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Industrial Revolution & the South

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Katie Aycock

on 31 January 2014

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Transcript of Industrial Revolution & the South

Cotton Gin
Also invented by Eli Whitney, the cotton gin was driven by the need of New England textile mills for more cotton to produce goods.

Last class period we talked about how the Industrial Revolution affected the North. What were some of the effects we discussed? What was the major advancement we talked about?
Since more cotton was needed, plantation owners needed more slaves to plant and pick the cotton
Slave Owners
Only about 1/3 of white families owned slaves in 1840, and of those slave-owning families only about 1/10 had large plantations with 20 or more slaves
1840 Quick Facts
Occasionally, armed rebellions of slaves broke out. The most famous one was led by Nat Turner in Virginia in 1831.
Industrial Revolution & the South
Assembly Line
The idea of the assembly line was discovered by Eli Whitney when he was looking for a better way to make new guns.

Families & Culture
Slaves who were family were often separated when a family member was sold
The cotton gin made it easier and quicker to clean cotton to get it ready to ship to textile mills
The South depended on slaves for cotton production...
In 1808 it became illegal to import Africans to use as slaves
At the same time, the birth rate among slaves increased rapidly and doubled between 1810 and 1814
Even though most Southern farmers owned few or no slaves, many supported it
Enslaved people formed about 1/3 of the South's population
About 5% of African Americans in the South were free
Some states made African Americans leave once they gained their freedom
Most states didn't permit them to vote or be educated
The biggest threat facing freed slaves was the possibility of being captured and sold back into slavery
Many were parted from their children
Some slaves married, but their marriages weren't legally recognized
Despite, this a unique culture developed among slaves in the South
Turner's rebellion spread fear in the South and resulted in over 100 African Americans being killed in revenge and laws further limited the freedom of African Americans
Machines that produced identical parts to goods soon became standard. These interchangeable parts sped up production, made repairs easy, and allowed the use of less-skilled workers
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