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Informational Writing

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Elizabeth McCurdy

on 1 February 2017

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Transcript of Informational Writing

Collecting Ideas
Before you start writing you need to identify what information you want to share.
Informational Writing
Note Taking
Citing From The Text
How do citations from the text support your writing ?
Highlight notes you plan on using as details:
1. Topic 1: Yellow
2. Topic 2: Pink or orange
3. Topic 3: Blue or green
Thesis Statement
After collecting all of your notes write a clear and strong thesis statement.

You have read several sources and viewed media on the colonies in America. Compare the resources to explain how your colony was established, what life was like, and the colony's role in the revolution. Write an essay and be sure to include evidence from all 3 sources.
What is the prompt asking me to do?
1. Read sources provided
2. Use my sources to cite ideas

3. Provide my reader with
information about a colony
What are the 3 important topics we will be writing about?
When I am reading for an essay I need to read my sources many times:

1st read- Understanding and looking for topics (main ideas) - (Create a thesis, what will be my main topics for body paragraphs?)

2nd read- Finding evidence to support my topic
(facts, details and citations)

Graphic Organizer: First Read
What is informational writing?
Let's look back at the Revolution prompt
Example 2:
Example 1:
How are informational pieces organized?
Find the pieces of an informational piece with a partner.
Fill out the organizer with 3 topics (main ideas) about what caused the Revolution
You must organize a notes sheet!
2nd Read
Notes Organizer: 2nd Read
1st Read: Highlight information about our 3 topics.
You have read two articles on the Causes of the Revolutionary War. Write an essay that explains the causes of the Revolution using information from both resources.
Recording Notes
Today you will record notes about YOUR colonial job using your articles and video.
Fill in your pillar with your 3 topics.
Informational Pillar
2nd Read:
Record notes
1st Read: Highlight information about our 3 topics
2nd Read:
Record notes

Amazing Fact:


Let's look at leads!

James Town
Mr. Nausbaum
- Men came who did not know how to live in the new world
- J. Smith took over and changed the colony
saving it.
- Men were worried about getting rich
-They depended on the
natives for food.
- They didn't chose a good
location for water and food
- Men died from starvation and food
-They traded with the natives for food
- Chief Powhatan didn't want to trade
- They were attacked by the natives often
-The chief wanted to kill J. Smith
You have taken notes and now it's time to use them! Look over all of your notes and find similarities between your notes. Choose details that will fit into your Main Idea paragraphs. You don't have to use all your details.
-J Smith had to take over
the colony was going to fail

- J Smith had knowledge
to deal with the natives

- The colonist depended
on the natives for food
- The colonist did not plant
- J Smith was able to get food
for the colonist.
- The settlers were violent
towards the natives
-The natives wanted guns
-Chief Powhatan didn't want to trade
- attacked the natives when they wouldn't trade
Dramatic Moment
John Grant
Jamestown Colony
You must create notes sheets for each resource!
It is important to identify your details before you begin writing
- Food was often bad
- Food was difficult to get
1/2 the people who
come died
* Jot a small note on your organizer to remind you of the detail
Natives would attack often
The natives were hostile
- Living conditions were hard
- They were unprepared
{Look back at the MLK example piece : What is the thesis statement in each piece?}
Lets look for common ideas from all 3 sources
Why must writers include a thesis statement?
They must tell the reader what the essay will be about
Try it with your notes
What could a possible thesis be for the Revolution writing? Write on a post-it with a partner
Write a thesis for your colony essay and record on your informational pillar
You must tell the writer what the essay will be about
Share your thesis with your table partner!
Transition Words
Hooks & Main Ideas
Each body paragraph MUST start with a hook, followed by a main idea sentence
Main idea sentences or topic sentences tell the reader what the paragraph will be about
{Look back at MLK PIECE: What are the main idea sentences?}
Let's create a main idea sentence for the main idea 1 in revolution writing!
Revolution Writing
Topic 1:
Topic 2:
Topic 3:
Main Idea Sentence:
Main Idea Sentence:
Main Idea Sentence:
Highlight in our example text the transitional phrases
Main Ideas:
Create a main idea for each of your 3 topics
Write them in on your Explanatory Pillar
Share your main ideas with your table partner
Jamestown Video: Note Taking

How do transition
words support your writing.
Types of Leads
Introduction Paragraph
Hook ( Red) - A attention grabber
Context (Blue) - Background information that your reader will need to understand your writing
Thesis (Green) - What your writing is all about

Would you travel to Jamestown if you knew that half of the settlers died? Many people took this risk to come to Jamestown. Jamestown was one of the first permanent settlements in America. It became a part of the 13 colonies that we now know as Virginia. Jamestown was faced with many struggles such as poor leadership, difficulties with food & resources and hostile interactions with the natives.
Let's highlight this example paragraph!
Determine which transition words would fit best in the task card paragraphs
Body Paragraphs
What do I need to include in my body
paragraphs ?
Hook (bracket) - An attention grabber

Main Idea statement (box)- This is what your paragraph is all about

Details (underline) – Support your main ideas with specific details

Citation (circle)– A direct quote that gives extra support to your main idea.

Conclusion statement- (squiggle) – a statement that connects your paragraph back to the main idea

Highlight parts of a body paragraph
with the MLK example
Your quotes or citations should help to explain your point
You MUST use a sentence starter to introduce your quote
You may choose to include the name of the author, article, or book when referencing your research
How would you introduce the following quotes? How would you elaborate?
"Many colonists began to think about ruling themselves." (Colonization and the Revolutionary War)

"They did now want to pay a tax that people in England did not have to pay." (Causes of the Revolution)
The conclusion re-states your purpose
and gives your reader something to think about.
Highlight the conclusions
Topic sentence (blue) -Fresh rephrasing of thesis statement
Supporting sentences (green)- Summarize or wrap up the main points from the body of the essay
Closing sentence (red) -Final words, connects back to the introduction, provides a sense of closure
Common Mistakes in Conclusions
Don't state the thesis the exact same way you did in your introduction.

