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Elizabethan Era-Health and Medicine
Transcript of Elizabethan Era-Health and Medicine
Traditional Elizabethan doctors wore a long, dark cloak, boots, gloves, a hat, and a mask shaped like a bird's beak that held bergamot oil. ELIZABETHAN DOCTORS
They also wore amulets of dried and ground up toad at the waist for preventative purposes. ELIZABETHAN DOCTORS
It was not uncommon for a doctor to pour vinegar on themselves before any type of medical procedure. THE SIX THEORIES Blood, Phlegm, Black bile, and Yellow bile. 1) Galen, an ancient Greek God, believed that the human body possessed bodily fluids called "Humors". 2) Doctrine of Signatures: This theory comes from the Bible. God gave us humans resources, such as animals and herbs, to use for our advantage. 3) Astrology: It is said that the way the planets orbit and the date of your birthday can play a role in the length and strength of the illness. 4) The traditional approach to medicine: If the illness happens to be foreign to the body, the doctor will use exorcism or something of that type. 5) Chemical Science: "Non-organic materials" such as tobacco and mercury were used. 6) Magic: Back then, only small things separated magic from medical science. Illnesses, Treatments, and Medicine Medicine was extremely basic for an era with such terrible diseases, treatment, and hygiene. The Elizabethan Era was prone to illness because of the horrible standards of living. No access to clean water or useful medications, rat infested sewers, fleas, lice, and dirty streets. Doctors were poorly educated yet well respected in the Elizabethan Era. They did not know how to prevent sicknesses. They suggested a garland of herbs to avoid diseases. Causes of illnesses were most often unknown. The Placebo effect, healing through the thought of having treatment but not actually having it, was often used. Mostly found in the form of a sugar pill. The fourteenth century was called “Black Death”. The cure for a toothache was to either remove it surgically (without anesthesia) or fill the tooth with “Fenugreek” which is a substance held in place by wax that will eventually cause the tooth to fall out. The cure for food poisoning was excessive bleeding, purging, and fasting. The most common epidemic was the Bubonic Plague. Advancements in medicine and treatment It became easier to access clean water, prevent fleas and lice, and sewers became more controlled and sanitary. Society has become much cleaner Studies have been proven and vaccinations have been developed to prevent diseases that have killed millions of people during the Elizabethan Era. Medicines have improved from tobacco, arsenic, lily root, and dried toad to much more useful alternatives. Now you can clearly see not only how much the Health and Medicine of the Elizabethan Era has advanced, but how society has changed for the better.