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Transcript of Sociocultural Perspective/Therapy
Ascribed Role- a position in society that people acquire through no fault or virtue of their own
Body Image- mental picture of her/his body at any given time
Cultural Assimilation- process that occurs when one group moves to or integrates with another person
Cultural Ideal- type of person a culture identifies as highly desirable or attractive
Cultural Theory- studies clothes as cultural objects composing part of a system by which culture sends message to itself
Ego- self which perceives, thinks, and acts; and which a person would be seen by an outside observer
Self Concept- image of oneself that develops with interactions with others
Self-esteem- feeling of pride in yourself
Society- group of people living together and sharing knowledge about their structural patterns Group Therapy! Several patients meet with one or more therapists at the same time. The patients form a support group for each other & receive care from experts and advice.
Form of psychosocial treatment, where a small group of patients meet to talk, interact, and discuss problems with each other & the group leader.
Size of groups is usually 8-10 people with a maximum of 15.
Beneficial so people can recreate the difficult memories that brought them to group therapy. It also allows people to develop new ways of relating to others. Lev Vygotsky Sociocultural Therapy! Key Figures
Psychological Terms! Culture-Bound Syndromes! Disorders found only in a particular culture Ghost Sickness (American Indians): Weakness, dizziness, fainting, anxiety, hallucinations, confusion, and loss of appetite resulting from the action of witches and evil forces.
Pibloktoq (Arctic and subarctic Inuit): Excitement, coma, and convulsive seizures resembling an abrupt dissociative episode, often associated with amnesia, withdrawal, irritability, and irrational behaviors, such as breaking furniture, eating feces, and verbalization of obscenities.
Ode-ori (Nigerians): Sensation of parasites crawling in the head, feelings of heat in the head, paranoid fears of malevolent attacks by evil spirits.
Taijin kyofusho (Asians): Guilt about embarrassing others, timidity resulting from the feeling that the appearance, odor, facial expressions are offensive to other people. Bailee Barker
Hannah Hutto Lev Vygotsky Family Therapy Video! Was a Soviet psychologist. He's the founder of an original holistic theory of human cultural and biosocial development referred to as cultural-historical psychology, and leader of the Vygotsky circle.
Identified with sociocultural theory.
Argued that, "The social dimension of consciousness is primarily in time and in fact. The individual dimension of consciousness is derivative and secondary."
Mental functioning is derived from social interaction, specific structures and processes revealed by individuals can be traced to social interactions with others.
He was concerned with the unity and interdependence of learning and development.
He introduced the Zone Of Proximal Development (ZPD) as an approach to the problem that learning should be matched with the child's level of development.
ZPD is defined as what a learner can do without help and what they can do with help. Takes into consideration that the individual is part of a social system and seeks to treat the person within the context of those groups he/she belongs to.
Include group therapy, family/couple therapy, and self-help support groups.
Creative process of arts education allows patients to freely express themselves and communicate their feelings through artistic expressions and practices.
It has proven to be effective in responding to the needs and fears of individuals and societies as well as relieving the distress.
The therapeutic effect of arts education has strengthened the social aspects of rehabilitation in finding ways for people to re-participate in the community and in social life. Quiz! 1. Who was Lev Vygotsky? 2. What is group therapy? 3. Name at least one culture-bound syndrome.
4. Name a type of sociocultural therapy.
5. Who is Gerald Klerman? Couples Therapy! Couples therapy may also be used for the treatment of depression. Depression can result from marital discord and recovery from depression is often slower for people who do not receive support from their spouse. Therapists who offer behavioral marital therapy usually help spouses change harmful marital behavior by teaching them specific communication and problem-solving skills. Treatment for Depression! The sociocultural depression treatments usually include interpersonal psychotherapy and couples therapy. Interpersonal psychotherapy was developed during the 1980’s by the clinical researchers Gerald Klerman and Myrna Weissman, which held that four interpersonal problem areas may lead to depression and must be addressed: interpersonal loss, interpersonal role dispute, interpersonal role transition and interpersonal deficits. Some research has found that interpersonal depression treatments may have similar success rates to those of cognitive therapy. Bibliography! http://www.unm.edu/~devalenz/handouts/sociocult.html