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The Daily Life of a Pharaoh

By Brooke Tran

Brooke Tran

on 19 September 2012

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Transcript of The Daily Life of a Pharaoh

By Brooke Tran The Daily Life of a Pharaoh In Ancient Egypt This primary source is a picture of the coffin of the pharaoh Tutankhamen Curse of Tutankhamun, viewed August 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://www.king-tut.org.uk/curse-of-king-tut/curse-of-tutankhamun.htm" http://www.king-tut.org.uk/curse-of-king-tut/curse-of-tutankhamun.htm >. this primary source is a picture of King Tutankhamum from his tomb mural. Egy-King 2012, viewed September 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://egy-king.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/ancient-egyptian-pharaohs-clothing.html" Introduction Pharaohs were the Kings and Queens of ancient Egypt who ruled from approximately 3000BC when the first Pharaoh, Narmer (sometimes called Menses), united Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt. The Pharaoh’s reign ended with the death of Cleopatra in 30BC when Egypt fell to the Roman empire. Place in society The Pharaoh was the most important and powerful person in the kingdom. He held the titles 'Lord of the Two Lands' and 'High Priest of Every Temple'. He was considered 'Lord of the Two Lands' because he owned all of the land. This title gave him the right to make laws and collect taxes. His responsibilities included being the commander of the army which defended Egypt against invaders. The title of 'High Priest of Every Temple' meant that the pharaoh represented the gods on Earth. Ancient Egyptians believed that pharaohs were half-man and half-god and since only the pharaoh and priests were allowed to enter temples he had the important responsibility of performing religious rituals and asking for good fortune from the gods on behalf of his people. In the social pyramid of ancient Egypt the pharaoh and those associated with divinity were at the top, and servants and slaves made up the bottom. Lifestyle Clothing Housing Leisure Family To display their power and connection with the gods, the Pharaohs wore different clothes than the nobles and the common people. He was adorned with jewellery made from gold and precious stones and also wore or carried items which were symbols of his power. One of these is the royal headdress which is called the Nemes and was made out of linen. There were many other items which were part of the pharaoh’s dress. These included crowns, which were headdresses with jewels and represented "Supreme Rank." False beards which were worn by male and female pharaohs symbolized royal authority. The scepter which was carried by the pharaoh also meant royal authority. The pharaoh was the most powerful and wealthiest person in the kingdom. In ancient Egypt, rich Egyptians lived in large, comfortable houses with many rooms. Walls were painted and floors had coloured tiles. Most wealthy houses had enclosed gardens with pools. Inside their homes rich Egyptians had wooden furniture such as beds, chairs, tables and chests for storage. From the paintings found in tombs such Pharaoh Sahure we know that the pharaoh’s leisure activities included hunting animals such as deer, gazelles and antelopes. Pharaohs also spent their leisure time being entertained by dancers or performers. In Ancient Egypt times people of nobility and royalty had a different set of marriage customs compared to common people. They were allowed to marry multiple wives. A pharaoh was married to a queen with a distinct title of the “Great Royal Wife.” He could also marry to several minor wives that were quite often arranged for political reasons. Because pharaohs had many wives he had many children. The reason pharaohs had large families was to ensure that he had an heir to his throne. Education In Ancient Egpytian times there were not many schools which meant that only royalty and wealthy boys could attend. There were different classes of schools so as a young boy the Pharaoh would have attended the Prince’s School. The Prince's School was the most respected of all of the schools and gave the very best Ancient Egyptian education. Religion and afterlife Religion was very important to the Ancient Egyptians. Their religion was strongly influenced by tradition, which caused them to resist change. A secondary source states that
"Egyptians did not question the beliefs which had been handed down to them; they did not desire change in their society. Their main aim throughout their history was to emulate the conditions which they believed had existed at the dawn of creation" (Rosalie 1988).
The Ancient Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh would become a god when he died. This is why the afterlife was important to the Pharaoh. He would spend most of his life preparing for his death by building his tomb. After his death, he would be mummified and wrapped in linen. He would then be placed in a sarcophagus, which was the coffin, inside a pyramid. Tombs usually had around fifteen rooms and in most of the rooms mountains of gold and jewels were placed so that in the pharaoh’s afterlife he would be wealthy. Bibliography Curse of Tutankhamun, viewed August 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://www.king-tut.org.uk/curse-of-king-tut/curse-of-tutankhamun.htm" http://www.king-tut.org.uk/curse-of-king-tut/curse-of-tutankhamun.htm >.

History On The Net, viewed 26 August 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://www.historyonthenet.com/Egyptians/society.htm" http://www.historyonthenet.com/Egyptians/society.htm >.

Curse of Tutankhamun, viewed 25 August 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://www.king-tut.org.uk/curse-of-king-tut/curse-of-tutankhamun.html" http://www.king-tut.org.uk/curse-of-king-tut/curse-of-tutankhamun.html >.

Religion, Gods, Pharoahs, viewed 7 September 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://library.thinkquest.org/6182/religionandgods.html " http://library.thinkquest.org/6182/religionandgods.html >.

Ancient Egyptian Education, viewed 8 September 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://www.king-tut.org.uk/ancient-egyptians/ancient-egyptian-education.htm" http://www.king-tut.org.uk/ancient-egyptians/ancient-egyptian-education.htm >.

Egypt's Golden Empire 2006, viewed 8 August 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://www.pbs.org/empires/egypt/special/lifeas/pharaoh.html " http://www.pbs.org/empires/egypt/special/lifeas/pharaoh.html >.

Egy-King 2012, viewed September 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://egy-king.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/ancient-egyptian-pharaohs-clothing.html" http://egy-king.blogspot.com.au/2012/08/ancient-egyptian-pharaohs-clothing.html >
Religion of Ancient Egpyt 2012, viewed 8 September 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://www.historylink101.net/egypt_1/religion.html" http://www.historylink101.net/egypt_1/religion.html >.

'Egyptian Pharaoh', Penn Museum, viewed 7 September 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://www.penn.museum/documents/education/PennMuseum_Egypt_previsit_combined.pdf" http://www.penn.museum/documents/education/PennMuseum_Egypt_previsit_combined.pdf >
Michelle, Dalia a., Role of the Pharaoh, viewed 26 August 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://edweb.sdsu.edu/courses/edtec670/egypt/pharaohreport.html" http://edweb.sdsu.edu/courses/edtec670/egypt/pharaohreport.html >.

Vicki Greer, Janet B.C.G.E.M.T.R. 2012, Nelson Net, viewed 3 September 2012.

Education in Ancient Egypt, viewed 12 September 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://www.crystalinks.com/egypteducation.html >." This primary evidence is a painting on papyrus of the Pharaoh (on the right) hunting and fishing this primary source is a stone carving of school boys writing Education in Ancient Egypt, viewed 12 September 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://www.crystalinks.com/egypteducation.html >." Subjects the young Pharaoh learnt at school were: reading and writing hieroglyphics
maths and geometry
medicine Wall Paintings in Ancient Egypt, viewed 13 September 2012, < HYPERLINK "http://www.historylink101.net/egypt_1/pic_wall_paintings_1.htm” >.
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