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Copy of Presidential Decree No.27

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Jerald Andres

on 27 February 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Presidential Decree No.27

Presidential Decree No.27
Andres, Jerald Carl
Castro, Aira Megan
Dupaya, Julie Anne
Larracas, Nichole Doreen
Tolentino, Valery Samantha
This shall apply to all tenant farmers of private agricultural lands primarily devoted to rice and corn under a system of sharecrop or lease-tenancy, whether classified as landed estate or not;

The tenant farmer, whether in land classified as landed estate or not, shall be deemed owner of a portion constituting a family-size farm of five (5) hectares if not irrigated and three (3) hectares if irrigated;
In all cases, the landowner may retain an area of not more than seven (7) hectares if such landowner is cultivating such area or will now cultivate it;

For the purpose of determining the cost of the land to be transferred to the tenant-farmer pursuant to this Decree, the value of the land shall be equivalent to two and one-half (2½) times the average harvest of the three normal crop years immediately preceding the promulgation of this Decree;
What is Presidential Decree No. 27?

Inasmuch as the old concept of the land ownership by a few has spawned valid and legitimate grievances that gave rise to violent conflict and social tension,

The redness of such legitimate grievances being one of the fundamental objectives of the New Society,

Since Reformation must start with emancipation of the tiller of the soil from his bondage,
Who created PD No. 27?
President of the Philippines,
by virtue of the powers vested in me
by the Constitution as Commander-in-Chief of all the Armed Forces of the Philippines,
and pursuant to Proclamation No. 1081,
dated September 21, 1972 and
General Order No. 1 dated September 22, 1972 as amended do hereby decree and order
the emancipation of all tenant farmers as of this day, October 21, 1972;
The total cost of the land, including the interest at the rate of six (6) percentum per annum, shall be paid by the tenant in fifteen (15) years of fifteen (15) equal annual amortizations;

In case of default, the amortizations due shall be paid by the farmers cooperative in which the defaulting tenant-farmer is a member, with the cooperative having a right of recourse against him;
The government shall guarranty such amortizations with shares of stock in government-owned and government-controlled corporations;

No title to the land owned by the tenant-farmers under this Decree shall be actually issued to a tenant-farmer unless and until the tenant-farmer has become a full-pledge member of a duly recognized farmer’s cooperative;
Title to land acquired pursuant to this Decree or the Land Reform Program of the Government shall not be transferable except by hereditary succession or to the Government in accordance with the provisions of this Decree, the Code of Agrarian Reforms and other existing laws and regulations;

The Department of Agrarian Reform through its Secretary is hereby empowered to promulgate rules and regulations for the implementation of this Decree.

All laws, executive orders, decrees and rules and regulations, or parts thereof, inconsistent with this Decree are hereby repealed and or modified accordingly.

Done in the City of Manila, this 21st day of October, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and seventy-two.
*Proclamation No. 1081 on September 21, 1972 ushered the Period of the New Society.
*Five days after the proclamation of Martial Law, the entire country was proclaimed a land reform area and simultaneously the Agrarian Reform Program was decreed.
*Code of Agrarian Reform (R.A. No. 6389) and R.A. No. 6390 of 1971 – created the DAR and the Agrarian Reform Special Account Fund; Agrarian Reform Coordinating Council
-*Presidential Decree No. 27 (October 21, 1972) – Restricted land reform scope to tenanted rice and corn lands and set the retention limit at 7 hectares.

• Emancipation of tenant-farmers of private agricultural lands devoted to rice and corn under a system of share-crop or lease-tenancy, whether classified as landed estate or not;

• Value of land transferred to tenant-farmers at 2 1/2 times the average

• Harvest of 3 normal crop years immediately preceding the promulgation of PD 27;

• LBP to collect 15-year land amortizations from beneficiaries for the cost of the land plus 6% interest per annum

I do hereby decree and order the emancipation of all tenant farmers!!!
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