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Characterization: Direct and Indirect

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Jude Ferri

on 12 June 2014

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Transcript of Characterization: Direct and Indirect

Characterization:

Direct
and
Indirect

There are different ways to describe characters, and there are two main ways to do it are:
Direct Characterization
Lets look further into direct characterization

Direct characterization while reading/writing-
look for/use adjective words that clearly describe the character’s personality.

Example:
"David Wright was determined to win the baseball game."
This writer is using direct characterization because he is straight out saying what he feels.
Indirect Characterization
Now we will look at indirect characterization

Indirect Characterization while reading/writing-
You are looking for/using words that hint at the personality, not straight out saying it.

Example:
"David Wright held a huge grin on his face after the Mets won the game." Here the writer is showing, not telling, because it is showing what David is doing, and we as the reader infer that he is happy.
What is characterization?
"He was happy" "Tears ran down her face"
There's more to learn about indirect though:
Lets learn about the STEAL strategy. The STEAL strategy lists the five main components that are used when identifying or using indirect characterization.
Speech
: What does the character say?
Thoughts
: What is revealed through their thoughts/ feelings?
Effects
: What effects do they have on other characters?
Actions
: What do they do/ How do they behave?
Looks
: What do they look like?

Thoughts
I won’t give up! I know we can beat the Marlins.


Speech
“Even though we’re down by five, we can still win! Let’s work together and stay strong!”
Effects
"Bobby Parnell stomped on the mound after letting up a homer to the Marlins. David Wright then came over and patted him on the back with a smile on his face. 'You got this!' he said. And with that, Parnell's face lit up and he continued to pitch."

This reveals a character's personality, and shows how characters can have a big effect on other characters, just as David did here.

These two things show how speech and thoughts can indirectly unveil character's personalities.
Identifying and Using STEAL
Actions
"David Wright pumped his fist as the Mets completed the sweep
of the Miami Marlins"
Without the words ever saying how David felt, the reader can still infer
that he was happy and excited over the win.
Looks
David Wright held a huge grin on his face after he had hit his 30th home run of the year.
Without clearly stating that David was pumped up, we can infer that he was extremely excited by imagining him with a grin on his face.




And that's how you "STEAL" all the bases
and score big when reading and writing!








Character:
The way someone thinks, feels, and behaves; someone's personality
Characterization teaches us different ways to get our information across about character's feelings when writing, and how to better understand and interpret an author’s words while reading.
WHY did we learn it?
Characterization teaches us different ways to get our information across about character's feelings when writing, and how to better understand and interpret an author’s words while reading.
WHEN can students use it?
When writing papers, we can use characterization to show how people are feeling or what characters are like.
When reading, we can identify characterization to better understand the character.
Step-By-Step instructions on HOW to identify or use the skill

1) A
narrative (story that is told or written)
is a good place to start finding or using characterization.
2) Find/use
direct
characterization while reading/writing- look for/use adjective words that clearly describe the character’s personality.
3) Find/use
indirect
characterization while reading/writing- You are looking for/using words that hint at the personality, not straight out saying it. Use the
STEAL
strategy:
Speech, Thoughts, Effects, Actions, Looks.

Visit the following pages for extra practice on all sorts of characterization!
Or go to the next slide for an
Extra Worksheet
on characterization!
Jeopardy Game!
<a href="http://jeopardylabs.com/play/direct-and-indirect-characterization-jeopardy">My Jeopardy Template</a>
Characterization Worksheet
Read the sentences and change direct sentences into indirect sentences, and indirect into direct.

Examples:
Direct: Joe was having fun at the party.
Changing it to indirect;
Indirect: Joe couldn't believe it was already two in the morning, he didn't want to leave yet.

Indirect: No matter what he read, every time Dylan opened a book, he'd be snoring in five minutes.
Changing it to direct;
Direct: Dylan thought that reading was boring.
Write the correct number for each sentence. Each letter represents a different type of characterization.

___ John had sauce stains all over his clothes.
___ Albert was excited over his win.
___ “We can still shoot 3 baskets before time expires,” yelled Noah.
___ Brendan high-fived Ben after striking out, and then Ben felt better.
___ James frowned and stomped on the floor at his black, overcooked cookies.
___ David Pondered, “Why did Darren have to miss that shot? It was the game-winner!”
Now you try:

Direct: Eva is clumsy.
Indirect:_______________________________________________________

Indirect: She wore a ten carat diamond necklace everywhere she went.
Direct:___________
Eva tripped over her shoelace causing all the dishes to fall and break.
She was rich.

Now you try:

Direct: Eva is clumsy.
Indirect:_______________________________________________________

Indirect: She wore a ten carat diamond necklace everywhere she went.
Direct:___________
Write the correct number for each sentence. Each number represents a different type of characterization.

L
John had sauce stains all over his clothes.
D
Albert was excited over his win!
S
“We can still shoot 3 baskets before time expires,” yelled Noah.
E
Brendan high-fived Ben after striking out, and then Ben felt better.
A
James frowned and stomped on the floor at his black, overcooked cookies.
T
David Pondered, “Why did Darren have to miss that shot? It was the game-winner!”
S = Speech
T = Thoughts
E = Effects
A = Actions
L = Looks
D = Direct
Characterization: the act of describing the
character or qualities of someone or something
Direct Characterization:

When the author tells the audience what the personality of the character is.
Indirect Characterization:

When the author shows things that reveal the personality of the character.
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