Don't introduce a new idea or subtopic in your conclusion.

Don't change the style of your paper

Don't include evidence that should be in the body of the paper.
The Jamestown colony was on the verge of failure during its' early early years. The leadership of the colony was poor and the men did not prepare for life in the colony. Colonists had a difficult time with the natives which caused attacks and food shortages. The eventual success of Jamestown led to many new colonies.

You have read two articles on the Causes of the Revolutionary War. Write an essay that explains the causes of the Revolution using information from both resources.
What is the prompt asking you to do?
1. Read or view the resources
2. Use my sources to cite ideas

3. Provide my reader with
information about what caused the Revolutionary War
Write Introduction for Revolution
Let's choose a thesis from our list
With a partner create 2 to 4 background information sentences that will help your reader better understand your essay (Lined paper)
(with a buddy)
Let's write a conclusion for Jamestown!
You had viewed and read three resources about the Causes of the Revolutionary War. Compare these resources to write an essay that explains three causes of the Revolution. Be sure to use information from all resources.
Background information: What was the Revolutionary War? Who did it involve?
Readworks article
SS Minibooks - Causes of the Revolution
Body Paragraphs
Main Idea Sentence
Give information: Own & Author's
(explain your quotes!!)
Summary Sentence
Add 2 pictures to the correct paragraphs
Add the opinions of 2 people from this time period (Revolutionary War)
Create 1 loyalist and 1 patriot
Create a name for both of them
Write how they feel about the taxes, Boston Massacre, Boston Tea Party, and/or King George 111
EXAMPLE: Samuel Jones, Patriot, age 23: "I can't stand the way King George III and parliament think they can control us from an ocean away. We want to be able to govern ourselves with our own laws. We left England to get away from the King III, but we are still stuck under his rule. Luckily the Boston Tea Party showed him that we are serious and are not willing to back down. (THIS IS JUST A SAMPLE, CONTINUE WITH MORE THAN THIS)
Score Yourself
Quoting from the Text
In the article called Civil Rights Biography the author states, "When Rosa Parks was arrested in 1955 for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger, King was asked to be the leader of a non-violent bus boycott that lasted 382 days."
End quote with punctuation INSIDE
Comma after says or states
Begin quotation mark
Early Finishers
If you are finished your Revolutionary War writing please choose one of the following:

Write a story involving colonial chocolate
Write a story about the animal you created in their new ecosystem
(we will watch a video, too)
Different Types of Informational Writing
Academic Writing (essay)
Text Structure Writing
Sequence / Chronological
Cause & Effect
Compare & Contrast
Problem & Solution
Think about the nonfiction books you read...
Are they written like an essay?
1st Read: Highlight information about our 3 topics.
2nd Read:
Record notes
1st Read: Highlight information about our 3 topics
2nd Read:
Record notes
Video: Note Taking
Causes of the
Using the book provided to you decide what type of lead was used and explain whether you think the lead was effective
On a post-it
Book Title:
Type of Hook:
Why it was or was not effective:
Writing in Text Structures
We will be writing about the Westward Expansion in different text structures.
What do we know about the Westward Expansion?
As you watch the Brainpop jot down anything that stands out as interesting or important!
Create topics or questions based on the Brainpop video we just watched
Text Structure Review
Decide what text structure you think will work best for your topic
You will be tempted to use description, but challenge yourself!
Maybe you need to alter the wording of your topic a little bit
On a lined piece of paper: Write what text structure you think will work and why
Broad vs. Narrow
Choose a topic to research
We will need to set up a different version of our notes sheet because we are only researching 1 topic
Put your topic here
Resource Name
Time for research!
Let's Write!
You will use your organizer & notes sheet to create a paragraph using your text structure
Information from organizer & notes (including author's words, explain the quote)
Conclusion or summary sentence
Brown dust fills the air and clouds one's eyes as a horse speeds away from the Pony Express Station. The Pony express was a way to get information from the east to the west in just about ten days. During the Westward Expansion people traveled from locations in the east to the west in search of freedom, a better life, and even gold. Not only was this a difficult journey for people it was a difficult journey for mail. It look too long for mail and other communications to get out west. According to the article 10 Things You May Not Know About the Pony Express, “In the mid-19th century, California-bound mail had to either be taken overland by a 25-day stagecoach or spend months inside a ship during a long sea voyage.” This shows that people were forced to wait nearly a month to receive mail from the opposite coast. As the Civil War quickly approached people were in search for a faster way to communicate. Therefore, William Russell, Alexander Majors, and William Waddell had an idea and created a solution to this problem. The men came up with a short route that used mounted riders on horses to carry the mail. Over the course of two months the Pony Express was organized and put into action using 120 riders, 184 stations, 400 horses, and hundreds of other employees. While the Pony Express helped move mail more quickly it did pose a problem to some settlers. The article 10 Things You May Not Know About the Pony Express states, “In its early days the service cost $5 for every half-ounce of mail—the equivalent of some $130 today.” It’s clear that most people would not be able to afford to send mail through the Pony Express. As you can see the issue of slow mail and communication from one coast to the other was solved by the invention of the Pony Express; however, it didn’t solve the problem for all settlers.
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