniform Rules Concerning the Contract of International Carriage of Goods by Rail (CIM)) apply to a contract of carriage by rail if the place of taking in charge of goods and the designated place of delivery are situated in two different states.
Description of boxes here:
http://www.renfe.com/EN/empresa/informacion_legal/guia_carta_porte_TC.html
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