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Case Study-Emphysema

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by

Luz Altamirano

on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of Case Study-Emphysema

Emphysema
Case Study-Emphysema

The damaging of the air sacs or alveoli in your lungs.
One of several diseases that all fall into the category of COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
As a result, it makes it harder to breath.
What
is
Emphysema?
Shortness of breath
Wheezing
Coughing
Chest tightness or Chest pain
Barrel Chest
Clubbing
Polycythemia
Cyanosis
Malnutrition
Signs and Symptoms

Smoking and Secondhand Smoking
Age
Exposure to dust and fumes over time
Exposure to pollutions
Risk Factors
Physical Exam
- the doctor looks for a Barrel Chest or might listen to the lungs with a stethoscope
Chest X-ray
- a chest x-ray will show enlarged lungs for people with advanced Emphysema
Pulmonary Function Test
- a test that measures how much air the lungs can hold by blowing into a tube
Blood Tests
- people with severe Emphysema have elevated red blood cell count
Diagnosis and Tests
Bronchiodialators
- to relax and open up the airways
Albuterol 2.5 mg four times daily by nebulization
Levalbuterol 1.25 mg three times daily by nebulization
Oxygen Therapy
- inhaled through the nose by a tube called a nasal cannula
Pulmonary Rehabilitation
- a combination of exercising, nutrition, and counseling
Lung Transplant
- Only done when Emphysema is severe
Treatments
http://www.webmd.com/lung/copd/emphysema-stages-and-prognosis?page=2
http://www.webmd.com/lung/copd/emphysema-diagnosis-and-treatments?page=2
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/emphysema/basics/definition/con-20014218
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/emphysema.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/186092/emphysema



Work Cited Page
The inner walls of the alveoli rupture, causing it to form one big space instead of smaller ones.
This reduces the surface area of the lungs which then compromises the amount of oxygen that gets delivered to your body.
Prognosis
It varies widely and depends on the severity of their condition.
The more severity of Emphysema the patient has, the lower the life expectancy.
Whether a patient smokes or not is a key factor in helping with the patient's health.
By: Luz Altamirano
Full transcript