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The Serbian Revolution
Transcript of The Serbian Revolution
The 1st Revolution
The first Balkan people to revolt were the Serbs
Serb leader Karageorge led a guerilla war against the Ottomans
It was a very intense struggle, but the war was unsuccessful, but fostered a sense of Serbian identity
Causes of the Revolution
Inspired by the Enlightenment and the French Revolution, liberals and nationalists challenged conservatives who wanted to restore the monarchy, the way it was before Napoleon.
The Serbs were persecuted by the Turks
The Ottoman Empire captured and executed Serb dukes and other notables at the main square of Valjevo, in an event known as the slaughter of the Dukes in 1804.
This outraged the Serbs
The "Second Revolution" starts
The second revolution begins in 1815, on Easter
Milos Obrenovic is made the main leader of the rebellion
He famously says: "Here I am, here you are. War to the Turks!"
After the Turks hear of this, they sentence death to all leaders
Obrenovic advocated a policy of restraint: The captured Ottoman soldiers were not killed and all civilians were released.
His goal was not independence but an end to abusive misrule.
The Serbs turn to Russia
Milos Obrenovic asks Russia for assistance in the rebellion
Russians speak a Slavic language and share the Christian Orthodox religion, so Russia agrees to help
Russia continues to defend Serbian Interests and affect situations in the Balkans after the Revolution
Liberals included business owners, bankers, lawyers, politicians, newspaper editors, and writers.
Liberals wanted the government to be based on written constitutions and separation of powers
Liberals ignited small revolts against the established rule
They spoke out against divine-right monarchy, the old aristocracy, and established churches
Effects of the Revolution
A sense of Serbian identity is formed
This flag is adopted in 1835
Feudalism and serfdom are abolished in
They are an autonomic nation now, rule
Obrenoivic and his hereditary princes
The Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire was a very powerful multinational, multilingual empire that controlled a lot of Southeast Europe, Western Asia, the Caucasus, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa.
They were the Oghuz Turks
They were ruled by Osman I
They persecuted the Serbs