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Berlin Blockade and Airlift
Transcript of Berlin Blockade and Airlift
Seen as an attempt to starve Berlin into surrender and to gain control of the city. Stalin wanted to destroy Germany, and was stripping West Germany of its wealth. Who?
The Soviets with Stalin at their head. Where?
Between Berlin and the West The Airlift When?
26 June 1948 Why?
Carried essential supplies to the inhabitants of
West Berlin, such as food, to help them survive. Who?
The Western Allies: the US, Britain and France. For Both Causes
to force Berlin to surrender
the USA and the USSR had different aims and different ideas about what to do to Germany
a new currency was introduced Consequences
West Berlin became a symbol of democratic resistance to the expansion of communism
tension between the US and the Soviet Union increased
the Soviets were humiliated It lasted 318 days, from the 24th of June 1948 to
the 12th of May 1949. Events leading up to
the Blockade June 1, 1948- The USA, Britain,
and France combine their zones to
form a new country called West Germany. January 1947- Britain and the USA join their zones (Bi-zonia)
December 1947- London Conference. USA, Britain and France discuss
January 1948- Russia stops the sale of Western literature within their
March 1948- USA offers Marshall Aid. Russia does not take part.
April 1948- Russia imposes a partial blockade of West Berlin. Allies transport into the city must have a permit and is inspected.
1 June 1948- USA, Britain and France merge their zones, forming West Germany.
23 June 1948- A new currency is introduced in West Germany, cause economic chaos in the Russian zone. 24th of June 1948
The Blockade starts The USSR blocked all roads and railways leading to
West Berlin, so that no supplies were able to get in. “When Berlin falls, Western Germany will be next. If we withdraw our position in Berlin,
Europe is threatened... Communism will run rampant.”
--General Clay USSR
wanted Germany to become communist, so they were always disagreeing with the other countries, causing tension.
wanted practical control over the entire city.
had already been invaded twice by Germany so were alarmed at the prospect of a strong Germany.
declared the currency replacement to be an unacceptable step toward the creation of a separate German state
realised that they were in a competition for world domination and began to build up their armies and weapons.
wanted to destroy Germany There was constant tension between the USSR and the other countries because the USSR wanted Germany to become communist. 2.25 Million people were stranded in West Berlin
with only a month's worth of supplies. USA
Thought that the USSR was trying to force them out of Germany
Were concerned that if the USSR controlled Germany, they could easily invade other countries.
Considered the USSR as a threat to democracy
This caused even greater tension
Resulting in the Cold War Sources
http://www.opb.org/education/coldwar/berlincrisis/timeline/1948.html The End It was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War