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History of Schools in the United States

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Stephany Reyna

on 8 February 2018

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Transcript of History of Schools in the United States

History of Schools in the United States

By: Stephany Reyna

Massachusetts Bay Colony
Massachusetts bay colony is the first school to require children to receive formal education.

Noah Webster
His spellers and textbooks greatly influenced the curricula for elementary schools for the first half of the 19th century.
He also wrote an American dictionary.
Horace Mann
He was concerned about the divisions between social classes in school.
He believed that mixing social classes in common schools would help reduce the tension that was created between them.
Quincy School
Location: Boston
Teachers were able to have their classrooms with desks allowing up to 56 students per classroom.
All of Boston's schools were graded.
World War II
After the WWII the need for a high school education became widespread.
By the 1950s most of the students were earning their high school diploma.
Why I think it's important
The Massachusetts Bay Colony is important in the history of education because it gave the idea to the rest of the colonies.
It helped create the movement of education.
The Massachusetts Law of 1642
- Stated that children should learn to read so they could understand the Bible & the country's laws.
Old Deluder Satan Law
- Established school by requiring towns with 50 or more families to appoint teachers and collect taxes for financial support.
Why I think it's important?
His work helped teachers out when they were trying to come up with curriculum.
His dictionary helped people understand the meaning behind each word and how it could be used.
Why I think it's important
I believe that due to Horace Mann people started being a bit more tolerable with each other no matter their socioeconomic status.
Based on his idea it showed educators that education should be the same for everyone no matter their socioeconomic status
Why I think it's important
Quincy school gave the motivation for other schools to adapt their classroom settings.
It facilitated the process of teaching as it lets the teachers interact in a closer aspect with their students.
Why I think it's important
I think that due to WWII the states started to realize that they depended a lot more in education.
It helped increase the number of graduates from H.S.
Also helped create the GI Bill, which assisted nearly 8 million World War II veterans in a number of areas, including funds to attend school.
Sputnik 1
The Soviet Union launched the 1st ever artificial satellite.
Took around 98 minutes to orbit Earth.
Created a fear on the U.S
Why I think it's important
The launch of Sputnik 1 made the U.S. realize that they weren't investing enough in their STEM program.
Due to Sputnik 1 the U.S. dedicated more time to their intellectual students.
It was a reality check for the education system.
Board of Education
Decision:The Supreme Court declared that state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
It overruled the court case Plessy v. Ferguson which created "separate but equal" .
Why I think it's important
Brown v. Board of Education is a landmark towards education as it stopped segregation in schools.
Without this court case, many students of different races/ethnicity wouldn't of been able to receive a good and proper education.
Led the path towards equality.
G. Stanley Hall
G. Stanley Hall claimed that early adolescents were neither children nor adults.
He influenced the idea of having something between elementary and high school.
Why I think it's important
Without Stanley Hall, students who are around the age of early adolescence would be stuck in either a school that is not as advanced for them or in a school that is a bit too advanced for them.
He created the perfect in between which separates students into middle school.
Friedrich Frobel
He opened the first kinder-garden in 1837.
It was located in Germany and allowed students from ages 3-4 yrs old to attend.
Why I think it's important
Due to Froebel's influence, St.Louis opened the first kinder-garden in the U.S. in 1873.
It allowed mothers the time to work in order to support their families.
Nowadays children can learn the basics of education at a young age getting them prepared early in life.
Mary Mcleod Bethune
Educational leader who opened a school for African-American girls in 1904.
Served as an adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Why I think it's important
She gave an educational opportunity to minorities, "women of color" in a private institute.
She encouraged the Civil Rights Movement
The End.
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