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Hispanic Heritage: Nicaragua
Transcript of Hispanic Heritage: Nicaragua
By: Kenneth Amador
The flag of Nicaragua has two blue stripes, which symbolize the Pacific Ocean and Carribean Sea, and one white stripewhich represents the land between both bodies of water.
The center also contains the national coat of arms. The triangle has a volcano, rainbow, the rising sun and the Cap of Liberty which have the words "República de Nicaragua" on them.
The Flag of Nicaragua
Capital: Managua, Nicaragua
Official Language: Spanish
Population: approximately 6 million
Major religion: Roman Catholic
Holidays: Liberation Day (marks the day that the National; Liberation Army defeated the Somoza Dictatorship)
1/5 of the area in Nicaragua is nationally protected natural reserves
Nicaragua has plains, valleys, and mountains.
These areas are fertile and have very hot climates
The volvano here is called Mombacho
Art and Music
Art and Music
Traditional Nicaraguan Music is very indigenous with strong Spanish influences.
The most common instrument used is the marimba which is made from bamboo.
Some of the most popular Nicaraguan groups include: Dimension Costeña, and Perrozompopo.
Nicaraguan Art is said to have originated on the Island of Solentiname.
Most Nicaraguan art is historically important and has a lot to do with the dictators of Nicaragua and oppresion.
This shows a Nicaraguan Mural meant to represent their struggle for independence, like the United States
For women and girls, the traditional style includes large, colorful dresses meant to represent "La Indita"
For men and boys, the traditional style includes a "campesino" style with a straw hat, white cotton clothing with vibrant markings in the middle or sides.
Nicaraguan food is corn based so they make tortillas much like the Spanish
"Gallo Pinto" is one of the most common dishes. As is "carne asada, queso frito" which is grilled meat, fried cheese and plantains.
1522: The first Spanish people arrive in Nicaragua and find indingeous people settled there
1524: Francisco Cordoba assists in colonizing Nicaragua for Spain.
1821: Nicaragua gains independence from Spain
After this Nicaragua struggled with many dictators.
1984: President Daniel Ortega takes over and has since been "re-elected" through corrupt elections. He only failed to be re-elected three years but has been in power once again from 2006 til now.
Facts about the Economy
over 60% of Nicaragua's economy is based on tourism (increasing number)
The poorest Central American country
From 2012 to 2013 it's economy has grown 4% which is a huge increase
Facts about the environmental issues
Not a lot of the water is safe to drink making it a huge issue to natives and tourists.
about 75% of the Nicaraguan forest suffers from deforestation.
Increased use of pesticides has caused huge medical issues such as: more miscarriages, cancer, nervous system disorders, and sterility.