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History of Hollywood

Tomasz Szymkowiak, Aleksandra Stefańska, Rafael Perlic
by

Tomek Szymkowiak

on 2 June 2013

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Transcript of History of Hollywood

History of Hollywood Early history Hollywood began as a small, agricultural community in 1870. The name was coined by a real estate developer Hobart Johnstone Whitley and his wife Margaret Virginia Whitley while on their honeymoon in 1886. In 1910 it merged with Los Angeles. Hobart Johnstone Whitley (1847 – 1931)
"Father of Hollywood" Hollywood, 1905 Hollywood Hotel, 1910 Rise of Hollywood In 1912, major motion picture companies had set up their studios in Los Angeles. The reasons for this were location's close proximity to Mexico and region's weather. D. W. Griffith was the first director to make a film in Hollywood, a 17-minute short “In Old California”. The first studio in Hollywoood, the Nestor Company was established in 1911. Soon after, four big companies – Paramount, Warner Bros, RKO and Columbia – opened their studios in Hollywood Nestor Studios, 1913 Hollywoodland sign The Golden Era of Hollywood The end of the silent era marked the beginning of what is called the Golden Era of Hollywood. Arguably the Golden Age began when “The Jazz Singer” was released in 1927. Directed by Alan Crosland, “The Jazz Singer” was the first movie to feature synchronized dialogue. Most of Hollywood pictures followed the rules of certain genres - Western, slapstick comedy, musical, animated cartoon and biographical film. Excerpt from The Jazz Singer History of the Hollywood Sign A short video about Hollywood's narration style New Hollywood New Hollywood refers to a time between late 60's and early 80's when a new generation of young directors came to America. Post-classical cinema also spawned a new approach to storytelling and characterization. Stories featured twist endings, chronology was not always consistent and the lines between the antagonist and protagonist were blurred. A short video explaing the style of New Hollywood Modern Hollywood Since the beginning of the modern era, Hollywood studios relied mostly on expensive releases. These blockbusters are based on star power, spectacle and high production values. All these command an enormous budget. Blockbuster The term “blockbuster” was originally defined as audience response, but today it means a high budget production aimed at mass audience with associated merchandise (t-shirts, posters, video games, comics, etc). Bibliography Most famous actors of the Golden Age Humphrey Bogart Audrey Hepburn Marlon Brando Judy Garland Marilyn Monroe Most popular actors of the New Hollywood era Martin Sheen Faye Dunway Warren Beatty Cybill Shepherd Peter Fonda Margaret Leslie Davis, Rivers in the Desert (1993)
Bordwell, David; Staiger, Janet; Thompson, Kristin (1985): The Classical Hollywood Cinema. Film Style & Mode of Production to 1960.
James, David E, Allegories of Cinema, American film in the Sixties, Princeton University Press, New York, 1989
Wikipedia - http://www.wikipedia.org/
YouTube - http://www.youtube.com/
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