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Town Life in the Middle Ages
Transcript of Town Life in the Middle Ages
Alison Brown Town Life and Homes Rebekah Baker Town Life
Description of Towns
Homes usually never had more than one or two rooms. Peasant Homes
Gianna Aguirre Life in Medieval Towns Alison Brown
Most medieval homes were cold, damp, and dark. Marketplaces were very important in the towns Towns were very small in size and population http://www.learner.org/interactives/middleages/townlife.ht http://www.medieval-life.net/life_main.ht http://www.public.iastate.edu/~gbetcher/373/MedTowns.htm http://www.publicbookshelf.com/public_html/Outline_of_Great_Books_Volume_I/townlife_bai.html http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/rise_of_towns.html http://www.timeref.com/townlife.htm http://www.timeref.com/townlife.htm http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/village-life-middle%20ages.htm http://middleagesjiyoung.blogspot.com/2012/09/town-life.html http://www.localhistories.org/middle.html http://media.web.britannica.com/eb-media/96/95896-004-0C1BFF0E.jpg http://www.historiasiglo20.org/MEC-BC/images/medieval_fair.jpg Sources Gianna's sources Alison's sources Bekah's sources Town Life
Description of Towns Evan's sources Towns were inclosed by walls, and were referred to as burghs, and later known as boroughs .
Viking invasions affected the development of towns.
Towns were very small in size and population.
Within the towns, the marketplace was the most important place. This is because trade was how many people made money. There were many peddlers.
Streets were unpaved and often were mud.
Trash was often thrown into the streets.
Houses were very small and close together, and because of this there were many fires.
A person's shop would be in the bottom floor of their house and they would live above it. Castles The
Steward Knights, Squires, and Men-at-Arms Servants (cc) image by rocketboom on Flickr (cc) image by quoimedia on Flickr Watched over all the formal parts of daily life such as managing his castle and lands and sitting in court. Acted as the lord's deputy. He organized the house hold and controlled spending so the castle ran smoothly. Knights were well trained mounted soldiers from wealthy families.
Squires (apprentice knights) were young boys from wealthy families. They served the knights and some became knights when they got older.
Men-at-arms were well trained soldiers. They lived in the castle but were not equal to the knights. Including cooks, maids, grooms, falconers, and huntsmen Who lived in
castles? Where Were
Castles Built? The best place for a king or lord to build his castle was on high ground, because that was the easiest place to defend. It also gave a good view of the area and of approaching enemies. Castles were often built near bodies of water so supplies could be easily delivered and for easier transportation. Castles at War Defense
It was warmer outside the houses then inside.
When homes did have windows, they were really small openings that had wooden shutters that were closed at night or in bad weather. These shutters were for security purposes.
If you were trying to look through the windows from outside, you couldn't. The openings were to small.
They had thatched roofs that could easily be destroyed.
Floors were strewn with rushes and herbs.
There were no chimneys on peasant homes.
Simple wooden huts Pictures http://www.learner.org/interactives/middleages/homes.html http://www.learner.org/interactives/middleages/townlife.html http://www.medieval-life.net/city_life.htm http://www.public.iastate.edu/~gbetcher/373/MedTowns.htm http://www.localhistories.org/middle.html Attacking The most important part the town was its wall because it protected the inhabitants. Peasants and serfs only ventured outside the town to tend their fields. Most were people were farmers. Feudal Europe was based upon personal loyalty and responsibility, and each town's structure portrayed that. In addition to their lord, the inhabitants were very loyal to each other. Villages stuck together, even if the Lord decided they had to move. Towns were centered around the most important buildings. Although they seemed very crowded, the average population of a town was about 100. Houses were squeezed together and people slept with their animals for extra warmth. Fire could destroy an entire town because the houses were very close. Merchants worked and lived in the same place, so one small fire could wipe out a town's industry. Market days brought an influx of people and made towns seem more cramped. The people who lived there became accustomed to the dirt and polluted water. Rivers and streams were vital. Lords made most of their money by collecting taxes and fees from peasants who needed their mills. If a town did not have a resource, they had to go elsewhere. Life in the towns of the Middle Ages could make you very self-sufficient, or poor from the products you needed to import. -To withstand besieging, castle walls were sometimes constructed to be up to 30 feet thick.
-Food storage was very difficult and quite often, having too much food meant spoilage and the possibility of poisoning the castle inhabitants.
-Knights, men-at-arms, squires and other soldiers usually comprised a castle army during the Middle Ages.
-The simplest Middle Age weapons were rocks thrown from castle walls on to the attacking army.
-Archery was a popular medieval recreation, but most longbows were more effective on open battlefields.
-The crossbow became very popular for both the attacking and defending armies. - Architecture was always pushed to adapt new technologies to better defend the walls.
- Catapults are the most well-known medieval siege engine, and these constructs hurled stones.
- Some projectiles weighed up to a hundred pounds, shots would be launched at the same spot if possible.
- Sometimes a pig head or parts of a dead cow would be launched into the defending castle so that it would make the inhabitants sick.
- Weapons like Trebuchets, Ballistas, Battering Rams, and Mobile Assault Towers were a big part of capturing a castle.
- Medieval sieges could last for months. Attacking armies would set up long-term encampments at a safe distance from the castle's long-range catapults and crossbows.
- The attackers would also try to cut off as many points of access to the castle as possible and often built palisades for their own protection.
- Medieval miners had a very dangerous job during a siege. http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/middle-ages-castles.htm