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PhD proposal presentation

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Marjo van Lierop

on 18 March 2013

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Transcript of PhD proposal presentation

The ecosystem services concept is a way to connect ecological, social and economic values. With ecosystem services are meant the benefits that the natural environment provides to people. The concept is set up to make the relationship between human well-being and natural components of environment “explicit and measurable”. By now the concept found its way towards policy and decision-making. A next step would be to operationalize the concept. To make this step, many stretch the importance of collaboration with planning and design.

For landscape architecture, the ecosystem services concept holds potential for the creation of sustainable design solutions and validation of designs by making decisions more implicit, transparent and measurable. Despite the possible benefits, shared values, and common goals, the concept of ecosystem services seems, at first glance, not established in landscape architecture. A common argument within landscape architecture is that ecosystem services are not a new idea and already is applied in landscape architecture. According to Nassauer ecosystem services have been part of the landscape architectural focus for decades. These comments raise questions on whether ecosystem services are mentioned within the distinct semantics of landscape architecture or implicitly used in landscape designs and plans. Problem Objective This PhD research aims to reveal what in landscape architecture is understood by ecosystem services and to give an in-breadth scope of its appliance. The study focus is on the basic principle on which the concept of ecosystem services is built: the relationship between human well-being and natural components of environment. Within the study therefore the term landscape benefits will be used to make the distinction with ecosystem services. Landscape benefits are studied for its semantics, its substantive and procedural application in theory and practice of landscape architecture and its convergence with the concept of ecosystem services. Research design Relevance Results Research questions Does the ecosystem services concept hold potentials for landscape architecture to advance the communication and application of landscape benefits in landscape designs and plans?
What is the meaning of the notion of landscape benefits and which terms are used to communicate landscape benefits in landscape architecture?

What substantive knowledge on landscape benefits is applied in contemporary landscape architecture?

What are approaches in landscape architecture to incorporate landscape benefits in landscape designs and plans?

What is the state of art within the ecosystem services discourse from a landscape architecture perspective? the ecosystem services concept connects ecological, social and economic values the natural environment provides goods and services to people makes the relationship between human well-being and natural components of environment “explicit and measurable” many stretch the importance of collaboration with planning and design to operationalize the concept ecosystem services holds potential for
the creation of sustainable design solutions
validation of designs making decisions
more implicit, transparent and measurable ecosystem services seems not established in landscape architecture argument not new and already is applied
Nassauer and Opdam (2008):
environmental values have been part of the landscape architectural focus for decades Are ecosystem services mentioned in the semantics of landscape architecture? Do we use ecosystem services implicitly in our designs? Main question: Advancing the knowledge base of landscape architecture

Contribute to the ability of landscape architecture to create sustainable design solutions

Contribute to the validity, transparency, and measurability of design decisions

Contribute to the improvement of communication and cooperation between designers, planners, researchers and scientists Identifying the semantics on landscape benefits and related terms in landscape architecture

Understanding of the status quo of substantive knowledge on landscape benefits used in landscape architectural designs and plans

Understanding of the procedural knowledge to incorporate landscape benefits within planning and design processes Clarifies whether in landscape architecture and ecosystem services concept the same language is spoken

Forms the base for establishing a common language
Identifies knowledge gaps between landscape architecture and the ecosystem services

Provides insight in how the saliency and legitimacy of developed methods and tools in ecosystem services can be improved to better suit the design process General Specific Reflecting on state of the art A bridge too far? Bringing the ecosystem services concept to landscape architecture (2014)
Meeting landscape services in designing energy landscapes (2015)
Are we designing with landscape benefits? A review on the application of landscape services in design (2016)
Are we talking the same language? Ecosystem services in landscape architecture (2017) 4 publications in scientific journals 1 publication in professional magazine Landscape benefits at the service of landscape designers and planners (2016) 2 congress papers Applying landscape services in practice. A case study (IFLA or ECLAS 2014)
The potentials of ecosystem services for landscape architecture (ISOCARP 2015) 1 congress workshop Calling it by its name. Ecosystem services, landscape benefits or environmental values? (BNSP/NVTL 2014) presentation SENSE meeting lectures for students Lectures on landscape benefits in landscape architecture at Wageningen University and other education institutes in for instance Rotterdam, Karlsruhe and Minsk supervision thesis students PhD dissertation Revealing notions and application of landscape benefits for people in landscape architecture (2016) (e.g.Braat and de Groot, 2012; Daily et al., 2009; de Groot et al., 2010; Felix et al., 2011; Nassauer and Opdam, 2008; Termorshuizen and Opdam, 2009)
determine the understanding of ecosystem services in landscape architecture

give in-breadth scope of the appliance of ecosystem services Aim
basic principle of ecosystem services

'the relationship between human well-being and natural components of the environment' Focus
landscape benefits Definition landscape benefits in

semantics
substantive knowledge
procedural application

in theory and practice of landscape architecture


reflect on state of the art of ecosystem services Study What knowledge on ecosystem services is used in landscape architecture? How do we apply ecosystem services in designs and plans? ? ?
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