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Chapter 11, Section 2, The Politics of War

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Michael Scarborough

on 7 November 2018

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Transcript of Chapter 11, Section 2, The Politics of War

The Politics of War
European Influence
-Although at first South was sure Great Britain would be dependent on Cotton, and would aid them in the conflict, GB remains neutral
-Reasons why Great Britain no longer dependent on Cotton:
1.Had gained a surplus before the war
2.Found new sources of Cotton in India and Egypt
3.Europe’s wheat crop failed, Northern wheat and corn replaced Cotton
-The Trent Affair tests Great Britain’s neutrality: Confederacy sends two diplomats to encourage peace between South and GB and France
-US warships stop British ship carrying the two men and arrest them, British threaten Union with war and send 8,000 troops to Canada, Lincoln backs down “One war at a time.”
The Emancipation Proclamation
-At early part of the war, many abolitionists felt slavery should be the key issue but Lincoln wanted to save the Union, and not simply destroy slavery
-As war continued, Lincoln saw the value in freeing the slaves as it would discourage Great Britain from entering the war
-What was a possible drawback of Emancipation?
-Jan 1rst, 1863 Lincoln issued the Proclamation, but it only freed the slaves in the Confederacy, area outside of Union control
-Proclamation had many impacts:
1.Gave the North a Moral Crusade
2.Free Blacks could join the Union Army
3.Due to its wording, kept Border States in the Union
-Not everyone in North happy with Emancipation, Confederacy outraged by it, made the Confederacy even more determined to fight the war to the bitter end
Political Problems
-Both the Union and Confederacy had dissenters in its ranks, both sides dealt with it in different ways
-Union Response: Lincoln dealt forcefully with dissent, even suspending Habeas Corpus, close to 13,000 Confederate sympathizers were imprisoned this way
-A major group of Northerners who dissented were Northern Democrats who wanted peace with the Confederacy, called Copperheads
-Confederate Response: Jefferson Davis first spoke out against Lincoln’s abuse of power, but then suspended Habeas Corpus in Confederacy as well
-The Draft – Both the Union and the Confederacy enacted a draft
-In Confederacy, all white men between 18 and 35 (eventually 17-50), but were exemptions for substitutes and any individual who owned 20 or more slaves, “rich man’s war, poor man’s fight”
-Union had less trouble in the draft, still allowed substitutions, but most were volunteers (92% of two million)
-Only problem in Union occurred in New York with the Draft Riots, Irish Immigrants upset about possible job loss due to freed slaves attacked rich whites and free blacks
The Trent Affair
The Emancipation Proclamation
Confederate Draft 17-50 (Officially)
The Draft Riots
If you live here, you are exempt from the Confederate Draft, why?
Full transcript