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Impact of sexual crime on victims

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Elspeth Macintosh

on 20 March 2016

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Transcript of Impact of sexual crime on victims

Impact of sexual crime on victims
Impact of rape on victims
Sexual crimes - intro
World Health Organization, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, South African Medical Research Council (2013) found that it was estimated that 35 per cent of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or sexual violence by a non-partner at some point in their lives. However, some national studies show that up to 70 per cent of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner in their lifetime
impact of other sexual crime on victims
Sexual violence can have psychological, emotional, and physical effects on a survivor.
Main types of effects are
-Prolonged feelings of anxiety, stress, or fear can be a sign of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
-Some survivors of sexual assault may use self-harm to cope with difficult or painful feeling
-It’s possible for memories of a past trauma to feel like they are taking place in the current moment.
-STIs can occur during any sex act, even if this contact was unwanted or forced
-Feelings of sadness and unhappiness that have a negative impact on your life could be a sign of depression.
-There are a number of reasons that survivors report using substances like alcohol and drug
BBC 2 "I Never Said Yes" (50 mins)
has statistics, interviews with rape victims and CJS
Impact of being raped - physical and mental
Impact of societal perceptions of rape victims
Impact of testifying in court
Gender demographics victims of sex crimes
Impact of being raped by a partner
Campus rape video - Ultraviolet charity (USA)
Physical -
STI's
bruising, cuts, marks from hitting, choking or fighting back
Mental -
Depression
PTSD
Flashbacks
1 in 4 rape cases ends up in court.
In a rape case victim is prime witness in court for the prosecution.
Victim has a CPS lawyer but no other lawyer.
Victim must face rapist in court and go over details where the defence challenges them
In 2002 the UK Home Office published the findings of a British Crime Survey to which 6,944 women had responded. Nearly half (45%) of rapes reported to the survey were committed by perpetrators who were victims’ partners at the time of the attack. Strangers were responsible for only 8% of rapes reported to the survey.

1985 US study estimated that 10 to 14% of all married women have been or will be raped by their spouses
(Finkelhor, D., and Yllo, K., License to rape: sexual abuse of wives. The Free Press, New York, 1985)
"Marital rape" goes unreported due to partner loyalty
Living with rapist/abuser or facing rapist/abuser in custody battles is also traumatic for victim
Victim blaming / slut shaming
alcohol
clothing
behavior
appearance
"reputation"
scenario
69000 female rapes per year vs 9000 male rapes per year in UK

1 in 5 women in UK have beena victim
Full transcript