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Human Sciences and Knowledge Claims

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Mary Lattin

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of Human Sciences and Knowledge Claims

Human Sciences and Knowledge Claims
Mary Lattin, Demir Dacic, Allison Chan, Berth Gelin, Melissa Atlixqueno, Valentina Villa, Sebastian
Is it reasonable to explain human behavior independently of what people claim are their intentions?
Economics/Business
Mission statements: clarification of the purpose of the business
provides a guide for the intentions of the business
Nike's mission statement
Does it go along with their actions?
Anthropology
The study of humans analyzes the connection between behavior and intentions.
The Dobe Ju/Hoansi believe that one's face should never reflect their true feelings
In the culture of the Trobrianders, they never forget a past mistake one has committed.
Psychology
Cognitive Dissonance : used to describe the feelings of discomfort that result from holding two conflicting beliefs.
Leon Festinger conducted research that supports the idea that people will conform their behavior to their beliefs in some manner to reduce this discomfort.
In essence a person's behavior will conform to their true intentions. Whether or not what they claim to be their intention are legitimate leads to inconsistencies.
Philosophy
Is there a basic set of human values that determine how one may accept or reject possible motivations for the way one acts?
Human Behavior:
Is influenced by culture, attitudes, emotions, values, ethics, authority, rapport, hypnosis, persuasion, coercion, genetics
Intentionality:
The ability to act with purpose, behaving with a goal in mind and taking deliberate actions to reach that goal
Claims:
What determines if one's claim is credible? And why is their claim being questioned? How are true intentions analyzed?
World Religions
Religion affects one's values and culture therefore affecting one's behavior
In Islam (as in almost all religions) there are several traditional practices questioned by Western society
In order to understand the behavior of Muslims one must understand their religious goals.
Do you think religion should adapt to different eras and times or should it remain unchanged?
What kind of explanation do human sciences offer, and how do the explanations compare with those in other Areas of Knowledge? To what extent do human sciences offer any of the following: scientific law, recognition of general patterns and tendencies, predictions of the future? To what extent do they offer insight or understanding?
Economics/Business
What is economics?
Economics corresponding to Ethics
A business's ethical principles correspond to their customer's ethical principles
The Enron Scandal
Anthropology
Psychology
Philosophy
World Religions
Theory of Planned Behavior
Background Questions
What do you believe behavior reflects or depends on?
At what age do you think that you really start taking your actions, intentions, and the consequences of them into consideration?
Do you think that behavior is acquired or innate?
Background Questions
Is it necessary to possess knowledge of the human sciences?
Do you think that knowledge and accomplishments in the human sciences, such as psychology or anthropology, has as much worth as the knowledge and accomplishments in more logic based areas of knowledge such as science or math?
Is it right to place all of them at the same level?
Classifications of Behavior
Bio-psychology/Experimental Psychology
Behavioral/Comparative Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Developmental Psychology
This area of human sciences aims to study why things happen to humans and to understand humankind, from the beginnings millions of years ago up to the present day.
The explanations in Anthropology allow for deeper insight in other Areas of Knowledge
It offers recognition of general patterns and tendencies, and predictions on the future
Systematic, analytical yet empathetic study of the variety of beliefs and practices encountered in the main religions of the world.
Seeks to promote respect for the diversity of religious beliefs, both locally and globally, with the aim of enancing international and interreligious understanding
Is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Human Sciences: Explain things through theories
Theories and Models
Connection to Natural Science and Scientific Explanation
A Claim/Opinion is bias
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