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India

Classical, dance, and Bollywood
by

Ingrid Bakke

on 11 March 2016

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Transcript of India

Classical, dance, and Bollywood
Indian Music
India Facts
-India's History stretches back over a thousand years.
-National Languages: Hindi and English (there are more than 20 other languages spoken!)
-Top 3 Religions: Hindu (the oldest religion in the world),
Islam, and Christian
-Population: 1.26 billion--(the second most populated country in the world)
-Capital: New Delhi
Classical Indian Music
Instruments
Consists of a drone in the background of the music.

Drone: A continuous pitch that doesn't change.
No music is written down. Taught by oral tradition.

Raga: The melody or scale used



Indian scales have a specific order of notes and are always memorized.
Example of an Indian scale:
Sa, Ra, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni
Beat Keeping Instruments: Drums
Tabla (North)
Mridangam (South)
Order of notes: "Indian Scale"
Sa
Re/Re (flat/sharp)
Ga/Ga
Ma/Ma
Pa
Dha/Dha
Ni/ni
The Melody
North: Sitar
A stringed instrument that is plucked
South: Venu
Indian flute made of bamboo
The Drone
Tambura
Refers to several stringed instruments
Harmonium
A small pump organ that can also provide the melody
Used in both the North and the South:
India
Ragas
--literally means "color" or "hue"
Different types of scales turned into songs
There are thousands of ragas
Ragas represent different emotions, colors, animals, gods, seasons, days, and times. Some ragas can only be played at specific times of the day.
Can be more than an hour long.
Indian Dance
Dancing tradition varies in each region.
Indian Dance came from the Hindu religion which believed that
the gods told stories through dance. Hindu gods are often
depicted dancing.
--Dance can be for worship, entertainment, or leisure.
--Dancers often tell stories from the Hindu religion by using mudras.



Mudra: Physical gestures that depict specific feelings or ideas
Bollywood is India's Hollywood.
-Began in the mid 1900's and now is popular all around the world.
-Indian films that are very dramatic and include lots of music and dance.
-Themes include: love, villians, angry parents
-A mix of traditional music and modern music.
Bollywood!
Instruments either keep the drone, the beat, or play the melody in a song.
Harmonic Scale
In Indian music, melodies often use notes that are similar to what western music calls the harmonic minor scale.
Harmonic Minor Scale: The seventh note in a natural minor scale is raised by a half step.

Melody: Vocals
Full transcript