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School Integration

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kaylee noriega

on 17 December 2014

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Transcript of School Integration

14th Amendment "equal protection of the laws"
Ratified in July 9, 1868
Addresses aspects of citizenship and rights of citizens
Plessy v. Ferguson
Brown v. Board of Education
"Separate but equal"

1890
1955
1800
1958
School Integration
1868

1896
1954
Brown v. Board of Education
Linda Brown, age 7, from Topeka, Kansas
Traveled 21 blocks to go to school
All-white school 7 blocks
Principal refused to let her enroll
She tried to sue but lost
What they faced
September 4, 1957
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
September 14, 1957
Ruby Bridges
November 14, 1960
First black child to attend an all-white elementary school.
September 8, 1954
Teachers refused to teach
Parents took their kids out of the school
Threats
By: Dennis Tang, Julian Luna, & Kaylee Noriega
Bullying
Intimidation
Threats of violence
Physical & verbal attacks

meets with Faubus over Little Rock
students are allowed to enroll
sends troops
The troops would be there "NOT to enforce integration, but to prevent opposition by violence to orders of a court."
Plessy v. Ferguson
Louisiana court case that made it to Supreme court
Blacks and whites could be separate
As long as facilities were the same
Second class citizens
Still remained unequal
“For a moment, all I could hear was the shuffling or their feet. Then, someone shouted. ‘Here she comes. Get ready…’ The crowd moved in closer and then began to follow me, calling me names. I still wasn’t afraid. Just a bit nervous. Then my knees started to shake all of a sudden and I wondered whether I could make it to the center entrance a block away. It was the longest block I ever walked in my life.” - Elizabeth Eckford

Background Information
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
American Civil War (1861-1865)
Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
13th Amendment Passes (1865)
1957
75 African American students applied to Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Narrowed down to 9 students
The 9 students, who were known as the Little Rock Nine
met much community resistance as they tried to enter the school.
Lasting Effects
improved educational opportunities for students of color
was a part of the growing civil rights movement
de-institutionalized discrimination
Full transcript