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The Unintended Consequences of American Funding in Pakistan

An Analysis of "The Double Game" by Lawrence Wright, The New Yorker, May 16, 2011

Robert Ware

on 7 June 2011

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Transcript of The Unintended Consequences of American Funding in Pakistan

Since World War II the United States has funneled billions into the economy of Pakistan. 1954 1954 -1964 1965 1965-1979 1979 The Reagan Administration 1990 1998 September 11, 2001 2010 In 1954, a mutual defense agreement was signed between the United States and Pakistan. Over the next decade, the United States provided nearly $2.5 billion to Pakistan's economy. In 1965, the Pakistan-India War began. The U.S. essentially withdrew aid to both countries. In the 14 years following, the U.S. gradually restored funding, but Pakistan military was kept on probation. In 1979, the U.S. discovered Pakistan was secretly building a uranium-enrichment facility; U.S. aid was halted. Due to the threat of Soviet expansion, funding to
Pakistan was increased to nearly $5 billion. After a Pakistani coup and the discovery of building nuclear weapons, George H.W. Bush limited funding to $45 million for mainly food and medicine. After Pakistan began nuclear weapons testing, aid was cut even further. After the attacks of September 11, Pakistan became a key ally in the war on terror. Aid was again increased to billions. In 2010, aid reached one of its highest levels, at $4.5 billion. After the discovery of Osama Bin Laden in Pakistan, questions remain on whether these billions of dollars were wisely spent.
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