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Tectonic Movement

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James Brown

on 29 July 2014

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Transcript of Tectonic Movement

What are tectonic plates?
Earth's outer crusts are made up of enormous fragments.

Tectonic plates explain how the Earth's surface is as it is today.

Tectonic plates can form landforms.
The Alps formed the same way as Mount Everest by two continental plates colliding together.

Mount Everest: 8,868m
Alps Mountain Range: 4,810m

Mount Everest: (MIN -36C) (MAX -60C)
Alps Mountain Rage: (MIN -20C) (MAX 32C)
Mount Everest
Alps Mount Range
Plate Tectonics
Mount Everest
Comparing & Contrasting
Tectonic Movement
Thank you!
James Brown Connor Klemm
Alps Mountain Range
What are tectonic plates?
Plates colliding together are called 'subduction'.

Subduction process can form mountains and volcanoes.
Tectonic Plates of the world
Wheres is mount Everest
Mount Everest rests on the Tibetan Platue known as the Qing Zang Gaoyuan.

Mount Everest is over 60 million years old and is 8,848 metres tall.
Earth today
Beyond 250 million years ago, India, Australia, Africa and South America were all one continent called Pangea.

Millions of years later the continents broke up and formed the continents as we know today.

There are 7 continents in total now.
Future of mount Everest
Mount Everest will continue ascending at the same rate.

It will shove into Tibet's area which will result in 180km of it added on to the Himalayas.

diver 80ft between north american and Eurasian plates
Where are The Alps
The Alps is the largest system of ranges in Europe spreading 1,200km long across 7 countries.

The Alps are 298,128 km². The elevation of the Alps is 4,810 m.

The highest mountain in the Alps is Mount Blanc which is 4,810m.
Africa colliding with Europe
The African plate drifted northwards approximately 10-15cm a year until it eventually collided with the Eurasian plate.

World's Highest Dump
Human activity is the main reason why Mount Everest is slowly getting damaged.

The trees and woodland near the base of Mount Everest are being cut down for uses.
Live Science, 2013 What is tectonic plates?, Purch, accessed 20 July 2014, <http://www.livescience.com/37706-what-is-plate-tectonics.html>.

USGS, 1999 What is a tectonic plate?, ., accessed 20 July 2014, <http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/dynamic/tectonic.html>.

wiseGEEK, 2003 What are tectonic plates?, ., accessed 21 July 2014, <http://www.wisegeek.org/what-are-tectonic-plates.htm>.

Nepal levels amongst the poorest countries in the world .

Himalayas home to 14 tallest mountains in the world.

The higher you go the more it will cost to get up there.
Mountains in the north and small mountains in the south.

The tectonic plates push Mount Everest taller millimetres every year.
Edmund Hillary and Tenzig Norgay were the first to climb to the top of Mount Everest in 1953.

They attracted a lot of people to climb Mount Everest.
The enormous pressure formed folds that rose out of the Paratethys and shoved towards the north.

The early movement towards east and west came to an end, and the softening of the European crust allowed Africa to push northwards.
The popularity of the Alps and the impact of so many people caused a slow environmental downfall of the Alps environment during the mid 20th century.

There are numbers of environmental concerns from human impact but won't be a worry until later on in the future.
Both mountains obviously behave differently, where the Alps' rocks and land are generally more stable.

There are over 120 million people who visit the Alps each year and 4,000 serious climbers who have attempted Mount Everest.
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About.com, 2014 Geology of Mount Everest, ., accessed 23 July 2014, <http://climbing.about.com/od/Mount-Everest/a/Geology-Of-Mount-Everest.htm>.

NOVA Online, 2000 Mount Everest, Mechanics of Mountain Formation, ., accessed 24 July 2014, <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/everest/earth/birth.html>.

Smithsonion.com, 2014 Mount Everest Formed Because of India’s Relentless Push Against Asia, ., accessed 24 July 2014, <http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/mount-everest-formed-because-indias-relentless-push-and-shove-against-asia-180950246/>.

Bright Hub, 2014 Environmental Effects of Tourism on Mt. Everest, ., accessed 25 July 2014, <http://www.brighthub.com/environment/green-living/articles/45722.aspx>.

How Stuff Works, 2014 How Climbing Mount Everest Works, ., accessed 25 July 2014, <http://adventure.howstuffworks.com/outdoor-activities/climbing/mount-everest5.htm>.
Princeton, 2014 Geology of the Alps, ., accessed 26 July 2014, <https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Geology_of_the_Alps.html>.

Science for kids, 2014 Alps - Geology For Kids, ., accessed 26 July 2014, <http://scienceforkids.kidipede.com/geology/platetectonics/alps.htm>.

Universitatbonn, 2014 Geology of the Alps Part 1: General remarks; Austroalpine nappes, ., accessed 26 July 2014, <http://www.steinmann.uni-bonn.de/arbeitsgruppen/strukturgeologie/lehre/wissen-gratis/geology-of-the-alps-part-1-general-remarks-austroalpine-nappes>.

Western Europe Human Impact on the Environment of Western Europe, 2014 The Alps: Glacial Processes, ., accessed 27 July 2014, <http://aventalearning.com/courses/GEOGx-HS-A09/a/unit05/GeoHS_5.D.6.html>.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2014 Human impact on the Alpine environment, ., accessed 27 July 2014, <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/17356/Alps/34387/Human-impact-on-the-Alpine-environment>.
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