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Georgia's Trustee and Royal Colony Period
Transcript of Georgia's Trustee and Royal Colony Period
By: Abby McCurley
The first twenty years of Georgia history a Board of Trustees governed the colony known as Trustee Georgia.
James Oglethorpe exercised a leading role in the movement to found the new colony. He was hopeful that economic growth would consist of indigo, wine, rice, and silk which could not be produced in England.
Oglethorpe was granted $6,479 to carry out his plan. He planned to get people to live in his colony who wanted a new start. Many people who came to live in the colony were skilled craftsman. Another reason was defense. Georgia served as a "buffer"from the Spanish threat in Florida and Native Americans who lived in the area.
The charter contained contradictions. The colonists were entitled to the rights of Englishman, yet there was no provision for the essential right of local government.
Religious liberty was guaranteed except for the Catholics and Judaism, however a group of Jews landed in Georgia without explicit permission in 1733 but were allowed to remain.
There were seventy one men that served as Trustees during the life of the Trustee period. The Trustees were not paid for their doings. Their motto was
"Not for self, But for others"
The charter gave facts that the body of the Trustees would elect 15 members to serve as an executive committee called the Common Council. John McCain, a historian, called for 215 meetings of the Common Council and he called for 512 meetings for the corporation.
The Salzburgers were a group of people trying to find a home in the new colony. James Vernon was in charge of helping them find a home. They were expelled from Germany because of their religious beliefs.
The Malcontents made up of Scottish settlers documented their concerns of the Georgia Trustees.
The Georgia Charter
Mary Musgrove opened a trading post near the Savannah River which became the center of the English-Indian deerskin trade. Due to her communication skills with the Yamacraw Indians, she was influential with the peaceful settlement of Savannah.
Tomochichi was the chief of the Yamacraw Indians. He was the interpreter between the English Colonist and the Native Americans. He was also a part of the peaceful settlement of Savannah.
The Highland Scots were also brought in to the new colony by James Oglethorpe to settle near Darien, Georgia. They were good farmers that raised cattle. They liked to fight.
The Royal Colony of Georgia marked the end of the Trustee Period and the beginning of the governorship. The first 3 governors of Georgia were John Reynolds, Henry Ellis, and James Wright. The first governors introduced legislation, formed courts, and imposed taxes.
Governors granted new colonists land. The colonists brought their slaves with them and began to farm the land. As a result the colonists experienced economic growth.