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Transcript of Case Study-Emphysema
The damaging of the air sacs or alveoli in your lungs.
One of several diseases that all fall into the category of COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
As a result, it makes it harder to breath.
Shortness of breath
Chest tightness or Chest pain
Signs and Symptoms
Smoking and Secondhand Smoking
Exposure to dust and fumes over time
Exposure to pollutions
- the doctor looks for a Barrel Chest or might listen to the lungs with a stethoscope
- a chest x-ray will show enlarged lungs for people with advanced Emphysema
Pulmonary Function Test
- a test that measures how much air the lungs can hold by blowing into a tube
- people with severe Emphysema have elevated red blood cell count
Diagnosis and Tests
- to relax and open up the airways
Albuterol 2.5 mg four times daily by nebulization
Levalbuterol 1.25 mg three times daily by nebulization
- inhaled through the nose by a tube called a nasal cannula
- a combination of exercising, nutrition, and counseling
- Only done when Emphysema is severe
Work Cited Page
The inner walls of the alveoli rupture, causing it to form one big space instead of smaller ones.
This reduces the surface area of the lungs which then compromises the amount of oxygen that gets delivered to your body.
It varies widely and depends on the severity of their condition.
The more severity of Emphysema the patient has, the lower the life expectancy.
Whether a patient smokes or not is a key factor in helping with the patient's health.
By: Luz Altamirano