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Transcript of Woodwork Portfolio
Limitations Research Rebate Joints A rebate joint is a very simple woodwork joint that is relatively easy to construct. It isn't the most strong joint but it offers more support than a regular miter or butt joint. It also has a better appearance making it the ideal joint for carpentry or cabinet making.
In this joint, there are two pieces of wood, one of which has an groove made. The piece of wood that has no groove slips into the groove in the second piece of wood. There are many ways to strengthen this joint further, such as by using nails, screws and dowels. Timber - Pine Pine is a very common and well-known softwood that is very soft and easy to carve into. There are over 100 pine trees all over the world. The pine used in our class' boxes was radiata pine, the most common and used pine.
Its qualities make it ideal for carpenters and cabinet makers to use whilst making tables etc. It also reacts well with most finishes (e.g. stains, oils) meaning you can make it in a wide variety of colours. Timber - Finishes There are a variety of timber finishes available. Such as:
- oils Timber - Maple Maple is a common hardwood that is becoming more popular in a variety of ways. There are over 120 species in the world, most of which are in Asia. Our class' boxes were made out of pacific maple.
Pacific Maple is not one species but a collective group of maple species grown in the pacific region. It is becoming more and more popular for timber joinery, furniture and cabinet making. Varnishes A Varnish is a hard, transparent, protective coating that covers timber. It is most commonly used for woodwork but can be used elsewhere. Usually, a varnish is glossy, but it can be made to be a semi-gloss etc. Additionally, varnish can be layered on top of stains or oils as a further protective coating. Stains Stains are very common finishes. There are two types of stains - pigments and dyes, The only difference between the two is the particle size, pigments are larger whilst dyes are smaller and dyes can be used on almost every wood whilst pigments can't be used on fine-grain woods such as cherry or maple.
Pigments are also opaque while dyes are translucent but they both enhance the woods by bringing out the grains and colours Boxes Materials Cutting List Lacquers Lacquers are clear or coloured wood finish that dries by solvent evaporation. It is a curing process that produces a hard finish ranging from matte to glossy. It is often used on staircases and is a highly effective finish. Waxes There are a variety of waxes mixed into modern-day polishing products. On their own, waxes don't offer much protection against moisture, chemicals and abrasion damage but when they are put on top of another finish e.g. oil, shellac, lacquer or a stain, they can make the wood, look and feel good.
There are also a wide variety of waxes such as animals waxes, vegetable waxes, mineral waxes, petroleum waxes and synthetic waxes This box, is good because it is actually pine and it gives me an idea of the ideal look that I want. I hope that my box also has a similar colour. This box seems to flow from the base, to the sides, to the lid. I hope my box achieves something similar to this in the hinges, and that it would have a similar elegance. It also must have a CNC-incorporated design milled on the lid that complies with the given measurements. Even though I won't have dividers like this box, I still want it to be as beautiful on the interior as this box. I hope to get the same effect of colour also. Oils The main type of oil used is a drying oil which hardens to a tough, solid film after suitable exposure to the air. It occurs through a chemical reaction but this method is being used less and less due to the fact that they are sometimes unsuitable for cooking implements and other projects. I like this box as it has a lovely sheen and shine to it. I hope to get a nice finish like this box on my own. Construction Procedure Orthogonal Views Ideas Front View Top View Side View Final Design - Isometric View Materials: tri-square, tenon Saw, abrasive paper, router, 20mm nails, nail punch, hammer, glue, G-clamp/right-angled clamp, ruler, pencil, putty. 1. Using a tenon saw, cut a length of timber into two larger and smaller pieces. (Remember to leave wastage space).
2. Sand the four pieces of timber to the required lengths. Make sure they are at right angles by using a tri-square.
3. Rout the shorter sides of the long pieces.
4. Measure and mark where the nails are going to be hammered in (the longer pieces), 7mm in from the shorter side, 15mm from one of the longer sides and 10mm and 25mm from the other. Make sure the nail markings correspond to each other
5. Glue and nail the pieces into each other by using G-clamps or right-angled clamps to stabilise your work.
6. Hammer the nails below the wood line using a nail punch.
7. Apply putty to the areas where the nails are below the wood line to make the side even.
8. Apply glue to the bottom of the box. Glue the base to the bottom of the box by using a G-clamp or a heavy weight.
This is where I am up to in the construction of the specific purpose container. I chose this design as cycling is one of my favourite hobbies and I enjoy it. This design also symbolises my love of outdoors. The watering can was selected as I love the natural environment (flora and fauna). Then design symbolises my love of the environment. I chose this design as it reflects the contents of my box. I also enjoy the simplicity of the design. The slingshot design is all about fun. As playing with a slingshot is fun, this expresses my love of having fun. Jonathan Koruga