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Capstone Final Research Project
Transcript of Capstone Final Research Project
According to The National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty, over 3 million people suffered from homelessness (2012).
According to Eric Brunner "The Discipline of biology has an important contribution to make in this regard [to poverty]". He asserts that there is an ignored biological factor to those who live poverty (2007).
According to Rayburn, et.al, people who live in poverty suffer from mental illness at "substantially higher rates than members of the general population" (2005)
Children are victims of homelessness and Masten refers to them as "homeless and highly mobile (HHM)". HHM children score lower in reading and math compared to children who do not live in poverty and have a more stable home life (2012).
Poverty and homelessness is such a complex and involved problem that a single discipline solution will not solve it.
Brunner, Eric. "Biology and Health Inequality." PLoS Biology 5.11 (2007): n. pag. Print.
Cross, Wendy, Mark Hayter, Debra Jackson, and Michelle Cleary. "Meeting the Healthcare Needs Associated with Poverty, Homelessness and Social Exclusion: The Need for an Interprofessional Approach." Journal of Clinical Nursing 21 (2012): 907-08. Print.
Gross, Liza. "Poverty, Human Development, and Basic Biology." PLoS Biology 5.11 (2007): n. pag. PLOSBiology.org. Nov. 2007. Web. <http://www.plosbiology.org/article/fetchObject.action?uri=info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.0050295&representation=PDF>.
Masten, Ann S., Janette E. Herbers, Christopher D. Desjardins, J. J. Cutuli, Christopher M. McCormick, Julianna K. Sapienza, Jeffery D. Long, and Philip D. Zelazo. "Executive Function Skills and School Success in Young Children Experiencing Homelessness." Educational Researcher 41.9 (2012): 375-84. American Educational Research Association, Dec. 2012. Web. <http://edr.sagepub.com.ezproxy.net.ucf.edu/content/41/9/375.full>.
"National Poverty Center | University of Michigan." National Poverty Center. Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, 23 Jan. 2013. Web. 20 July 2013. <http://www.npc.umich.edu/poverty/>.
"NLCHP.org." NLCHP.org. National Law Center, 01 Jan. 2012. Web. 20 July 2013. <http://www.nlchp.org/hapia.cfm>.
Rayburn, Nadine Recker, Suzanne L. Wenzel, Marc N. Elliott, Katrin Hambarsoomians, Grant N. Marshall, and Joan S. Tucker. "Trauma, Depression, Coping, and Mental Health Service Seeking Among Impoverished Women." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 73.4 (2005): 667-77. American Psychological Association, 2005. Web. <http://content.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.net.ucf.edu/pdf19_22/pdf/ddd/pdh/ccp/ccp-73-4-667.pdf?T=P&P=AN&K=2005-11147-010&S=L&D=pdh&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHX8kSeqK44yOvqOLCmr0uep7ZSs664SLSWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMOHr8Irj5PJT69fnhrnb5ofx6gAA>.
The United States measures poverty as a single individual making less than $11,500 or a family of 4 making less than $22,200 (National Poverty Center 2013).
There are many different causes of poverty and homelessness, this project focuses on the biological, behavioral, and educational aspects of homelessness.
People who suffer from homelessness also have an increased likelihood to experience different mental and addictive disorders (Cross, et. al. 2012)
Both Rayburn, Cross, and company agree that mental illness usually pre-dates living in poverty - and can be considered a cause of people becoming impoverished.
Lisa Gross contends that there is an actual 'homeless gene' - and a sure fire way to predict if someone is predisposed to live in poverty (2007).
There is clearly a biological pre-disposition to be homeless that is separate from the behavioral factor - and it is largely ignored.
These HHM children will also struggle in school performance and conduct - which eventually leads to social problems. This lack of success leads the HHM children growing up and continue living in poverty (Masten, et. al. 2012).
I only covered a few disciplines that explain why people suffer from poverty and homelessness - and the only way to solve this complex problem is to integrate solutions to form an interdisciplinarian answer.
An ideal solution to poverty an homelessness would involve recognizing the biological predisposition, mental health support, as well as limiting the gaps in early education - or filling those gaps later in life. Integrating solutions from all the factors that contribute to poverty is the only way to eradicate it.
I did my service learning at a food pantry and clothing closet called Home, Inc in Jacksonville, FL. I volunteered through First Ministries with Rev. Dr. Barbara Brice. I got the chance to observe people before they received a food package, and I also helped in the clothing closet hanging up clothes. Everybody I observed were very thankful for the services they were receiving. Consequently, I learned that its easy to group a lot of people together and call them poor or homeless - but each person was an individual and had a unique story to tell. I met some wonderful people and learned a lot about the poverty situation in my community.
I would like to dedicate this project to a man named Ralph. Ralph is a homeless man who attended my church every Sunday. After getting over my initial aversion to Ralph, I learned that he was a Princeton trained Presbyterian Minister. And my concept of what a homeless person is 'supposed' to be was turned on its head.